Political Apologies Archive

How does the act of apologizing enable societies to come to terms with their past?

Political apologies can be a powerful tool in the re-examination of a nation's history, and the significance this history has on democratic processes. The project includes a working list of political apologies throughout history that political scientist Graham Dodds has researched and compiled.

This is a working list of major political apologies and related events. The selection criteria for compiling the list are somewhat loose, but the intent is to include any and all apologies that involve states, nations, or major political groups and actors, generally for significant public wrongs. Thus, apologies by individual politicians for more narrow matters (e.g., alleged personal or criminal failings) are generally excluded.

Should you wish to add to the list, please e-mail ahda@columbia.edu.




Date of Apology Title Summary Source
1077 Church-State Conflicts

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV apologizes to Pope Gregory VII for church-state conflicts by standing barefoot in the snow for three days.

 

 

“Once More, With Feeling.” Time. September 21, 1998.
1403 1403 Proclamation Apologizing to the Peasantry

Queen Margaret I of Denmark issues a proclamation apologizing to the peasantry for the “great burden and much toil” caused by the “wantonness, greed and willfulness” of her clerks, bailiffs, and herself.

Moberg, Vilhelm A. A History of the Swedish People. University of Minnesota, 2005. Vil. 1, p208. I am indebted to Steven Pinker for this reference.
1697 Salem witch trials of 1692

One judge and twelve jurors apologize for the Salem witch trials of 1692, as the colony declares a day of fasting and prayer to atone for the injustices.

Norton, Mary Beth. “The Called It Witchcraft.” New York Times. October 31, 2002. A27.
1697 1697: Salem witch trials

One judge and twelve jurors apologize for the Salem witch trials of 1692, as the colony declares a day of fasting and prayer to atone for the injustices.

Norton, Mary Beth. “The Called It Witchcraft.” New York Times. October 31, 2002. A27
1711 1711 compensation for the families of the victims of the Salem witch prosecutions

Massachusetts compensates the families of the victims of the Salem witch prosecutions.

Norton, Mary Beth. “The Called It Witchcraft.” New York Times. October 31, 2002. A27.
June 1731 1731 Benjamin Franklin-“Apology for Printers,”

In the U.S., Benjamin Franklin responds to criticisms about printing controversial essays by various authors in his Pennsylvania Gazette by issuing an “Apology for Printers,” which he then regularly reissues.

Brands, H.W. The First American. Anchor Books, 2000. p115.
1811 1807: Leopard-Chesapeake

Britain apologizes to the U.S. for the 1807 Leopard-Chesapeake incident and makes restitution.

Dickson, Charles. The Foreign Burial of American War Dead. Mcfarland, 2011. p13
1859 1859: The U.S. signs a treaty with Paraguay

 The U.S. signs a treaty with Paraguay, in which Paraguay apologizes for firing on the USS Water Witch in 1855.

“The Treaty with Paraguay.” New York Times. April 18, 1859
1863 1863: USA- Thanks giving to commemorate the Civil War

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation establishing Thanksgiving as a national holiday, enjoining the nation to repent for “our national perverseness and disobedience” to God during the Civil War and asking forgiveness for the sins that led to so many deaths.

“How the Story Goes.” (Editorial.) New York Times. November 28, 2002; Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher.
16 January 1865 1865: U.S. General William Tecumseh Sherman - newly frees slaves in South Carolina to receive forty acres of land

U.S. General William Tecumseh Sherman issues Special Field Order #15, calling for newly frees slaves in South Carolina to receive forty acres of land

Weiner, Brian A. Sins of the Parents. Temple, 2005. p166.
1865 1865 First Mother’s Day celebration in West Virginia

Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis organizes the first Mother’s Day celebration in West Virginia, as a way of bringing together people of different political beliefs to benefit Civil War veterans

Tabler, David. “The WV family that brought us Mother’s Day.” www.appalachianhistory.net. May 5, 2011.
1871 1871 Britain pays monetary compensation to the US

 Britain pays monetary compensation for the use of its warships by the South to harass Union shipping lanes in the U.S. Civil War.

Bowering, George. Stone Country. Penguin, 2003. p155
27 January 1892 1892: Chile - U.S. indemnity for soldiers killed or injured by a mob in Valparaiso

Chile officially apologizes and agrees to pay an indemnity for U.S. sdiers killed or injured by a mob in Valparaiso in October, 1891.  (U.S. President Benjamin Harrison had threatened to seek a declaration of war over the incident in December, 1891.

Taylor, Tim. The Book of Presidents. Arno Press, 1972. p267.
2 August 1894 1894: Japan -Great Britain compensation for sinking the British ship Kow Shing.

Japan reportedly apologizes and offers to pay compensation to Great Britain for its cruiser Naniwa mistakenly firing upon and sinking the British ship Kow Shing.  Japanese officials in London deny the report.

Japan Makes Apology.” New York Times. August 2, 1894; “The Kow-Shing Affair Again.” New York Times. October 2, 1894
19 July 1911 1911: Spain -France regret for the arrest of a consular agent

Spain expresses regrets to France for the arrest of a consular agent in Morocco.

“Spanish Apology to France.” New York Times. July 20, 1911
November 1911 1911: Russia demands an apology from Persia

 Russia demands that Persia apologize for the treatment of it Consul in Teheran, and Persia offers an apology, but Russia deems it unsatisfactory.

“Russian Ultimatum Is Sent to Persia.” New York Times. November 6, 1911; “Persia’s Apology.” The Register. November 28, 1911.
1914 1914 USA dissatisfied with a Mexican general’s apology

1914:  U.S. President W. Wilson expresses dissatisfaction with a Mexican general’s apology for arresting American sailors in Tampico.

Blum, John Morton. The Progressive Presidents. Norton, 1980. p84. See also Clements, Hendrick A. The Presidency of Woodrow Wilson. Kansas, 1992. p98.
9 April 1914 1914: USA negotiates a treaty with Colombia

U.S. President W. Wilson negotiates a treaty with Colombia that provides an indemnity and an apology for Theodore Roosevelt seizing Panama.

Blum, John Morton. Woodrow Wilson and the Politics of Morality. Little, Brown, 1956. p86.
February 1916 1916: Germany-USA Regret for loss of lives on the Lusitania

Germany expresses regret and offers to pay an indemnity for the loss of American lives on the Lusitania and other vessels.  President Wilson had requested an apology and reparation.

Blum, John Morton. Woodrow Wilson and the Politics of Morality. Little, Brown, 1956. p103
9 May 1916 1916: Germany- France Germany apologizes for sinking the Sussex

Germany apologizes for sinking the Sussex, an unarmed French vessel in the English channel on March 24.



 

 

Taylor, Tim. The Book of Presidents. Arno Press, 1972. p335.
27 November 1918 1918: Peru apologizes to Chile

Peru apologizes to Chile after both counties recalled their consular representatives.

“Peru and Chile Avoid a Clash.” New York Times. November 27, 1918.
1919 1919: Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles

Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles, admitting it was responsible for World War I and agreeing to pay reparations.

I am indebted to Vikash Yadav for this point. (See Weber, Max. “Zum Thema der ‘Kriegsschuld.’”
22 July 1924 1924: USA-Persia Diplomats death

The Persian government apologizes for the death of U.S. Vice Consul Major Robert Imbrie, who was beaten to death by a mob in Teheran.

Persia’s Apology Delivered.” New York Times. July 22, 1924.
1927 1927: Henry Ford apologizes for an anti-Jewish campaign

In response to complaints from Jewish leaders and in order to avoid a lawsuit, automobile maker Henry Ford retracts and apologizes for an anti-Jewish campaign in his newspaper “The Dearborn Independent

“Ford’s Apology Should Bring Amends.” New York Times. July 16, 1927.
19 July 1928 1928: USA- Britain sovereignty of the Bahamas

The U.S. government formally apologizes to Great Britain for violating the sovereignty of the Bahamas the previous year, when the Coast Guard seized a ship suspected of smuggling liquor

American Apology Ends Bahama Row.” New York Times. July 19, 1928.
18 September 1933 1933: Persia apologizes to Britain

 Persia apologizes to Britain after Persian sailors take down the Union Jack flag.

“Persia: Apology to Britain for Naval Incident.” The Canbera Times. September 18, 1933
1 September 1937 1937: The Chinese government apologies to the U.S. for bombing the American ship

 The Chinese government apologies to the U.S. for bombing the American ship President Hoover and offers to pay reparations.  The next day, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek adds his personal apologies to the formal apology of the Chinese government.

 

“Regrets Ship Raid.” New York Times. September 1, 1937; “Chiang Deplores Attack.” New York Times. September 2, 1937.
24 December 1937 1937: Japan-USA Japan to pay reparations for attacking the U.S.

Japan apologizes and agrees to pay reparations for attacking the U.S. gunboat Panay.



 

 

McJimsey, George. The Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Kansas, 2000. p191.
November 1947 1947: USA-Haiti US Embassy in Haiti apologizes

The U.S. Embassy in Haiti apologizes for an incident in Mississippi, in which the Haitian secretary of agriculture was not allowed to stay at a hotel hosting a conference to which he had been invited to because he was black.

Dudziak, Mary. Cold War Civil Rights. Princeton, 2000. P40-1.
19 July 1948 1948: USA- Czechoslovakia allegations of spying

 The U.S. demands an apology from Czechoslovakia over allegations of spying.



 

 

“U.S. Note Demands Apology of Czechs.” New York Times. July 20, 1948.
26 October 1948 1948: USA-Mexico Mexican farm labourers

Mexico accepts an apology from the U.S. State Department for recently allowing several thousand Mexican farm laborers to cross the Texas border, in violation of an agreement between the two countries.

 

Labor Trek Apology.” New York Times. October 26, 1948
26 May 1950 1950: Israel- United Nations murder of mediator

Israel agrees to apologize to the United Nations for the murder of mediator Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden in Jerusalem in 1948.



 

 

Israel To Apologize In Bernadotte Death.” New York Times. May 26, 1950
27 September 1951 1951: West Germany-Israel compensation for Israel

West German Chancellor Konrad Andenauer declares that West Germany will compensate Israel for material losses and will negotiate other reparations.  (Israel and West Germany sign the Luxembourg Agreement in 1952 to crate the reparations program.)

 

 

Eddy, Melissa. “For 60th Year, Germany Honors Duty to pay Holocaust Victims.” New York Times. November 17, 2012.
7 August 1952 1952: Argentina-USA bombing of US information Service Office

Argentina apologizes to the U.S. after the bombing of a U.S. Information Service Office.

 

 

“Argentina Sends Apology.” New York Times. August 7, 1952.
22 December 1952 1952: The USA-Israel unauthorized flight over Jerusalem

The U.S. apologizes to Israel over an unauthorized flight by U.S. aircraft over the Israeli portion of Jerusalem.

 

 

“U.S. Apology Made to Israel.” New York Times. December 22, 1952.
December 1953 1953: Israel-Netherlands Spinoza excommunication

Israeli PM David Ben-Gurion calls for overturning the excommunication of Spinoza by the Amsterdam Jewish community in 1656.

 

 

http://www.jta.org/1953/12/28/archive/ben-gurion-demands-abolition-of-300-year-ban-on-spinoza
6 January 1955 1955: The commander of a U.S. Naval base- Trinidad Cabinet Ministers

 The commander of a U.S. Naval base apologizes to Trinidad for an incident involving two cabinet ministers.

 

 

“Trinidad Gets Apology.” New York Times. January 7, 1955.
14 February 1955 1955: The Mayor of Miami apologizes to a group of African Americans

The Mayor of Miami apologizes after a group of African Americans are ejected from a Republican dinner.

“Negroes’ Ouster Draws Apology.” New York Times. February 15, 1955.
18 August 1955 1955: Indian-Foreign Missions and Consulates Attacks by demonstrators

Indian Prime Minister Nehru apologizes and expresses deep regret to foreign missions and consulates in New Delhi that were attacked by Indian demonstrators and offers to pay full compensation for damage.

“Nehru Offers Compensation.” New York Times. August 18, 1955.
1955 1955:USA-Japan U.S. pays $2 million in restitution for a 1954 nuclear test

The U.S. pays $2 million in restitution for a 1954 nuclear test that accidentally exposed the Japanese fishing vessel the Lucky Dragon to radiation some 80 miles away from the test site on the Bikini Atoll.

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bomb/peopleevents/pandeAMEX51.html
11 May 1956 1956: Britain - Soviet Union

Great Britain apologizes to the Soviet Union for the Royal navy spying on Soviet warships.

“Soviet Receives British Apology in Frogman Case.” New York Times. May 12, 1956.
4 October 1960 1960: Soviet Union-USA Demand for U.S. apology for spying

 At the United Nations, Soviet Premier Khrushchev demands that the U.S. apologize for recent spying activity, which he termed “unprecedented treacherous acts,” before there can be any improvement in Soviet-U.S. relations.

Welles, Benjamin. “Premier Insists on U.S. Apology.” New York Times. October 4, 1960.
1963 1963: USA -African Americans compensation for the exploitation and humiliation of the Negro in American down through the centuries

The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. writes, “No amount of gold could provide adequate compensation for the exploitation and humiliation of the Negro in American down through the centuries.”  Yet he calls for compensation for unpaid wages.

King, M. L. Why We Can’t Wait. 1963. p150-2.
9 May 1964 1964: South Vietnam-Cambodia straying into Cambodian territory

South Vietnam apologizes for its troops “unintentionally straying” into Cambodian territory yesterday during military action against the Communist forces.

“Saigon Sends an Apology.” New York Times. May 9, 1964.
17 February 1965 1965: Japan-South Korea Relations

 In South Korea, Japanese Foreign Minister Shinna Etsusaburo expresses “sincere regret” and “deep remorse” over the “unfortunate period” in relations between the two countries.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p155.
18 March 1965 1965: USA Alabama apologizes to Civil Rights Demonstrators

The sheriff of Montgomery County, Alabama apologizes for routing 600 civil rights demonstrators with horses and clubs yesterday.

Reed, Roy. “Accord Reached In Montgomery.” New York Times. March 18, 1965.
28 October 1965 1965: Catholic church Jewish condemnation

In a declaration entitled “Nostra Aetate,” the Second Vatican Council reverses the traditional condemnation of Jews as the murderers of Jesus

Wiesel, Elie. “Nostra Aetate: An Observer’s Perspective.” Thought. December, 1992; Banki, Judith H. “The Church and the Jews.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies. Summer, 1997.
1965 1965: Japan-South Korea issue apology” for Japan’s 36-year colonial rule.

A joint statement issued by the foreign ministers of Japan and South Korea includes “twenty vague words of apology” for Japan’s 36-year colonial rule.

 

hriver, Donald W., Jr. An Ethic for Enemies. Oxford, 1995. p135.
31 August 1966 1966: Arkansas Governor- 25 Africans refused service at a cafe

Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus apologizes after 25 Africans are refused service at a cafe.

“Africans, Rebuffed in Cafe, Get Apology From Faubus.” New York Times. September 1, 1966.
10 June 1967 1967: Israel-U.S. Attack on the spy ship the U.S.S. Liberty

Israel apologizes to the U.S. for attacking the spy ship the U.S.S. Liberty in the eastern Mediterranean two days earlier.  Thirty-four people were killed and 171 were wounded in the attack, which was apparently a case of mistaken identity during the Six Days War.  Israel later agrees to pay $12.7 in damages.

Crewdson, John. “New revelations in attack on American spy ship.” Chicago Tribune. October 2, 2007; Jacobson, Walter L. “A Juridical Examination of the Israeli Attack on the USS Liberty.” Naval Law Review. Vol. 36. Winter, 1986.
27 July 1967 1967: U.S. President proclaims a national day of prayer and reconciliation after racial riots

U.S. President Lyndon Johnson proclaims a national day of prayer and reconciliation after racial riots in Detroit kill 40 people, injure 2,000 people, and destroy 5,000 homes.

Taylor, Tim. The Book of Presidents. Arno, 1972. p563.
23 October 1968 1968: Egyptian- Israel Demand for Israel apology over agression

 Egyptian Foreign Minister Mahmoud Riad demands that Israel apologize to Arab states for its “aggression” in 1967

Middleton, Drew. “Egypt Demands Israeli Apology.” New York Times. October 23, 1968.
21 December 1968 1968: The United States- North Korea U.S. apology over territorial waters

The United States signs an apology prepared by North Korea, admitting that the U.S.S. Pueblo violated North Korean territorial waters.  The admission gains the release of the captured U.S. crew but not the ship.

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p104.
14 December 1970 1970: West German Chancellor express guilt for the Holocaust

 At the site of the Warsaw ghetto, West German Chancellor Willy Brandt falls to his knees to express the guilt, sorrow, and responsibility of Germany for the Holocaust.

Schiller, Bill. “World Bids Final Farewell to Conciliator Willy Brandt.” Toronto Star. October 18, 1992.
16 November 1971 1971: Japanese Emperor Hirohito says his personally sorry for certain things in World War II

In his first meeting with foreign journalists, Japanese Emperor Hirohito says about World War II, “Yes, there are certain things which happened for which I feel personally sorry.”

“Japan’s Apologies for World War II.” New York Times. August 14, 2015.
25 September 1972 1972: Japan-China Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka realizes damage to the Chinese people through war

Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka tells visiting Chinese Premier Chou En-lai that “Japan realizes her heavy responsibility in causing enormous damage to the Chinese people in the past through the war.”

 

hriver, Donald W., Jr. An Ethic for Enemies. Oxford, 1995. p136.
3 October 1975 1975: Japan-USA Emperor Hirohito places a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier ery,

Japanese Emperor Hirohito places a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier in Arlington National Cemetery, one day after visiting the White House and calling World War II “that most unfortunate war which I deeply deplore.”

“Hirohito Honors War Dead.” The Victoria Advocate. October 4, 1975.
19 February 1976 1976: President Ford says the internment of Japanese Americans was “wrong”

 President Ford says the internment of Japanese Americans was “wrong” and officially revokes President Franklin Roosevelt’s exclusion order.

Shriver, Donald W., Jr. An Ethic for Enemies. Oxford, 1995. p165.
25 June 1976 1976: Missouri and the expulsion of Mormons

Missouri Governor Kitt Bond issues an executive order to rescind and express regret for an 1838 order by the Missouri Governor that called for the extermination or expulsion of Mormons.

 

 

Lloyd, R. Scott. “Former Missouri governor honored for rescinding Mormon ‘extermination order.’” Deseret News. May 31, 2010.
1977 1977:Spain grants an amnesty to Gen Franco's collaborators

Two years after the death of Gen. Francisco Franco, Spain grants an amnesty to his collaborators in order to help the divided nation heal and to facilitate the transition to democracy.

Sciolino, Elaine and Emma Daly. “Spaniards at Last Confront the Ghost of Franco.” New York Times. November 11, 2002.
10 April 1979 1979: Egypt rejects a demand by Israel to apologize

 Egypt rejects a demand by Israel to apologize for offering to aide Syria.

 

 

“Egypt Bars Apology to Israel for Private Speculation on Aiding Syria.” New York Times. April 11, 1979.
19 September 1980 1980: USA-Iran USA release of American hostages

 President Carter refuses to apologize to Iran in order to secure the release of American hostages

Gwertzman, Bernard. “President rules out apology to Iranians to free hostages.” New York Times. September 19, 1980.
September 1980 1980: Iran-USA Iran drops demand that the U.S. apologize

Iran drops its demand that the U.S. apologize for past policies towards Iran, as a precondition for resolving the hostage crisis.

Kaufman, Burton. The Presidency of James Earl Carter. Kansas, 1993. p203.
1 November 1981 1981: Sweden says that the Soviet apology insufficient

Sweden says that the Soviet apology regarding the stranded submarine is insufficient, but the submarine and its crew are released.

“Sweden maintains tough line on sub.” New York Times. November 1, 1981.
30 October 1981 1981: Soviet Union-Sweden Soviet Union conveys “unreserved formal regrets”

 The Soviet ambassador to Sweden conveys “unreserved formal regrets” to the Swedish foreign minister over a Soviet submarine that ran aground in Swedish territorial waters

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p105.
26 October 1983 1983: USA -Britain U.S. invasion of Grenada.

Ronald Reagan apologizes to Margaret Thatcher for not warning her in advance of the U.S. invasion of Grenada.

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/nov/10/reagan-apologise-angry-thatcher-grenada-white-house-tapes
3 September 1983 1983: South Korea- Soviet Union demands Soviet Union apologize for flight 007

South Korea demands that the Soviet Union apologize and provide reparations for shooting down Korean Air Lines flight 007 on September 1, killing all 240 passengers and 29 crew members on board.

Lohr, Steve. “Koreans demand apology and money from Russians.” New York Times. September 3, 1983.
August 1983 1983: The United- France apology for escape of Nazi war criminal to Bolivia

The United States formally apologizes to France for having helped Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie escape to Bolivia to avoid prosecution after World War II.

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p106.
June 1983 1983: The USA-Japanese compensation to interned Japanese Americans

The U.S. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians recommends that Congress pass legislation providing an official apology and compensation to interned Japanese Americans.

Personal Justice Denied. Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, 1996. p456.
25 June 1983 1983: The USA-Marshall Islands sign a compact

The U.S. and the Marshall Islands sign a compact under which the U.S. will establish the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal to grant compensation for injury resulting from nuclear testing in the 1950s.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bomb/peopleevents/pandeAMEX51.html
1984 1984: Japan -South Korea World War II

September 7, 1984:  Alluding to World War II, Japanese Emperor Hirohito tells the visiting South Korean President that “it is regrettable that there was an unfortunate period in this century.”

Shriver, Donald W., Jr. An Ethic for Enemies. Oxford, 1995. p135.
8 May 1985 1985: West German President stresses the importance of remembering, guilt

In a speech to Parliament, West German President Richard von Weizsacker stresses the importance of remembering, guilt, and reconciliation.

Krondorfer, Bjorn. Remembrance and Reconciliation. Yale, 1995.
18 November 1985 1985: Philadelphia Mayor W. Wilson Goode apologizes for the Move disaster

 Philadelphia Mayor W. Wilson Goode apologizes for the Move disaster that left 11 people dead, 61 houses destroyed by fire, and 250 people homeless.

“Did I Make a Mistake? Yes.” Time. November 18, 1985. p47.
23 October 1985 1985: Japan-United Nations Apology for world War II

In an address to the United Nations, Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone apologizes for Japan’s role in World War II.

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p106.
August 1985 1985: U.S., Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes to Desmond Tutu

 In the U.S., the Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes for having called Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa a “phony.”

“Falwell Offers Tutu Qualified Apology.” Los Angeles Times. August 24, 1985.
1986 1986: Massachusettspasses the first law in the U.S to protect apologies

Massachusetts passes the first law in the U.S. to protect apologies from legal proceedings, such that an expression of sympathy cannot be regarded as admitting liability.

Rehm, Peter H. and Denise R. Beatty. “Legal Consequences of Apologizing.” Journal of Dispute Resolution. Volume 1996, Issue 1.
3 October 1986 1986: Japan- USA Ethnic minorities in the U.S.

 Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone apologizes for making offensive remarks about ethnic minorities in the U.S.

“The Apology in Japan: Mea Culpa Spoken Here.” New York Times. October 4, 1986.
17 August 1986 1986: The United Church of Canada- Canada’s native peoples Official apology

The United Church of Canada officially apologizes to Canada’s native peoples for past wrongs inflicted by the church.

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p109-110.
27 June 1987 1987: Televangelist- apology for adulterous relationship

 Former PTL televangelist Jim Bakker repeats an apology to Jessica Hahn, with whom he had an adulterous relationship seven years earlier.

“Jim Bakker Offers Apology To Jessica Hahn With PM-PTL.” Associated Press. June 24, 1987.
4 March 1987 1987: USA-Iran Iran-Contra

Ronald Reagan admits wrongdoing in the Iran-Contra scandal but offers no apology.

Troy, Gil. Morning in America. Princeton, 2005. p250.
May 1988 1988: Soviet Union-USA Death of death of U.S. Major Arthur Nicholson

At a summit conference in Moscow, Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov apologizes to U.S. Defense Secretary Frank Carlucci for the shooting death of U.S. Major Arthur Nicholson by a Soviet sentry in 1985 in East Germany.

“Soviets regret killing of U.S. major in 1985.” New York Times. June 15, 1988.
3 July 1988 1988: USA-Iran U.S. downing of an Iranian passenger jet

President Reagan expresses regret to Iran over the U.S. downing of an Iranian passenger jet over the Persian Gulf that killed all 290 persons aboard.

Moore, Molly and Bill McAllister. “Reagan Apologized to Iran for Downing of Jetliner.” Washington Post. July 6, 1988.
22 February 1988 1988: Televangelist confesses begs your forgiveness

Responding to allegations of frequenting prostitutes, televangelist Jimmy Swaggart confesses to 8,000 parishioners and says he will step down from the leadership of his ministry, saying, “Oh, I have sinned against you, and I beg your forgiveness.”

King, Wayne. “Swaggart Says He Has Sinned; Will Step Down.” New York Times. February 22, 1988.
10 August 1988 1988: U.S. President signs into law the Civil Liberties Act of 1988

 U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs into law the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.  The act apologizes on behalf of the people of the U.S. for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II.  The Act also authorizes $1.2 billion for payments of $20,000 to each of the roughly 60,000 internees still alive and for the establishment of a $50 million foundation to promote the cultural and historical concerns of Japanese Americans. The act also includes the Aleut Restitution Act, formally apologizing for forcibly evacuating Aleutian Islanders after a series of Japanese attacks in World War and interning the evacuees in southeastern Alaska, where many of them died.  The U.S. also pays compensation of $12,000 to each of the few hundred survivors.

Japanese Relocation.” 1943. (Film.); Cose, Ellis. “Forgive and Forget?” Newsweek. April 21, 1997; Wink, Walter. “Excuse Me!” The Christian Century. October 21, 1998; Irons, Peter, ed. Justice Delayed. Wesleyan, 1989; Horwitz, Tony. Blue Lat
22 December 1988 1988: South Korea grants an amnesty for 281 political prisoners

South Korean President Roh Tae Woo grants an amnesty for 281 political prisoners.

“Amnesty From Seoul Releases 218 Jailed On Political Charges.” New York Times. December 22, 1988.
23 November 1988 1988: South Korean -Abuses by president

 Former South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan apologizes to the nation for abuses during his eight years in power and says he is prepared to be punished.

Mydans, Seth. “Korean Ex-President Offers His Apology For Abuse of Power.” New York Times. November 23, 1988.
22 September 1988 1988: Canada-Japanese Canadians redress agreement for Japanese Canadians

Canadian Prime Minister Peter Mulroney apologizes to Japanese Canadians for wrongs committed during World War II and signs a redress agreement.

http://redressanniversary.najc.ca/redress/
18 August 1988 1988: Canada’s All-Native Circle -United Church of Canada acknowledgement of 1986 apology

Canada’s All-Native Circle Conference officially acknowledges but does not accept the August, 1986 apology from the United Church of Canada for past wrongs inflicted on them.

Tavuchis, Nicholas. Mea Culpa. Stanford, 1991. p111.
31 December 1989 1989: The USA- Nicaragua apology to Nicaragua

The U.S. apologizes to Nicaragua for the search of the Nicaraguan ambassador’s residence in Panama City by American troops.

Friedman, Thomas. “U.S. admits error in entering home of Managua envoy.” New York Times. December 31, 1989.
February 1989 1989: South Dakota- Reconciliation between Indians and whites

South Dakota Governor George Mickelson proclaims 1990 the Year of Reconciliation between Indians and whites, to mark the 100th anniversary of the killing of some 150 Sioux Indians by the U.S. Cavalry at Wounded Knee.

Worthington, Rogers. “100 Years After Death Of Sitting Bull, South Dakotans Pass The Peace Pipe.” Chicago Tribune. September 4, 1990.
18 February 1989 1989: Iranian president Hojatolislam Ali Khamenei says death threat could be lifted if Rushdie were to apologize for his book “The Satanic Verses

Iranian president Hojatolislam Ali Khamenei says that the death threat for author Salman Rushdie could be lifted if Rushdie were to apologize for his book “The Satanic Verses.”

Ibrahim, Youssef M. “Iranian qualifies threat to author.” New York Times. February 18, 1989.
13 April 1990 1990: East German Apologizes for Nazi crimes and to Israel

After 40 years of denial, the new East German parliament issues an apology for Nazi crimes and says it is willing to pay reparations and to seek ties with Israel.

Protzman, Ferdinand. “The East Germans issue an apology for Nazis’ crimes.” New York Times. April 13, 1990.
13 April 1990 1990: Soviet Union -Poland Soviet Union accepts responsibility for the 1940 massacre of Polish POWs

Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev admits the Soviet Union was responsible for the 1940 massacre of Polish POWs at the Katyn forest.

Bohlen, Celestine. “Russian Files Show Stalin Ordered Massacre of 20,000 Poles in 1940.” New York Times. October 15, 1992; Boyes, Roger. “Yeltsin Snubs Katyn Massacre Ceremony.” The Times. (London) June 6, 1995.
April 1990 1990: Chilean President creates a Truth and Reconciliation Commission

 Chilean President Patricio Aylwin creates a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Weissbrodt, David and Paul W. Fraser. Book Review. Human Rights Quarterly. V 14, N 4 (November, 1992).
4 March 1990 1990: Chilean President asks forgiveness from families of the victims of repression during the country’s dictatorship

Chilean President Patricia Aylwin asks forgiveness from families of the victims of repression during the country’s dictatorship.

http://www.chile-riga.com/reports/ChileReports15.pdf
5 May 1990 1990: Ohio Governor Richard F. Celeste apologizes for the 1970 Kent State shootings

Ohio Governor Richard F. Celeste apologizes for the 1970 Kent State shootings.  (Celeste took office twelve years after the shootings.)

Dionne, E.J., Jr. “After 20 Years, Apologies for Kent State Dead.” Washington Post. May 5, 1990.
6 July 1990 1999: Iran USA downing of an Iranian passenger jet

Iran asks the U.S. for an official apology to the Iranian government and nation for the July, 1988 downing of an Iranian passenger jet.  (President Reagan expressed regret in 1988.)

“Iran Demands U.S. Apology for Downing.” Xinhua News Agency. July 6, 1999.
27 May 1990 1990: South Korea-Japan Occupation of Korea

South Korean leader Roh Tae Woo accepts Japanese Emperor Akihito’s words of regret for the occupation of Korea from 1910 to 1945.

“South Korean leader accepts Japanese Emperor’s apology.” New York Times. May 27, 1990.
7 December 1991 1991: Japanese parliament considers apologizing for the Pearl Habour attack but decides not to do so

On the 50th anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack, the Japanese parliament considers apologizing for the attack but decides not to do so.

Sowell, Thomas. “Let the Dead Bury Their Dead.” Forbes. February 3, 1992.
4 December 1991 1991: Japan expresses “deep remorse” for the wartime suffering

 Japanese Foreign Minister Michio Watanabe expresses “deep remorse” for the wartime suffering that followed Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor.

Asada, Sadao. “The Mushroom Cloud and National Psyches.” [In Hein, Laura and Mark Selden, eds. Living With The Bomb. M.E. Scharpe, 1997.] p182.
1 December 1991 1991: USA refuses to apologize for the use of atomic bombs in World War II

U.S. President George H.W. Bush refuses to apologize for the use of atomic bombs in World War II.

Hein, Laura and Mark Selden, eds. Living With The Bomb. M.E. Scharpe, 1997. p182.
18 October 1991 1991: Russia enacts a law “On the Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repression

Russia enacts a law “On the Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repression.

 

 

Adler, Nancy. The Gulag Survivor. Transaction Publishers, 2004. p31.
August 1991 1991: The mayor of Honolulu invites Japanese officials to a ceremony to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor-Japan Refuses

The mayor of Honolulu invites Japanese officials to a ceremony to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, but on the condition that they apologize for the war.  The Japanese spokesman Ishihara Nobuo refuses, saying “the entire world is responsible for the war.”

Daizaburo, Y.U.I. “Between Pearl Harbor and Hiroshima/Nagasaki.” [In Hein, Laura and Mark Selden, eds. Living With The Bomb. M.E. Scharpe, 1997.] p61.
December 1992 1992: Australia- Aborigines acknowledgement of wrongs done to Aborigines

 Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating acknowledges wrongs done to Aborigines.

“The Leaders’ Apologies.” The Guardian. October 13, 1993.
November 1992 1992: Russian-Korean Apology for the downing of a Korea Airlines jet

Russian President Boris Yeltsin apologizes for the Soviet downing of a Korean Airlines jet with 269 people aboard in 1983.

Jameson, Sam and John-Thor Dalhburg. “Yeltsin to Seoul.” Los Angeles Times. October 20, 1992.
31 October 1992 1992: The Catholic Church begs pardon for placing Galileo Galilei under life-long house

The Catholic Church begs pardon for placing Galileo Galilei under life-long house arrest in 1633.

 

“Um, Sorry About That.” Time. October 13, 1997.
23 October 1992 1992: Japanese Emperor Akihito expresses his sorrow for Japan’s wartime abuses

 During a royal visit to China, Japanese Emperor Akihito expresses his sorrow for Japan’s wartime abuses.

“Japan’s War With China, Revisited.” The Economist. September 6, 1997.
July 1992 1992: France-Jewish Community Complicity in persecution of Jews

On the 50th anniversary of the roundup of Parisian Jews, French President Francois Miterand refuses to apologize for French complicity in the persecution of Jews.

ooth, W. James. “Communities of Memory: On Identity, Memory, and Debt.” American Political Science Review. June, 1999.
18 January 1992 1992: Japanese apology for Japan’s use of “comfort women"

 Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologizes for Japan’s use of “comfort women.”

“Japan Apologizes for Sex Slaves.” Columbia Daily Tribune. January 18, 1992. [Cited in Benoit, p4.]
6 August 1993 1993: The Anglican Church of Canada- Native peoples- abuse at residential schools

The Anglican Church of Canada apologizes to native peoples for abuse at residential schools.

 

http://www.anglican.ca/relationships/trc/apology/english
9 August 1993 1993: Catholic Church involvement with the African slave trade

Pope John Paul II apologizes for Catholic involvement with the African slave trade.

 

Leo, John. “So Who’s Sorry Now.” U.S. News & World Report. June 30, 1997.
15 August 1993 1993: Japan World War II was a mistake

Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa declares that World War II was a mistake and an act of aggression.

Field, Norma. “The Stakes of Apology.” Japan Quarterly. October-December, 1995.
23 August 1993 1993: Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa conveys remorse that the country’s past acts of aggression and colonial rule caused unbearable suffering and sorrow for so many people

Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa uses his first parliamentary policy address to convey “a feeling of deep remorse and apologies for the fact that our country’s past acts of aggression and colonial rule caused unbearable suffering and sorrow for so many people.”

Berger, Michael. “The Hidden Japanese; Rites of Summer.” The New Leader. September 6, 1993.
29 August 1993 1993: South African President F.W. de Klerk apologizes for apartheid

 South African President F.W. de Klerk apologizes for apartheid.

“The Leaders’ Apologies.” The Guardian. October 13, 1993.
31 August 1993 1993: Nelson Mandela -African National Congress' suspected enemies Apology for attrocities

Nelson Mandela apologizes for atrocities allegedly committed by the African National Congress against suspected enemies.

“Who’s Sorry Now?” Time. September 13, 1993.
20 September 1993 1993: Japan apologizes for suffering caused by Japan in World War II

 Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa apologizes for suffering caused by Japan in World War II.

“The Leaders’ Apologies.” The Guardian. October 13, 1993.
1 October 1993 1993: USA-Japanese Americans redress payments for Japanese Americans

U.S. President Bill Clinton issues a letter of apology accompanying redress payments for Japanese Americans who were interned during World War II.

www.pbs.org/childrenofcamp/history/clinton.html.
12 September 1993 1993: Russia- Japan Japanese POWs

 Russian President Boris Yeltsin apologizes for the internment of 600,000 Japanese POWs in Siberia after World War II.

Kawauchi, Tomaki. “POW Apology Seen Aimed at Russian Public Opinion.” Daily Yomiuri. October 13, 1993; “The Leaders’ Apologies.” The Guardian. October 13, 1993.
6 November 1993 1993: South Korea, Japan World War II

In South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa apologizes to South Korean President Kim Young Sam for Japan’s wartime actions.

Massayuki, Mizuno. “Hosokawa Apologizes.” Daily Yomiuri. November 7, 1993.
15 November 1993 1993: USA native Hawaiians Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii

The U.S. House passes U.S. Public Law 103-150: “To acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893 [sic] of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to offer an apology to native Hawaiians on behalf of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.”

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
23 April 1994 1994: First Lady Hillary Clinton Whitewater scandal

First Lady Hillary Clinton apologizes for confusion in her responses to questions about the Whitewater scandal.

Ifill, Gwen. “Hillary Clinton takes Questions on Whitewater: Apology for Confusion.” New York Times. April 23, 1994.
April 1994 1994: German- Netherlands German Christians apologize for the Nazi invasion

German Christians apologize to the Dutch for the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands in World War II.

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995.
4 May 1994 1994: Florida -Survivors and descendants of the 1923 Rosewood massacre

The Florida state legislature agrees to compensate survivors and descendants of the 1923 Rosewood massacre.

 

http://www.rosewoodflorida.com/history.html
9 June 1994 1994: The Presbyterian Church of Canada apologizes for helping the government of Canada try to assimilate native peoples

The Presbyterian Church of Canada apologizes for helping the government of Canada try to assimilate native peoples.

http://presbyterian.ca/healing/
14 June 1994 1994: U.S. Republican political strategist apologizes to African-American ministers

U.S. Republican political strategist Ed Rollins apologizes to African-American ministers for the use of a controversial political strategy.

McLarin, Kimberley. “Ed Rollins Offers Apology to Black Ministers in Person.” New York Times. 6/15/94.
15 August 1994 1994: Japan apologizes for the suffering caused by Imperial Japan

 Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama apologizes for the suffering caused by Imperial Japan and concedes that other Asians suffered “tragic sacrifices beyond description.”

 

Dower, John W. “Triumphal and Tragic Narratives of the War in Asia.” [In Hein, Laura and Mark Selden, eds. Living With The Bomb. M.E. Scharpe, 1997.] p49; “War Shadows: Japan.” The Economist. August 20, 1994.
August 1994 1994: Germany -Poland World War II

German President Roman Herzog asks the Polish people for forgiveness for the “inordinate suffering” inflicted on their country during World War II.

Malcolm-Smith, Sally. “Germany Apologizes for Polish Suffering.” Daily Telegraph. August 2, 1994.
1994 1994: The Catholic Church- ecclesiastical sins

The Catholic Church announces a commitment “to repent of past ecclesiastical sins as prelude to the celebration of Christianity’s third millennium.  ‘It is time,’ John Paul says, ‘to examine the past with courage, to assign responsibility where it is due in a review of the long history of humanity.’”

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995.
1994 1994 Historian Eugene Genovese- communism

 Leftist historian Eugene Genovese argues in the journal Dissent that the American left should apologize for its complicity in immoral acts committed by communism.

Elson, John. “In search of apologies.” Time. August 22, 1994. [See Dissent. Summer, 1994.]
15 August 1995 1995:Japan-Resolution to Renew the Determination for Peace

On the 50th anniversary of Japan’s surrender, Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama issues a statement of “heartfelt apologies” for Japan’s aggression.  On the same date as Murayama’s statement, the National Diet adopts a “Resolution to Renew the Determination for Peace on the Basis of Lessons Learned from History.”

hornton, Emily. “Final Mea Culpa?” Far Eastern Economic Review. August 24, 1995; Desmond, Edward W. “Finally, a Real Apology.” Time. August 28, 1995; Mukae, Ryuji. “Japan’s Diet Resolution on World War II: Keeping History at Bay.” Asian Survey.
July 1995 1995: France apologizes for helping the Nazis in deporting French Jews to death camps

On the 53rd anniversary of the roundup of 13,000 Parisian Jews, French President Jacques Chirac apologizes for the help the Vichy government gave the Nazis in deporting 320,000 French Jews to death camps.

 

Wickham, DeWayne. “Why Clinton Must Stop Dodging Slavery Apology.” USA Today. Dec 16, 1997.
July 1995 1995: Japan- women who were put into brothels by Japanese forces

 Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama apologizes to the roughly 200,000 women who were put into brothels by Japanese forces to serve as sex slaves or “comfort women” and sets up a private “Asian Women’s Fund” to deal with reparations.  The fund is “an expression on the part of the people of Japan to these women.” 

“Cold Comfort: Japan.” The Economist. May 18, 1996; Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
10 July 1995 1995: Catholic Church-Women’s rights

In an open letter addressed to “every woman,” Pope John Paul II apologizes for the Church’s stance against women’s rights and for the historical denigration of women.

“Um, Sorry About That.” Time. October 13, 1997.
June 1995 1995: Japan strives for world peace

 Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama says, “I would like to say that Japan is deeply remorseful for its past and strives for world peace.”

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
14 June 1995 1995: Peru amnesty for people charged with human rights abuses

Peruvian President Fujimori signs into law an amnesty for people charged with human rights abuses between 1982 and 1995.

“Fujimori Denies Rights Abuses.” New York Times. December 27, 2007.
May 1995 1995: Russia unveils a monument to the millions of victims of Stalin

Petersburg, Russia unveils a monument to the millions of victims of Stalin and others during the Soviet regime.  The monument consists of two sphinxes, situated across from the former KGB building where many political prisoners were taken for interrogation.

Graeme, Chris and Alice Jondorf. “Riddle of the sphinx is broken.” Prospects. (The English-language newspaper of St. Petersburg, Russia.) No. 107. May 23-29, 1995.
May 1995 1995: Catholic Church-Czech Republic stake burnings

Pope John Paul II begs forgiveness in the Czech Republic for the Church’s role in stake burnings and the religious wars that followed the Protestant Reformation.

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995; “Um, Sorry About That.” Time. October 13, 1997.
March 1995 1995: The Jesuits’ general congregation apologizes for abetting “male domination” and pledged “solidarity with women

The Jesuits’ general congregation apologizes for abetting “male domination” and pledged “solidarity with women.”

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995.
March 1995 1995: Lithuanian - Israeli the Holocaust

Lithuanian President Algirdas Brazauskas asks the Israeli Knesset for forgiveness for Lithuania’s deeds in the Holocaust.

Bushinsky, Jay. “Asking Forgiveness is Just First Step.” Chicago Sun-Times. March 6, 1995.
11 March 1995 1995 Alabama Governor George Wallace apologizes to civil rights advocates for resisting desegregation

On the thirtieth anniversary of the Selma-to-Montgomery civil rights march, former Alabama Governor George Wallace apologizes to civil rights advocates for resisting desegregation.

Bragg, Rick. “Repentant George Wallace Meets Civil-Rights Marchers.” New York Times. March 11, 1995.
October 1995 1995: Switzerland’s refusal to accept refugees during the war

Swiss president Kaspar Villiger apologizes for Switzerland’s refusal to accept refugees during the war.

“Switzerland Repeats 1995 Apology Over Deeds During World War Two.” Xinhua News Agency. December 10, 1999.
June 1995 1995: The International Red Cross Nazi atrocities during World War II

The International Red Cross apologizes for its failure in not denouncing Nazi atrocities during World War II, saying “Our failure to speak out at that time was a moral defeat.”

 

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
November 1995 1995: Britain Occupying New Zealand Maori land in 1863

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain approves legislation which “apologizes unreservedly” to New Zealand Maori for taking their land in 1863.  The legislation included a payment of $112 million and the return of 39,000 acres to the Tainui people.

 

 

“Elizabeth II to Approve Maori Land Settlement.” New York Times. November 2, 1995.
December 1996 1996: Japan- 500 survivors of the 200,000 “comfort women,”

Japanese Prime Minister Ryutara Hashimoto offers a letter of apology and monetary reparations to 500 survivors of the 200,000 “comfort women,” but only six accept.

 

Minow, Martha. Between Vengeance and Forgiveness. Beacon, 1998. p105.
December 1996 1996: Energy Secretary Hazel O’Leary apologizes to Families of 11 other citizens injected with radiation

Energy Secretary Hazel O’Leary apologizes to the last survivor and announces a $4.8 million settlement for the families of 11 other citizens injected with radiation for experiments on radiation exposure between 1944 and 1974.

August 1996 1996: Former South African president F.W. de Klerk apologizes to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

 Former South African president F.W. de Klerk apologizes to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission for the “many unacceptable things that occurred during the government of his National Party.

“Apology for Apartheid.” Maclean’s. September 2, 1996.
24 April 1996 1996: PLF apologizes for killing disabled American Leon Klinghoffer

Palestinian terrorist Mohammad (Abu) Abbas of the PLF apologizes for killing disabled American Leon Klinghoffer during the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Largo cruise ship.  A U.S. State Department spokesperson rejects the apology.

“U.S. rejects terrorist’s apology for Klinghoffer murder.” www.cnn.com. April 24, 1996.
26 May 1997 1997: Australia’s parliament tables a report on the removal of aboriginal children-Recommends an apology

Australia’s parliament tables a report on the removal of aboriginal children, which recommends an apology.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p163.
15 April 1997 1997: USA apology for the 48-year Tuskegee Syphilis Study

 U.S. President Clinton holds a White House ceremony to apologize for the 48-year Tuskegee Syphilis Study by the U.S. Public Health Service that withheld medical treatment of the disease.  Five of the eight remaining survivors of the study attended the White House ceremony.

Cose, Ellis. “Forgive and Forget?” Newsweek. April 21, 1997.
14 May 1997 1997: South Africa’s F.W. de Klerk makes a renewed apology for apartheid

At South Africa’s TRC, National party leader F.W. de Klerk makes a renewed apology for apartheid.

http://www.justice.gov.za/trc/media/1997/9705/s970514a.htm. Marrus, Michael R. “Official Apologies and the Quest for Historical Justice.” Controversies in Global Politics & Societies. Munk Centre, University of Toronto. 2006.
April 1997 1997: Grenada Imprisoned leaders of the marxist New Jewel Movement (NJM),apologize

Imprisoned leaders of the marxist New Jewel Movement (NJM), which ruled Grenada from 1979 to 1983, issue a letter apologizing for their regime’s acts, especially the killing of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.

Coard, Bernard. “Revolutionary Regrets.” Harper’s Magazine. April, 1997.
8 April 1997 1997: The CIA apologizes to veterans of the Gulf War

The CIA apologizes to veterans of the Gulf War for failing to alert the military to the danger of old chemical weapons that were stored in a depot, which U.S. troops blew up in the Persian Gulf War.

McAllister, Bill. “CIA Knew In ’84 of Iraq Poison Gas.” Washington Post. April 10, 1997.
22 January 1997 1997: Germany and the Czech Republic conflicts in the 1930s and 1940s

In a joint declaration, foreign ministers from Germany and the Czech Republic apologize to each other for conflicts in the 1930s and 1940s.

Caryl, Christian. “After a half a century, an apology exchange.” U.S. News & World Report. December 23, 1996.
15 January 1997 1997: Switzerland- Jewish organizations seeking compensation for Holocaust

Swiss President Jean-Pascal Delamuraz apologizes for deriding as “blackmailers” the Jewish organizations seeking compensation for Holocaust survivors whose assets were held by Swiss banks.

Martin, Gordon. “Swiss ‘Blackmail’ Apology.” Daily Telegraph. January 16, 1997.
August 1997 1995: Australia Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission apology for forcibly removing mixed-blood children

The Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission issues a report recommending an apology and reparations for the Australian government’s policy of forcibly removing mixed-blood children from aboriginal families between 1910 and 1970.

 
Wayne, Anne. “Who’s sorry now? When a nation apologizes.” Sojourners. September-October, 1997; Leo, John. “So who’s sorry now.” U.S. News & World Report. June 30, 1997; Rose, Michael. “Down under: few funds, no apology.” World Press Review. Ma
18 May 1997 1997: Australia, apology to Aboriginal people

In Australia, New South Wales Premier Bob Carr issues an apology to Aboriginal people for the removal of generations of Aboriginal children from their families.

http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nsw/NE01264. I am indebted to Marilyn Hoey for this item.
June 1997 1997: Britain-Ireland Potato Famine

British Prime Minister Tony Blair expresses regret for English indifference to the plight of the Irish people during the Potato Famine of the 1840s.

Lyall, Sarah. “The Irish Famine and the English.” New York Times. June 8, 1997; Brown, Andrew. “Insincere Apologies.” World Press Review. October, 1997.
6 August 1997 1997: Internal Revenue Service IRS apology to four taxpayers (and by extension to all American taxpayers)

At the conclusion of U.S. Senate Finance committee hearings on Internal Revenue Service abuses, Acting IRS Commissioner Michael P. Dolan issues a public apology to four taxpayers (and by extension to all American taxpayers) for mistreatment at the hands of agency officials.

roder, John M. “Director of I.R.S. Issues an Apology for Agent Abuses.” New York Times. September 26, 1999.
25 September 1997 1997: Israeli's- Labor Party immigration in the 1950s

Ehud Barak asks forgiveness from Israelis of Middle-Eastern and North-African origin and seeks “their forgiveness” for what the “Labor Party had done to them” as immigrants to Israel during the 1950s.

Weingrod, Alex. “Ehud Barak’s Apology.” Israel Studies. Fall, 1998.
2 October 1997 1997: Indonesia-fires that caused pollution over much of southeast Asia

Indonesian President Suharto apologizes for the forest fires that caused pollution over much of southeast Asia.

Cohen, Margot and Murray Hiebert. “Where’s there’s smoke…” Far Eastern Economic Review. October 2, 1997.
8 October 1997 1997: International Red Cross-the Holocaust

George Willemin of the International Red Cross apologizes for the organization’s “moral failure” for keeping silent during the Holocaust.

“Red Cross official apologies for group’s stance in Holocaust.” www.jta.org. October 8, 1997.
10 October 1997 1997: Chicago City Council Apology-Catherine O’Leary and her cow The great fire of 1871

A Chicago City Council committee supports a resolution absolving Catherine O’Leary and her cow for blame for allegedly starting the great fire of 1871.

Knowlton, Brian. “American Topics: Mrs. O’Leary’s Cow Knew it All Along.” New York Times. October 10, 1997
14 October 1997 1997: Britain-India Amritsar (India) massacre

Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain pays homage and contrition for the 1912 Amritsar (India) massacre.

 

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p159.
October 1997 1997: Norway apologies for injustices against the Sami

Norwegian King Harold apologies for injustices against the Sami.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p159.
November 1997 1997: Russia apologizes for the mistakes of the Bolshevik Revolution,

Russian President Boris Yeltsin apologizes for the mistakes of the Bolshevik Revolution, on its 80th anniversary.

Bowman, James. “Sorry about that.” New Criterion. May, 1998.
7 January 1998 1998: Canada-Mistreatment of indigenous peoples

The Canadian government formally apologizes for its historic mistreatment of indigenous peoples.

DePalma, Anthony. “Canada’s Indigenous Tribes Receive Formal Apology.” New York Times. January 8, 1998; http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100015725/1100100015726
January 1998 1998: France- the “judicial error” of the Dreyfus affair

French President Jacques Chirac apologizes for the “judicial error” of the Dreyfus affair on the 100-year anniversary of Emile Zola’s “J-accuse.”

Bowman, James. “Sorry about that.” New Criterion. May, 1998; Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
January 1998 1998: Japan-Britain Japan’s treatment of British POWs

Japanese Prime Minister Ryutara Hashiomoto offers his “heartfelt apology” to the British government and expresses “Deep remorse” for Japan’s treatment of British POWs in World War II.

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998; Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
20 February 1998 1998: Anglican Church of Australia participation in removing aboriginal children

The Anglican Church of Australia apologizes for its participation in the policy of forcibly removing aboriginal children from their mothers.

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
16 March 1998 1998: Catholic Church-the Holocaust

The Vatican apologizes for its silence and inaction during the Holocaust.

Henry, Patrick. “The French Catholic Church’s Apology.” The French Review. May, 1999; Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
March 1998 1998: USA-Slavery

In Uganda, President Clinton says that “European Americans received the fruits of the slave trade.  And we were wrong in that.”

Brookhiser, Richard. “America the Apologetic.” American Heritage. December, 1998.
January 1998 1998: Britain-Northern Ireland “Bloody Sunday” massacre in Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister Tony Blair apologizes for the 1972 “Bloody Sunday” massacre in Northern Ireland.

Bowman, James. “Sorry About That.” New Criterion. May, 1998; Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
October 1998 1998: The United Church of Canada apology to former students of Indian residential schools

The United Church of Canada apologizes to former students of Indian residential schools.

http://www.united-church.ca/aboriginal/relationships/apologies
October 1998 1998: Argentina-Falklands War

Argentinian President Carlos Menem expresses regret over the Falklands War.

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
October 1998 1998: Japan- South Korean apology” for inflicting “heavy damage and pain” on Koreans

 Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi gives visiting South Korean President Kim Dae Jung a written statement saying that Japan “expressed deep remorse and extended a heartfelt apology” for inflicting “heavy damage and pain” on Koreans.

22 April 1998 1998: South Korean compensation from Japan for “comfort women”

South Korean President Kim Dae Woo announces that the South Korean government will end its efforts to gain official compensation from the Japanese government for “comfort women” but will still seek an official apology and will not prevent individuals from seeking compensation.

Strom, Stephanie. “Soul Won’t Seek Japan Funds for War’s Brothel Women.” New York Times. April 22, 1998.
27 March 1998 1998: Japan court dismisses claims from Korean “comfort women”

 A Japanese court dismisses claims from Korean “comfort women” for an official apology and compensation, saying that even though the women had suffered greatly, the Japanese government was under no legal obligation to provide either an apology or compensation.

Okada, Taihei. “Translations: The ‘Comfort Women’ Case.” 8 Pac. Rim L. & Pol’y. 63. January, 1999; Totsuka, Etsuro. “Translations: Commentary on a Victory for ‘Comfort Women.’” 8 Pac. Rim L. & Pol’y. 47. January, 1999.
27 April 1998 1998: The Germany-Bombing the Spanish village of Guernica

The German Parliament formally apologizes for bombing the Spanish village of Guernica on behalf of Gen. Francisco Franco on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.

Goodman, Al. “Spain: Parliament Blames Franco.” New York Times. June 25, 1999.
April 1998 1998: USA Mayor Rudolph Giuliani apologizes to the family of Yankel Rosenbaum,

In the name of all New Yorkers, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani apologizes to the family of Yankel Rosenbaum, a Hasidic man killed during the 1991 Crown Heights riots, and to the Hasidic community for the allegedly inadequate police response to the riots.  In the course of the apology, Giuliani also criticizes the family of a child whose death in an automobile sparked the riots.

Who’s sorry now?” Commonweal. April 24, 1998
26 May 1998 1998: Australia inaugural national Sorry Day, Aboriginal Australians

Australia holds its inaugural national Sorry Day, on the one-year anniversary of parliament tabling the “Bringing Them Home” report on the forcible removal of Aboriginal Australians.

http://www.nsdc.org.au/about-us/the-history-of-nsdc
May 1998 1998: Japan apologizes to Britain for World War II

 Japanese Emperor Akihito apologizes to Britain for World War II.

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
May 1998 1998: Australian “sorry books” for wrongs done to Aboriginal Australians

 Australian citizens sign “sorry books” for past wrongs done to Aboriginal Australians.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p165.
July 1998 1998: Britain Soldiers executed for cowardice in World War I

 British Armed Forces Minister John Reid apologizes in the House of Commons for the deaths of 306 soldiers executed for cowardice in World War I.

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
July 1998 1998: Russia reburies the remains of the Romanov family

In what Russian President Boris Yeltsin regards as a humane act of repentance, Russia reburies the remains of the Romanov family at a ceremony in the Petropavlovsky Cathedral in St. Petersburg, on the 80th anniversary of their execution by Bolshevik forces

Zarakhovich, Yuri. “Playing Politics with the Romanovs.” Time. August 26, 2007.
August 1998 1998: Ireland IRA blast in Omagh that killed 28 people

The “Real IRA,” a splinter group of the Irish Republican Army opposed to Northern Ireland’s 1998 peace agreement, admits responsibility for a blast in Omagh that killed 28 people and injured 220 others but not for the casualties, which it blames on authorities that supposedly did not heed the group’s warnings.

 

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
November 1998 1998: Catholic Church- India Colonial Association

The Catholic Priests’ Conference of India demands an apology from the Catholic Church for its association with colonial forces in Africa, Asia, and Latin America

Malcolm, Teresa. “Priests Demand Apology for Aiding of Colonialism.” National Catholic Reporter. November 20, 1998.
November 1998 1998: Indonesian armed forces death of a dozen demonstrators

Indonesian armed forces apologize in ads in local newspapers for killing a dozen demonstrators earlier in the month.

Whitaker, Raymond. “Flat Earth.” The Independent. November 22, 1998.
August 1998 1998: Northern Ireland IRA apologizes for violence and killings

August, 1998:  The Irish Republican Army apologizes for violence and killings in the course of its struggle for liberty and pledges to end its 23-year terror campaign.

 

 

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
August 1998 1998: Northern Ireland IRA apologizes for violence and killings

August, 1998:  The Irish Republican Army apologizes for violence and killings in the course of its struggle for liberty and pledges to end its 23-year terror campaign.

 

 

Askwith, Richard. “The Year of Saying Sorry.” Daily Telegraph. December 26, 1998.
14 March 1999 1999: Guatemala atrocities committed during their 36-year civil war

Former Guatemala rebels apologize for atrocities committed during their 36-year civil war.

“Former Rebels Issue Apology in Guatemala.” New York Times. March 14, 1999.
12 April 1999 1999: Germany-China NATO’s bombing of China’s Belgrade Embassy

 German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder meets with Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan and expresses an unconditional apology for NATO’s bombing of China’s Belgrade Embassy

“Schroder Expresses Unconditional Apology for Attack on Chinese Embassy.” Xinhua News Agency. May 12, 1999.
11 May 1999 1999: Ireland apologizes to survivors of child abuse in industrial and reform schools

The Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of Ireland apologizes to survivors of child abuse in industrial and reform schools.

http://www.rte.ie/news/1999/0511/1662-abuse/
10 May 1999 1999: U.S.-China NATO’s bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade

U.S. President Bill Clinton apologizes for NATO’s bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, which killed three Chinese and journalists and injured 20 others.

Perlez, Jane. “Crisis in the Balkans.” New York Times. May 11, 1999.
1999 1999: U.S.expresses remorse for support of right-wing governments in Guatemala

U.S. President Bill Clinton expresses remorse for U.S. support of right-wing governments in Guatemala that killed at least tens of thousands of rebels and Mayan Indians.

Broder, John M. “Clinton Offers His Apologies to Guatemala.” New York Times. March 11, 1999.
5 March 1999 1999: USA apologizes for deaths at Italian ski resort

 U.S. President Clinton apologizes for deaths at Italian ski resort caused by a U.S. jet striking a gondola cable. 

“The President’s news conference with Prime Minister Massimo D’Alema of Italy.” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documentaries. March 8, 1999.
3 February 1999 1999: USA Televangelist Antichrist is (or will be) Jewish

In the U.S., Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes for having said that the Antichrist is (or will be) Jewish.

“Falwell Apologizes After Angering Jews.” Los Angeles Times. February 3, 1999.
11 January 1999 1999: Rouge leaders, apologize to the Cambodian people

Two former Khmer Rouge leaders, Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea, apologize to the Cambodian people for the nearly two million people killed from 1975 to 1979.

Spaeth, Anthony. “Apologies and Outrage.” Time International. January 11, 1999; Mydans, Seth. “Word to the Dead: We’ve Put the Past to Rest.” New York Times. May 21, 1999.
7 January 1999 1999: U.S. Latin American Japanese World War II internees

 A U.S. federal judge approves a June, 1998 settlement between the U.S. government and Latin American Japanese World War II internees which will give then an official apology from President Clinton and reparations of $5,000 each.

WWII internees get 5,000 dollars, official apology.” Daily Yomiuri. January 9, 1999.
5 January 1999 1999: The U.S. Department of Agriculture -African American farmers lawsuit

The U.S. Department of Agriculture settles a 1996 class action lawsuit by agreeing to pay African American farmers $50,000 each, to compensate for a history of biased federal loan practices.

http://www.pbs.org/itvs/homecoming/history7.html
16 July 1999 1999: Christians-Jews The crusades

 After a “Reconciliation Walk” across Europe, several hundred members of a Christian group apologize to religious leaders in Jerusalem for the mass killings of Muslims, Jews, and Byzantine Christians 900 years ago during the Crusades.

Sontag, Deborah. “Israel: Apology for Crusades.” New York Times. July 16, 1999; Dixon, Thomas. “Crusaders to Enter Israel.” Christianity Today. April 5, 1999.
28 July 1999 1999: South Africa’s Natal Law Society,-barring Gandhi from practicing law

South Africa’s Natal Law Society, the equivalent of the bar association, apologizes “unconditionally” for barring Mohandas Gandhi from practicing law in 1894 because of his race.  David Randles, president of the Natal Law Society, made the apology to “all other aspirant lawyers whose access to the profession was restricted in any way on the basis of racial grounds.”

Daley, Suzanne. “For Gandhi (d. 1948), a Long Due Apology.” New York Times. July 29, 1999.
27 August 1999 1999: Australia apologizes for past mistreatment of Aborigines

 Australian Prime Minister John Howard apologizes for past mistreatment of Aborigines.

“Australia Apologizes for Treatment of Aborigines.” New York Times. August 27, 1999.
31 August 1999 1999: Japan upholds ruling rejecting demands from 369 South Koreans

The Tokyo High Court upholds a lower court’s ruling rejecting demands from 369 South Koreans for an official government apology and compensation.

 

“Japan: Koreans’ Plea Rejected.” New York Times. August 31, 1999.
3 September 1999 1999: Denmark Forced displacement of Greenland Inuits from their home

Denmark Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen apologizes for the way his country forced Greenland Inuits from their homes in 1953 to make room for an expansion of a U.S. airbase.



 

 

Denmark: Apology to Inuits.” New York Times. September 3, 1999.
8 September 1999 1999: New York Archbishop - Jewish friends

New York Archbishop John Cardinal O’Connor writes to his Jewish friends: “I ask this Yom Kippur that you understand my own abject sorrow for any member of the Catholic Church, high or low, including myself, who may have harmed you or your forbears in any way.”

NY Times. September 19, 1995. (Letter published by Victor Barnett, Elie Wiesel, and James Wolfensohn.)
13 September 1999 1999: Libya American and European reparations to Africans for slavery

Libyan leader Col. Moammar Kadhafi says Americans and European powers should apologize and pay reparations to Africans for slavery.

“Kadhafi Calls for Reparations.” Africa News Service. September 13, 1999.
15 September 1999 1999: Roman Catholic Church-“Duplessis Orphans”

Roman Catholic Church officials in Quebec announce that they will not apologize to aging “Duplessis Orphans” who suffered years of abuse while under the care of the church from the 1930s through the 1950s

“No Apology To Orphans, Quebec Church Says.” New York Times. September 16, 1999.
1 October 1999 1999: South Korean demonstrators demand that the U.S. apologize

South Korean demonstrators demand that the U.S. apologize for American soldiers allegedly killing hundreds of civilians in 1950 at the start of the Korean War.

Sims, Calvin. “South Koreans Call on U.S. to Apologize For Killings.” New York Times. October 2, 1999.
4 October 1999 1999 Israel- the suffering of the Palestinian people

 In an address to the Knesset, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak expresses sympathy and regret for the suffering of the Palestinian people but denies Israeli guilt or responsibility for the Israel-Palestine conflict.

“Barak Addresses Plenum.” Israel Line. Israeli Consulate, NY. October 5, 1999.
9 November 1999 1999: The Britain-Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe Attack

The British government apologizes to Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe concerning a group of gay activists who attacked him in London to protest alleged human rights abuses in his country.

“Mugabe Gets Official Apology for British Gays’ Behaviour.” Africa News Service. November 10, 1999.
12 November 1999 1999: Palestinian Authority apologize for statements

The Palestinian Authority apologizes for statements made by Suha Arafat in Ramallah during a meeting with U.S. first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton in Ramallah in which Ms. Arafat accused Israel of poisoning the air and polluting the water

“Suha’s remarks prompt apology.” United Press International. November 15, 1999.
23 November 1999 1999: USA- Kosovo Albanians to try to forgive Serbs

 In Kosovo, U.S. President Bill Clinton urges Kosovo Albanians to try to forgive Serbs for Slobodan Milosevic’s campaign of ethnic cleansing: “No one can force you to forgive what was done to you.  But you must try.

 
Lacey, Marc. “Clinton, Saluting Kosovo Albanians, Urges Forgiveness.” New York Times. November 23, 1999.
29 November 1999 1999: USA apologizes to the family of the late Edward A. Carter Jr.

Gen. John Keane, the Army vice chief of staff, apologizes to the family of the late Edward A. Carter Jr., a World War II veteran, for secretly investigating him as a suspected communist and barring him from re-enlisting in 1949. The Army had determined the charges of disloyalty had no basis in fact, so the Army Board for Correction of Military Records corrected all of Carter's military records.  His family is to be presented with three posthumous awards for Carter's conduct and service in Germany during World War II.

Carter, Edward A., Jr. “Army Issues Official Apology to Wronged World War II Medal Of Honor Winner.” Jet. November 29, 1999.
10 December 1999 1999: Switerland government -World War II,

The Swiss government reiterates a 1995 apology over wrong doings during World War II, but refuses to offer compensation to Jewish refugees who were turned back at the Swiss border at that time.

“Switzerland Repeats 1995 Apology Over Deeds During World War Two.” Xinhua News Agency. December 10, 1999.
11 December 1999 1999: Native Hawaiians-USA overthrow of Hawaiian Monachy

At a hearing with federal officials in Honolulu, Native Hawaiians demand some form of redress for the 1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy by the U.S.

“Native Hawaiians Seek Redress for U.S. Role in Ousting Queen.” New York Times. December 11, 1999.
18 December 1999 1999: Catholic Church execution of religious reformer Jan Hus

 Pope John Paul II apologizes for the execution of religious reformer Jan Hus in 1415.

            

 

Stanley, Allesandra. “Italy: Jan Hus apology.” New York Times. December 18, 1999.
12 March 2000 2000: Catholic Church asks forgiveness for the sins of Catholics

 Pope John Paul II asks forgiveness for the sins of Catholics throughout the ages.  During a public Mass of Pardon, the Pope says that "Christians...have violated the rights of ethnic groups and peoples, and shown contempt for their cultures and religious traditions..."

Menendez, Jorge Fernando. “The Pope’s Apology.” World Press Review. May, 2000.
26 January 2000 2000: Leaders of the international Pagan community send a letter to Pope John Paul II calling for the inclusion of Pagans in the Vatican's upcoming millennial apology for the Inquisition

Leaders of the international Pagan community send a letter to Pope John Paul II calling for the inclusion of Pagans in the Vatican's upcoming millennial apology for the Inquisition.

“World pagan leaders Call for Papal Apology.” Us Newswire. January 26, 2000.
5 February 2000 2000: Oklahoma state commission-1921 race riot in Tulsa

An Oklahoma state commission (the Tulsa Race Riot Commission) recommends reparations for survivors of a 1921 race riot in Tulsa.

Yardley, Jim. “Panel Recommends Reparations In Long-Ignored Tulsa Race Riot.” New York Times. February 5, 2000.
14 February 2000 2000: Austria-Hitler's employment policies

Austrian politician Joerg Haider apologizes for giving offense by praising Hitler's employment policies and former members of the Waffen SS.

Time. February 14, 2000.
17 February 2000 2000: German-Israel The Holocaust

German President Johannes Rau apologizes before the Israeli parliament for the Holocaust.

Sontag, Deborah. “Israel: Germany apology.” New York Times. February 17, 2000.
28 February 2000 2000: Lebanese Hezbollah-French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin apology

 A leader of the Lebanese Hezbollah demands that French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin apologize for calling guerrilla attacks against Israeli occupation troops "terrorist" acts.

“Hezbollah Leader Demands Apology from French PM.” Xinhua News Agency. February 28, 2000.
7 November 2000 2000: Finland apologizes to the Jewish community

 Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen of Finland apologizes to the Jewish community for the extradition of eight Jews to Germany in 1942.

“Finland: Apology To Jews.” New York Times. November 7, 2000.
6 November 2000 2000: China -Cambodia the Khmer Rouge

China issues a statement saying it will not apologize to Cambodia for supporting the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979.

China Says It Won’t Apologize For Supporting the Khmer Rouge.” New York Times. November 7, 2000.
15 October 2000 2000: Chinese- Japan war atrocities

At a meeting in Tokyo, Chinese Prime Minister Zhu Rongji says China still feels that Japan has never properly apologized for its war atrocities but says it is Japan’s problem to decide whether and how to atone for its past.

French, Howard W. “China’s Premier, on Japan visit, Wears a Friendly Face.” New York Times. October 16, 2000.
17 March 2000 2000: USA- Iran Reconciliation

U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announces steps to reconcile with Iran and to encourage modernization there.  Stopping short of an apology, she acknowledged past American meddling in Iran and expressed regrets for supporting Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s.

Lancaster, John. “U.S. Plans Major Gesture To Iran.” Washington Post. March 17, 2000.
22 March 2000 2000: The Netherlands- Jews, Gypsies and Indonesians

The Netherlands apologizes to Jews, Gypsies and Indonesians for a “chilly” official response in the past to their claims to property seized during and after World War II.  Prime Minister Wim Kok offers $180 million, in addition to past restitutions, to the Central Jewish Congress, while Gypsies receive an extra $13 million, and Indonesians who sided with the Dutch during Indonesia's fight for independence in 1949 are offered $110 million.

Simons, Marlise. “Netherlands: 3 apologies.” New York Times. March 22, 2000.
March 2000 2000: Aetna Inc.- profits from slavery

Aetna Inc. apologizes for profiting from slavery by issuing insurance policies on slaves in the 1850s.

Zielbauer, Paul. “A Newspaper Apologizes for Salve-Era Ads.” New York Times. July 6, 2000.
6 April 2000 2000: North Korea-Japan Japanese Rule

At the start of the first talks between North Korea and Japan in eight years, North Korea says that negotiations will fail unless Japan agrees to an apology and compensation for its decades of rule.

“North Korea Firm on Apology From Japan.” New York Times. April 6, 2000.
7 April 2000 2000: Austria-political haven to former Nazis

 The Austrian government apologizes for having provided a political haven to former Nazis after World War II.

Cohen, Roger. “Austria: apology over ex-Nazis.” New York Times. April 7, 2000.
8 April 2000 2000: Belgium asks forgiveness for the international community’s failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda

Belgium asks forgiveness for the international community’s failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda in 1994.

“Rwanda: Belgian Apology.” New York Times. April 8, 2000.
15 April 2000 2000: Diocese of Oakland - victims of clergy sexual abuse

Bishop John S. Cummins and other leaders of the Diocese of Oakland publicly apologize to victims of clergy sexual abuse.

“Oakland Diocesan Service Offers Apology for Clergy Sex Abuse.” America. April 15, 2000.
18 April 2000 2000: Catholic Church rejects a call by gay-rights activists for an apology from the Catholic Church

The official Vatican newspaper rejects a call by gay-rights activists for an apology from the Catholic Church.

“Vatican Publication Rejects Apology For Homosexuals.” Africa News Service. April 18, 2000.
18 May 2000 2000: Japan secularism

 Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori apologizes for controversial remarks that undermined the country’s constitutional guarantee of secularism, when he told a Shinto religious group that Japan was a “divine country with an emperor at its core.”

 

 

French, Howard W. “Japan: Premier’s Apology.” New York Times. May 18, 2000.
2000 2000: Thousands of Chinese men sue Japanese companies

Thousands of Chinese men sue Japanese companies for using them as forced laborers during World War II and demand an apology.

Rosenthal, Elisabeth. “Wartime Slaves Use U.S. Law to Sue Japanese.” New York Times. October 2, 2000.
5 June 2000 2000: Chicago’s City Council -reparations for slavery

Chicago’s City Council votes to urge Congress to consider reparations for slavery.

“Chicago City Council Votes to Urge Congress to Consider Slavery Reparations.” Jet. June 5, 2000.
25 June 2000 2000: Montenegro - Croatia shelling Dubrovnik

Montenegro President Milo Djukanovic asks Croatia to forgive his countrymen for shelling Dubrovnik during the Croatian struggle for independence in 1991.

“Montenegro Asking Forgiveness From Croatia.” New York Times. June 25, 2000.
14 July 2000 2000: USA-Japan crimes committed by U.S. military personnel

Thomas Foley, U.S. Ambassador to Japan, and Lt.- Gen. Earl Hailston, the highest ranking American officer in Japan, apologize to Okinawa Governor Inamine Keiichi for crimes committed by U.S. military personnel in Japan.

 

"Apology Made.” AsiaWeek. July 14, 2000.
19 July 2000 2000: Italy-The Savoys

Italy’s potential crown prince, Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia, offers to apologize for the wrongs committed by the Savoys, in an effort to circumvent a 1946 law banning male members from Italy’s former royal family from entering the country.

“Italy: Princely Offer.” New York Times. July 19, 2000.
24 August 2000 2000: Russia-Kursk submarine accident

Russian President Vladimir Putin expresses a "great feeling of guilt and responsibility" for the Kursk submarine accident, in which all 118 sailors aboard died, essentially apologizing for the way the tragedy was handled.

Fennell, Tom. “Tragedy and Anger.” Maclean’s. September 4, 2000.
25 August 2000 2000: Zimbabwe war veterans accept a government apology

Zimbabwe war veterans accept a government apology for the destruction of their homes in the course of police raids on illegally occupied property.

 

“Zimbabwe War Veterans Accept Government Apology.” Xinhua News Agency. August 25, 2000.
August 2000 2000: Australia-Aboriginal children who were removed from their families

 Former Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser calls for a national apology for the "stolen generations,” the one in ten Aboriginal children who were removed from their families between 1920 and 1971 in a government effort to "civilize" them by assimilation into white society.

“The Stolen Generation.” Time. October 2, 2000.
8 September 2000 2000:USA- forced relocation of Indians and broken treaties and promises

During a celebration of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs’ 175th year anniversary, Interior Department assistant secretary Kevin Gover apologizes on behalf of the bureau to American Indians for its past actions, including the forced relocation of Indians and broken treaties and promises.

Stout, David. “No Place for John Wayne at Indian Bureau.” New York Times. September 22, 2000. See also Stout, David. “An Apology and a Milestone at Indian Bureau.” New York Times. September 9, 2000.
8 September 2000 2000: USA apology to North Korea on search in the Frankfurt airport.

U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright sends a letter of apology to North Korean Foreign Minister Paek Nam Sun, expressing America's regret that North Korea's second in command, Kim Yong Nam, canceled plans of the 15 member North Korean delegation to attend a summit of 160 world leaders in New York after being asked to be searched in the Frankfurt airport.

“U.S. apology mends N. Korea relations.” United Press International. September 11, 2000.
14 September 2000 2000: USA apologizes to Wen Ho Lee, an Chinese-American nuclear scientist

U.S. district Judge James A. Parker apologizes to Wen Ho Lee, an Chinese-American nuclear scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory who was held for nine months on suspicion of giving secrets to China before the government’s controversial case against him unraveled.

Sterngold, James. “Nuclear scientist set free after plea in secrets case.” New York Times. September 14, 2000.
16 September 2000 2000: Japan-women forced into brothels in World War II.

Fifteen women announce plans for a class-action lawsuit against Japan for being forced into brothels in World War II.

“15 to Sue Japan in U.S. Over Sex Slavery.” New York Times. September 16, 2000.
10 November 2000 2000: President Mugabe-people of Matabeleland 20,000 civilians were killed in the course of an army crackdown

The Movement for Democratic Change, a group opposed to Zimbabwe President Mugabe, asks him to publicly apologize to the people of Matabeleland and the Midlands (and to initiate an affirmative action program to benefit the two regions) for atrocities committed by state agents in the 1980s, when 20,000 civilians were killed in the course of an army crackdown on armed rebels.

“MDC Demands Official Apology For Mat, Midlands Atrocities.” Africa News Service. November 10, 2000.
9 December 2000 2000: The Israeli Army apologizes to American freelance photographer Yola Monakhov

The Israeli Army apologizes to American freelance photographer Yola Monakhov, who was shot by an Israeli soldier in Bethlehem in November.  The army says the shooter and his commanders will be punished for violating the army's standing prohibition against using live ammunition except when facing immediate mortal danger.

Sontag, Deborah. “Israel: army apology.” New York Times. December 9, 2000.
14 December 2000 2000: Afrikaner academics- call for South Africa whites to apologize for apartheid

Afrikaner academics and professionals, calling themselves the Group of 63, distance themselves from the call for South Africa whites to apologize for apartheid.  The group says that while South Africa needs a political solution to its racial problems, personalizing the problem by seeking an apology is not appropriate.

“Elite Afrikaner Group Distances Itself From Apartheid Apology.” Africa News Service. December 15, 2001.
16 December 2000 2000: White South Africans- Present a declaration indicating that they benefitted under apartheid

On Reconciliation Day, white South Africans present a declaration indicating that they benefitted under apartheid.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p165.
22 December 2000 2000: USA- South Korea shooting of civilians at No Gun Ri in the Korean War

The Clinton administration decides not to issue a formal apology to South Korea regarding the shooting of civilians at No Gun Ri in the Korean War. (Korean demonstrators demanded an apology in October, 1999.) 

 
“No Formal Apology by the U.S. For Korean War Civilian Deaths.” New York Times. December 22, 2000.
December 2000 2000: Harvard University -Dismissing Professor Raymond Ginger

Harvard University apologizes for dismissing Professor Raymond Ginger in 1954, when he would not say whether he was a member of the Communist Party.

 

Cox, Ana Marie. “Harvard acknowledges ‘regret’ for dismissal of professor in 1954.” Chronicle of Higher Education. April 13, 2001.
3 February 2001 2001: Armenia wants only an apology from Turkey

 Armenian President Robert Kocharyan says he wants only an apology and not necessarily compensation from Turkey for the genocide of Armenians by Ottoman Turks in 1915.

“Armenia Seeks Simple Apology.” APS Diplomat Recorder. February 3, 2001.
10 February 2001 2001: USA- Japan U.S. submarine Greenville’s collision

Secretary of State Colin Powell apologizes by telephone to Japanese Foreign Minister Yohei Kono after the U.S. submarine Greenville’s collision with a Japanese fishing boat off Hawaii.

“U.S. apology swift after sub hits boat.” cnn.com. February 10, 2001.
19 February 2001 2001: Zimbabwe-Two foreign journalists Deported

 President Robert Mugabe's information and publicity minister says Zimbabwe owes no one an apology for deporting two foreign journalists.

“Harare Says It ‘Owes No One An Apology.’” Africa News Service. February 22, 2001.
22 February 2001 2001: USA- Japan-submarine Greenville’s collision

U.S. Ambassador Thomas Foley apologizes to the Emperor and Empress of Japan for the submarine Greenville’s collision with a Japanese fishing boat.

“U.S. offers Japan a new apology.” NY Times. February 22, 2001. pA22.
28 February 2001 2001: USA-submarine Greenville

  Admiral William Fallon apologizes for the collision of the submarine Greenville with a Japanese fishing boat.

French, Howard. “U.S. admiral delivers apology to the Japanese in sub sinking.” New York Times. February 28, 2002.
1 March 2001 2001: USA-Tulsa Race Riots of 1921 reparations

The Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riots of 1921 recommends that reparations be paid to survivors.

Milloy, Ross E. “Panel Calls for Reparations in Tulsa Race Riot.” New York Times. March 1, 2001. pA12.
19 March 2001 2001: Kuwait- Iraq apology

Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Kuwait's first deputy prime minister and foreign minister, asks Iraq to apologize to Kuwait before the two countries talk about reconciliation.

“Kuwaiti FM Asks for Iraq’s Apology before talking about Reconciliation.” Xinhua News Agency. March 19, 2001.
4 April 2001 2001: China-USA collision between a U.S. Navy spy and a jet Chinese fighter jet

 Chinese President Jiang Zemin demands that the United States apologize for the collision between a U.S. Navy spy jet and a Chinese fighter jet.

“Jiang again demands U.S. apology.” United Press International. April 4, 2001.
4 April 2001 2001: USA-collision of a U.S. spy plane with a Chinese fighter jet,

Secretary of State Colin Powell refuses to apologize to China for the collision of a U.S. spy plane with a Chinese fighter jet, saying “there is nothing to apologize for.”

Sanger, David. “Collision with China.” New York Times. April, 2001.
11 April 2001 2001: USA- China collision between a US intelligence plane and a Chinese fighter jet

The U.S. sends China a formal statement of regret over the midair collision between a US intelligence plane and a Chinese fighter jet, but the Bush administration insists “there is no apology.”

Sanger, David. “U.S. Sends Beijing Formal Statement Expressing Regret.” New York Times. April 11, 2001.
4 May 2001 2001: Catholic Church the sack of Constantinople in 1204

 Pope John Paul II apologizes for the Church’s role in the sack of Constantinople in 1204.

Fisher, Ian. “In a Gesture of Conciliation, the Pope Returns Orthodox Relics.” New York Times. 11/28/04.
24 May 2001 2001: Japan apologizes for forcing lepers to live in isolation

Japan apologizes for forcing lepers to live in isolation decades after cures were available and agrees to pay $15 million to plaintiffs who successfully challenged laws that isolated them.

Sims, Calvin. “Japan Apologizes to Lepers and Declines to Fight Isolation Ruling.” New York Times. May 24, 2001.
28 May 2001 2001: Catholic Church of Poland -complicity in the killing of 1,6000 Jews

 The Roman Catholic Church of Poland apologizes for complicity in the killing of 1,6000 Jews in Jedwabne during World War II.

“Catholic apology to Jews.” New York Times. May 28, 2001.
7 June 2001 2001: Germany Max Planck Society-Experiments at concentration camps during the Nazi era.

The head of Germany’s premier basic research organization, the Max Planck Society, apologizes on behalf of its forerunner, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, some of whose scientists were implicated in medical experiments at concentration camps during the Nazi era.

Koenig, Robert. “Max Planck Offers Historic Apology.” Science. June 15, 2001.
23 June 2001 2001: Australia- mistreatment of Aborigines

 

Australian Prime Minister John Howard says he is personally sorry for mistreatment of Aborigines but opposes a formal national apology because it could encourage claims for compensation.

“Australia: no apology to Aborigines.” New York Times. June 23, 2001.
4 July 2001 2001: Russia-ethnic Germans in Russia

 Russia’s Duma passes a resolution calling on the president “to apologize on the state's behalf to ethnic Germans in Russia who, in the years of reprisals, lived in the USSR territory, met with arbitrariness, were forcibly resettled and restricted in rights for many years.”

“Duma resolution favors apology to ethnic Germans.” ITAR/TASS News Agency. July 4, 2001.
9 July 2001 2001: Canada-Chinese head tax.

  In Canada, the Ontario Superior Court dismisses the case Mack v. Canada, in which plaintiffs sought an apology and redress for the Chinese head tax.

http://www.roadtojustice.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Mack_v_Canada_2001_OSCOJ.pdf
10 July 2001 2001: Poland- massacre of Polish Jews during World War II

 Polish President Kwasniewski apologizes for the massacre of Polish Jews during World War II.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p160.
18 August 2001 2001: Khmer Rouge- loss of life between 1975 and 1979

 Former Khmer Rouge leader Khieu Samphan apologizes for the loss of life between 1975 and 1979 but denies having knowledge of atrocities, saying “My mistake was that I was too naïve and was out of touch with the real situation.”

Mydans, Seth. “Cambodia: Khmer Rouge apology.” New York Times. August 18, 2001.
4 September 2001 2001: Britain -refuses to apologize for slavery,

 British Prime Minister Tony Blair refuses to apologize for slavery, blocking a European Union action.

People’s Daily. September 4, 2001. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/english/200109/04/eng20010904_79267.html
24 December 2001 2001: Canada apologizes for the execution of 23 Canadian soldiers by allied firing squads

Canada’s House of Commons apologizes for the execution of 23 Canadian soldiers by allied firing squads for desertion or cowardice in World War I, saying the punishment was too harsh.  (The Canadians were among 306 Commonwealth soldiers shot for desertion between 1914 and 1918.)  The apology does not erase their convictions.

Shaw, Geoffrey. “The ‘sorry’ state of history.” Alberta Report. February 4, 2002. See also “A belated apology.” Maclean’s. December 24, 2001.
22 November 2001 2001: Pope John Paul II issues an apology for sex abuse by priests

 Pope John Paul II issues an apology for sex abuse by priests.

Allen, John L., Jr. “Vatican moves to address sex abuse problem.” National Catholic Reporter. December 7, 2001
8 October 2001 2001: Japan apologizes for Chinese who lost their lives in World War II

 Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologizes and expresses condolences in China for those Chinese who lost their lives in World War II.

 

 
“Japanese PM Expresses Heartfelt Apology Over Aggression.” Xinhua News Agency. October 8, 2001.
3 October 2001 2001: Human rights leaders in Nigeria demand a public apology -ousting democratically-elected governments

Human rights leaders in Nigeria demand a public apology from former military leaders for intermittently ousting democratically-elected governments from office

“Rights Groups Demand Apology From Past Military Leaders.” Africa News Service. October 3, 2001.
22 September 2001 2001: South African Xhosa prince Xhanti Sigcawu calls for direct talks with Queen Elizabeth

 South African Xhosa prince Xhanti Sigcawu calls for direct talks with Queen Elizabeth to clarify her statements about expressing guilt and/or formally apologizing for colonizing Africa.

 

 
“South Africa: Royal Tete-A-Tete?” New York Times. September 22, 2001.
27 September 2001 2001: Myoshin-ji sect of Buddhism- religion’s past ties to militarism

The leaders of the Myoshin-ji sect of Zen Buddhism apologize in Japan for their religion’s past ties to militarism.  The leaders acknowledge that their apology is largely motivated by Brian Victoria’s 1997 book “Zen at War,” which details the relationship between Zen leaders and the Japanese military in World War II.

Jalon, Allan M. “Meditating On War And Guilt, Zen Says It’s Sorry.” New York Times. January 11, 2003.
18 September 2001 2001: Rev. Jerry Falwell -Robertson’s television show remarks on September 11

After being criticized by the White House and Pat Robertson, the Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes for saying on Robertson’s television show “The 700 Club” that God had allowed terrorists to attack America on September 11 because of civil liberties groups, abortion rights supporters, and feminists.

“Falwell: I Blew It.” cbsnews.com. September 18, 2001.
9 September 2001 2001: Indonesia - Aceh

 Indonesia president Megawati Sukarnoputri visits the troubled province of Aceh and says she is sorry for mistakes by past governments in the region's separatist war that has left thousands dead.

“An Apology in Indonesia.” New York Times. September 9, 2001.
September 2001 2001: European Union- slavery and colonialism

 At the United Nations World Conference Against Racism (in South Africa), the European Union issues a statement of apology for slavery and colonialism

Barkan, Elazar and Alexander Karn. Taking Wrongs Seriously. Stanford, 2006. p19.
23 June 2002 2002: Catholic Church sexual abuses

Los Angeles Cardinal Roger Mahony apologizes to church members for sexual abuses by priests and asks for forgiveness.

Jones, Arthur. “Lon Angeles churches hear cardinal’s apology.” National Catholic Reporter. July 5, 2002.
20 June 2002 2002: The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) -AOL Time Warner Palestinian suicide bombers

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) accepts a written apology from AOL Time Warner Vice Chairman Ted Turner for his comments in a London newspaper justifying Palestinian suicide bombers.

“ADL Welcomes Apology From Ted Turner.” US Newswire. June 20, 2002.
5 June 2002 2002: Uruguay Argentina apology for remarks made

Uruguay President Jorge Batlle apologizes to his Argentine counterpart, Eduardo Duhalde, for calling Argentina's politicians “a pack of thieves, from the first to the last.”

Rohter, Larry. “Uruguay: an apology to Argentina.” New York Times. June 5, 2002:
May 2002 2002: USA-Sterilization program “shameful.

Virginia Governor Mark Warner calls the state’s past sterilization program “shameful.”

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p160.
31 May 2002 2002: Catholic Church for an inappropriate sexual relationship in the 1970’s.

 Former Milwaukee Archbishop Rembert G. Weakland apologizes for an inappropriate sexual relationship in the 1970’s.

“Archbishop Weakland Makes Public Apology for ‘My Sinfulness.’” America. June 17, 2002.
29 May 2002 2002: Nigeria-rights abuses by previous governments

 Nigerian President Chief Olusegun Obasanjo apologizes to Nigerians for years of rights abuses by previous governments, on the occasion of the country’s third anniversary of establishing democracy.

“Obasanjo’s Apology.” Africa News Service. June 5, 2002.
23 May 2002 2002: Japan-Chinese police forcibly removing five North Korean asylum seekers

 Japan’s Foreign Ministry asks the Chinese ambassador to apologize for Chinese police forcibly removing five North Korean asylum seekers from Japan’s consulate in northeast China on May 8.

“Japan Still Seeking Chinese Apology.” United Press International. May 23, 2002.
29 April 2002 2002: Austria apologizes for a clinic at Am Spiegelgrund

 Austria apologizes for a clinic at Am Spiegelgrund in which 789 mentally handicapped children were subjected to medical experiments and murder during the Nazi regime.

Erlanger, Steven. “Vienna buries child victims of Nazis.” New York Times. April 29, 2002.
24 April 2002 2002: Catholic Church apologizes to victims of sexual abuse by priests

 Pope John Paul II apologizes to victims of sexual abuse by priests.

Henneberger, Melinda. “Pope offers apology to victims of sex abuse by priests.” New York Times. April 11, 2002.
29 March 2002 2002: Catholic Church apology to victims of sexual abuse

 As part of a settlement of a lawsuit brought by 23 former altar boys who were molested by a priest, Oregon Archbishop John Vlazny issues a public apology to victims of sexual abuse.

“Accusers say church rarely offers sincere, simple apology.” National Catholic Reporter. March 29, 2002.
13 March 2002 2002: Malaysia- U.S. Time Magazine February 11 edition.

The Malaysian cabinet accepts an apology from U.S. Time Magazine for an unflattering depiction of the country in its February 11 edition.

“Malaysia Accepts Apology From Time Magazine.” Xinhua News Agency. March 13, 2002.
27 February 2002 2002: European Union -Zimbabwe imposition of sanctions

European Union official Chris Patten apologizes to the people of Zimbabwe for the imposition of sanctions on February 18.

“Patten’s Apology Deficient.” Africa News Service. March 2, 2002.
7 February 2002 2002: The Hausa community Nigeria, apologizes to Governor Bola Tinubu for ethnic violence

 The Hausa community in Idi-Araba, Nigeria, apologizes to Governor Bola Tinubu for ethnic violence in which over 100 people were killed.

“The Hausa Apology for Idi-Araba Crisis.” Africa News Service. March 11, 2002.
6 February 2002 2002: Belgium-1961 assassination of Patrice Lumumba,

Belgium apologizes for participating in the 1961 assassination of Patrice Lumumba, Congo’s first Prime Minister, and establishes a memorial fund to assist Congolese youth and democracy.

Riding, Alan. “Belgium Confronts Its Heart of Darkness.” New York Times. September 21, 2002. See also “Belgium: apology for Lumumba killing.” New York Times. February 6, 2002.
18 January 2002 2002: Russian Communist leader Gennadi Zyuganov- Poland's wishes for an apology

Russian Communist leader Gennadi Zyuganov says Moscow should not bow to Poland's wishes for an apology over the massacre of Polish officers by Soviet agents at Katyn during World War II.

“Russia – Jan. 18 – Zyuganov Opposes Apology.” APS Diplomat Recorder. January 19, 2002.
9 January 2002 2002: Boston Cardinal Bernard Law offers a public apology to people abused by priests as children

Boston Cardinal Bernard Law offers a public apology “with heartfelt sorrow” to people abused by priests as children.

Geoghan, John L. “Boston cardinal offers apology to sex abuse victims.” National Catholic Reporter. January 18, 2002
8 January 2002 2002: Brazil USA apology for remarks by Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill,

President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil demands that the U.S. apologize for remarks by Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill, who called Brazilians corrupt.

Miranda, Marcia. “Brazil Demands An Apology From The USA.” Pravda. January 8, 2002.
5 December 2002 2002: Uzbekistan- thousands jailed for dissent, given amnesty

The president of Uzbekistan decrees that more than half of its prisoners, including thousands jailed for dissent, will be given amnesty.

“Uzbekistan: Prisoners Who Repent to be Freed.” New York Times. December 5, 2002.
28 November 2002 2002: APakistani surgeon, claims that he received an apology from the F.B.I. and C.I.A.

Amer Aziz, a Pakistani surgeon, claims that he received an apology from the F.B.I. and C.I.A. after being released from several weeks of secret detention and interrogation for suspected terrorist ties in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Gall, Carlotta. “Pakistani Who Treated bin Laden Questioned by U.S.” New York Times. November 28, 2002.
8 November 2002 2002: Abu Abbas, the leader of terrorist group- hijacking the Achille Lauro ship in 1985

 Abu Abbas, the leader of terrorist group responsible for hijacking the Achille Lauro ship in 1985, expresses regret but does not apologize for the killing of American Leon Klinghoffer.

Burns, John F. “Ringleader of ’85 Achille Lauro Hijacking Says Killing Wasn’t His Fault.” New York Times. November 8, 2002.
14 November 2002 2002: USA-Japan $13 million in compensation-U.S. submarine Greenville accident

The U.S. agrees to pay $13 million in compensation to the families of 33 people killed when the U.S. submarine Greenville accidentally sunk the Japanese fishing trawler Ehime Maru in 2001.

French, Howard W. “Japanese Accept U.S. Offer in Ship Accident.” New York Times. November 15, 2002.
15 November 2002 2002: Slovakia’s surviving Jews asks Germany for compensation

A group representing Slovakia’s surviving Jews asks Germany for compensation for deporting 57,000 Slovak Jews to Nazi death camps in 1942 with one-way tickets that were paid for with their own property.  Germany refuses, contending that the Slovak state, not Nazi Germany, deported the Jews and that the Jews who died did not appoint the current Jewish community to collect damages.

Green, Peter S. “Slovakia’s Surviving Jews Demand Compensation From Germany.” New York Times. November 16, 2002.
24 June 2002 2002: The Quebec- British monarchy to admit responsibility for the deportation of Acadians

The Quebec National Assembly unanimously votes to ask the British monarchy to admit responsibility for the deportation of Acadians in the 1750s and 1760s.

“Asking for an apology.” Maclean’s. June 24, 2002.
13 July 2002 2002: Iran calls on the United States to apologize

Iranian President Mohammad Khatami calls on the United States to apologize to the Iranian people for its “misdeeds in the past.

“Iran’s Khatami calls for U.S. apology.” United Press International. July 14, 2002.
16 July 2002 2002: The Irish Republican Army apologizes for civilian deaths

 The Irish Republican Army apologizes for civilian deaths over its thirty year struggle to unite Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland.

Lavery, Brian. “I.R.A. Apologizes for Civilian Deaths in Its 30-Year Campaign.” New York Times. July 17, 2002. pA5.
30 July 2002 2002: Pakistan expresses regrets for the deaths of nearly 3 million people

Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf expresses regrets for the deaths of nearly 3 million people during Bangladesh’s war of independence in 1971.  At a war memorial near Dhaka, Musharraf writes in a visitors’ book, “Your brothers and sisters in Pakistan share the pains of the events of 1971.  The excesses committed during the unfortunate period are regrettable.

Anam, Tahmima. “Pakistan’s State of Denial.” New York Times. December 26, 2013.
12 August 2002 2002: National Public Radio (NPR), apologizes To Traditional Values Coalition (TVC)

 Kevin Klose, president and chief executive officer of National Public Radio (NPR), apologizes for a story suggesting that the Traditional Values Coalition (TVC), a conservative group with 43,000 member churches, was linked to anthrax-laced letters sent to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy.

“NPR apology unacceptable to Christian-values group.” Insight on the News. August 12, 2002.
14 August 2002 2002: Japan expresses regrets about Japan’s past aggression

 Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi expresses regrets about Japan’s past aggression.

Greimel, Hans. “Japan’s leader steers clear of war shrine.” New York Times. August 15, 2002.
21 August 2002 2002: The Independent National Electoral Commission- All Nigeria Peoples Party dispute

The Independent National Electoral Commission demands an apology from the leadership of the All Nigeria Peoples Party over the party's allegation that the commission was responsible for problems at its convention on July 27, 2002.

“INEC Demands Apology from ANPP.” Africa News Service. August 22, 2002.
September 2002 2002: North Korean-Japan kidnapped Japanese civilians

North Korean leader Kim Jong Il acknowledges that North Korean agents kidnapped Japanese civilians in order to assume their identities and apologizes for the deaths of eight of the victims

French, Howard. “Plot Confirmed, Japan Feels No Less Pain.” New York Times. September 28, 2002.
13 September 2002 2002: Bishop Charles G. Palmer-Buckle Of Ghana apologizes on behalf of Africans for the part Africans themselves played in the slave trade

Bishop Charles G. Palmer-Buckle Of Ghana apologizes on behalf of Africans for the part Africans themselves played in the slave trade.

“Ghanaian bishop offers apology for Africans’ part in slave trade.” National Catholic Reporter. September 13, 2002.
21 September 2002 2002: Germany-USA President George W. Bush's Iraq tactics

German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder apologizes for remarks by German Justice Minister Herta Daubler-Gmelin that compared President George W. Bush's Iraq tactics to Hitler's tactics.

Erlanger, Steven. “Apology aside, German vote has U.S. hinge.” New York Times. September 21, 2002.
25 September 2002 2002: president Bush apology to Senate Democrats special Interests-national security

Senate leader Tom Daschle demands that President Bush apologize for suggesting that Senate Democrats care more about special interests than national security.

Purdum, Todd S. “Daschle defends Democrats’ stand on security of U.S.” New York Times. September 26, 2002.
3 October 2002 2002: Chicago passes “The Slavery Era Disclosure Ordinance,”

 At the urging of Ald. Dorothy Tillman, Chicago passes “The Slavery Era Disclosure Ordinance,” requiring business involved in city contracts to determine whether they profited from slavery.

Miller, Sabrina and Gary Washburn. “New Chicago law requires firms to tell slavery links.” Chicago Tribune. October 3, 2002.
7 October 2002 2002: German media - collaboration with the Nazi regime

The German media company Bertelsmann expresses regret for its collaboration with the Nazi regime and notes that it has joined over 6,000 other German companies that have agreed to pay $4.5 billion to people who performed forced labor under the Nazis.

Landler, Mark. “Bertelsmann Offers Regret For Its Nazi-Era Conduct.” New York Times. October 8, 2002.
8 October 2002 2002: Dublin Archbishop apologizes to people who were sexually abused as children by Church officials

Dublin Archbishop Cardinal Desmond Connell apologizes to people who were sexually abused as children by Church officials.

“Ireland: Archbishop Apologizes.” New York Times. October 8, 2002.
21 October 2002 2002: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein issues a general pardon,

A few days after receiving a hundred percent of the vote in a referendum on his leadership, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein issues a general pardon, freeing thousands of political prisoners.

Anderson, John Lee. “No Place To Hide.” The New Yorker. November 25, 2002. p76; Blair, David. “Saddam empties Iraq’s jails.” The Telegraph. (UK) October 21, 2002.
4 April 2002 2003: South Africa-Apartheid Employees sue for $6.1 billion

 Former employees of mining companies in South Africa sue for $6.1 billion, alleging mistreatment under apartheid.

“Workers Sue Companies Over Apartheid.” New York Times. 4/6/03/
7 December 2002 2002: Iraq- invading Kuwait in August, 1990

 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein apologizes for invading Kuwait in August, 1990.

 

“Saddam apologizes to Kuwait.” cnn.com. December 7, 2002.
10 December 2002 2002: USA- Senator Strom Thurmond’s 1948 segregationist campaign

U.S. Senator Trent Lott issues a written apology for a speech the week before, in which he praised Senator Strom Thurmond’s 1948 segregationist campaign for U.S. president.  Democrats and others had called for the apology.  Lott repeats his apology several times over the next several days, repeatedly appealing for “forbearance and forgiveness.”  He also expands his apology to include not only the remarks in question, but also various instances of past “misbehavior” and insensitivity with regard to racial issues.

 
Stolberg, Sheryl Gay. “Under Fire, Lott Apologizes for His Comments at Thurmond’s Party.” New York Times. December 10, 2002; Hulse, Carl. “Lott Apologizes Again on Words About ’48 Race.” New York Times. December 12, 2000; Halbfinger, David M. “Pas
11 December 2002 2002: USA apology to South Korean deaths of two South Korean girls

U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage issues another official apology to South Korean President Kim Dae Jung for the deaths of two South Korean girls crushed by an American armored vehicle in June.

“South Korea: Another Apology From U.S.” New York Times. December 11, 2002.
14 December 2002 2002: Boston archbishop Cardinal Bernard Law resigns, apologizes, and begs forgiveness

Boston archbishop Cardinal Bernard Law resigns, apologizes, and begs forgiveness for his mishandling of priests implicated in the Catholic Church sexual abuse scandal.

“Quotation of the Day.” New York Times. December 14, 2001.
17 December 2002 2002: Norway to compensate the estimated 12,000 children of German soldiers

 The Norwegian Parliament votes to compensate the estimated 12,000 children of German soldiers who occupied the country during World War II for discrimination they suffered growing up in Norway after the war.

Norway: Payments for ‘German Children.’” New York Times. December 17, 2002.
30 December 2002 2002: Ivory Coast apologize for firing on French troops near Duekoke

 Leaders of a rebel group in Ivory Coast apologize for firing on French troops near Duekoke.

“Rebel Apology To French Unit In Ivory Coast.” New York Times. December 21, 2002.
December 2002 2002: Oregon Governor apologizes for the state’s past sterilization program

Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber apologizes for the state’s past sterilization program.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p161.
28 November 2003 2002: President Bush apologizes, deaths of two South Korean girls hit by a U.S. military

 President Bush apologizes, via the U.S. ambassador in Seoul, for the deaths of two South Korean girls hit by a U.S. military vehicle in June.

Kirk, Don. “Bush Apologizes to Koreans For Army’s Killing of 2 Girls.” New York Times. November 28, 2002.
19 April 2003 2002: USA Symbionese Liberation Army apologize

 After pleading guilty to murder, former members of the Symbionese Liberation Army apologize for a 1975 shooting in a California bank.  The members were brought to trial after the victim’s family pressured prosecutors to proceed based on information in newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst’s 1982 book on the terrorists.

Broder, John M. “In a Quiet End to a Case, 4 Ex-Symbionese Liberation Army Members Plead Guilty to Murder.” New York Times. November 8, 2002.
1 April 2003 2003: Superintendent of the U.S. Air Force Academy apologizes to cadets

The outgoing superintendent of the U.S. Air Force Academy apologizes to cadets for the damage done to the institution by a scandal involving sexual assaults of female cadets.

Janofsky, Michael. “Academy’s Top General Apologizes to Cadets.” New York Times. April 1, 2003.
26 March 2003 2003: Japan- South Korean women seeking compensation for being forced into sexual slavery

Japan’s top court rejects an appeal from South Korean women seeking compensation for being forced into sexual slavery in World War II.

“Japan: Court Rejects Claims Of Wartime Sex Slaves.” New York Times. March 26, 2003.
22 March 2003 2003: South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission delivers its final findings,

South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission delivers its final findings, warning against a blanket amnesty and advocating reparations for apartheid.

Thompson, Ginger. “South African Commission Ends its Work.” New York Times. 3/22/03.
19 March 2003 2003: French Jew whose parents were deported to a Nazi death camp sues France’s national railroad company

 In France, an Austrian-born French Jew whose parents were deported to a Nazi death camp sues France’s national railroad company for 1 Euro and demands that it acknowledge the role it played in sending tens of thousands of French Jews to their deaths in World War II.

Riding, Alan. “Nazis’ Human Cargo Now Haunts French Railway.” New York Times. March 20, 2003.
8 January 2003 2003: South Carolina Governor apologizes for the states past sterilization program

South Carolina Governor Jim Hodges apologizes for the states past sterilization program.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p161.
23 January 2003 2003: Two U.S. pilots apologize to the family members of four Canadian soldiers mistakenly killed

Two U.S. pilots apologize to the family members of four Canadian soldiers mistakenly killed in an air strike in Afghanistan in 2002.

Halbfinger, David. “Pilots Apologize to Relatives of Canadians They Bombed.” New York Times. January 24, 2003.
27 January 2003 2003: The USA- South Korea American U-2 spy plane crash in South Korea

The U.S. apologizes to people injured when an American U-2 spy plane crashed in South Korea.

“U.S. apologizes to spy plane crash victims.” www.cnn.com. January 27, 2003.
4 February 2003 2003: Gypsy organizations -I.B.M. alleged automation of the Holocaust

 A Swiss court clears the way for a lawsuit by Gypsy organizations against I.B.M. for allegedly helping to automate the Holocaust.

Green, Pater. “Gypsies’ Suit Against I.B.M. Is Given Green Light by Swiss Court.” New York Times. February 5, 2003.
11 February 2003 2003: British Columbia apologizes for its past treatment of Indians

British Columbia apologizes for its past treatment of Indians.

 

“British Columbia Apologizes to Its Indians.” New York Times. February 12, 2003.
14 February 2003 2003: South Korea- permitting illegal payments to North Korea

 South Korean President Kim Dae Jung apologizes for permitting illegal payments to North Korea in advance of a summit in 2000.

“S. Korea’s Kim apologizes for cash scandal.” Philadelphia Inquirer. February 14, 2003.
22 February 2003 2003: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei pardons five Jews

 Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei pardons five Jews jailed for spying for Israel.

“Iran Pardons Five Jews Jailed as Spies.” New York Times. February 22, 2003.
25 February 2003 2003: USA Not proud of Pinochet coup

 U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell says that encouraging the 1973 coup in Chile that overthrew Salvador Allende and brought Augusto Pinochet to power was “not a part of American history that we are proud of.”  The current socialist government of Chile welcomed the statement.

 

Rohter, Larry. “Chile: Powel comment on coup welcomed.” New York Times. February 25, 2003.
27 February 2003 2003: Hyundai apologizes for secretly sending $500 million to North Korea

Hyundai apologizes for secretly sending $500 million to North Korea in an effort to win contracts.

“Hyundai Sorry for Paying North Korea.” New York Times. February 17, 2003. pA8.
11 March 2003 2003: California apologizes for the state’s past sterilization program

California Governor Gray Davis apologizes for the state’s past sterilization program.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p161.
March 2003 2003: The Tulsa Race Riot Commission ends its investigation

The Tulsa Race Riot Commission ends its investigation of a 1921 race riot that killed some 300 African-Americans.  Instead of restitution, survivors receive medals.

Staples, Brent. “Coming to Grips With the Unthinkable in Tulsa.” New York Times. 3/16/03.
4 March 2003 2003: Algeria- France - Reconciliation

After a speech at the Algerian parliament, in a gesture of reconciliation, French President Jacques Chirac shakes hands with two Algerian heroes of the 1957 Battle of Algiers.

Sciolino, Elaine. “Chirac Sees New Day for France and Algeria.” New York Times. March 24, 2003.
4 March 2003 2003: The Israeli army expresses regret for the death of a pregnant mother

The Israeli army expresses regret for the death of a pregnant mother who was killed when the adjacent residence in Gaza was demolished

Bennett, James. “Israeli Raid Snares A Foe, but Leaves Family Motherless.” New York Times. March 4, 2003.
8 March 2003 2003: A judicial panel orders Bosnia’s Serb Republic to pay more than $2 million in compensation

A judicial panel orders Bosnia’s Serb Republic to pay more than $2 million in compensation for the massacre of 7,500 Muslims at Srebrenica in 1995.

Simpson, Daniel. “Bosnian Serbs Told to pay $2 Million for Srebrenica Massacre.” New York Times. March 8, 2003.
9 April 2003 2003: A victim of sexual abuse by Irish Catholic clergy settles a lawsuit against the Roman Catholic Diocese

 A victim of sexual abuse by Irish Catholic clergy settles a lawsuit against the Roman Catholic Diocese in a deal that calls for a public apology.

Lavery, Brian. “Church to Pay $323,000 and Apologize in Irish Sex Abuse Case.” New York Times. April 10, 2003.
19 April 2003 2003: After pleading guilty to conspiracy charges in New York, a former Al Qaeda operative from Sudan issues a letter of apology

After pleading guilty to conspiracy charges in New York, a former Al Qaeda operative from Sudan issues a letter of apology.

Weiser, Benjamin. “After Trial, Operative Offered Judge an Apology and a Blessing.” New York Times. April 19, 2003.
22 April 2003 2003: The president of Uruguay announces that the families of people who died because of the military dictatorship that ruled from 1973 to 1985 will be compensated

The president of Uruguay announces that the families of people who died because of the military dictatorship that ruled from 1973 to 1985 will be compensated.

Rohter, Larry. “Uruguay: Compensation for Dictatorship.” New York Times. April 22, 2003.
21 April 2003 2003: U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell issues a letter to Spain over the shelling of the main hotel for journalists in Bagdad

 U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell issues a letter to Spain over the shelling of the main hotel for journalists in Bagdad, which killed two journalists.  Powell’s letter expressed sorrow and condolences but did not include an apology and sought to justify the military’s actions

Daly, Emma and Jim Rutenberg. “In Latter, Powell Defends Shelling of Journalists’ Hotel.” New York Times. April 25, 2003.
26 April 2003 2003: The daughter of German Jews who once owned Germany’s largest retail chain files a lawsuit in U.S. federal court

 The daughter of German Jews who once owned Germany’s largest retail chain files a lawsuit in U.S. federal court seeking compensation from the firm that took over the chain, which the family lost during Hitler’s Aryanization campaign in the 1930s.

 

Jacobs, Andrew. “Suite Seeks Compensation for Loss of a Jewish Retail Empire.” New York Times. April 26, 2003.
April 2003 2003: Brown University President Ruth Simmons directs the university to study whether it should pay reparations for its role in slavery

 Brown University President Ruth Simmons directs the university to study whether it should pay reparations for its role in slavery.

Fitzgerald, Frances. “Peculiar Institutions.” New Yorker Magazine. 9/12/05.
12 May 2003 2003: Argentinia announces pardon for leaders of two attempts to overthrow the government

Argentinian President Eduardo Duhalde announces that he will pardon the leaders of two attempts to overthrow the government in 1989 and 1990, both of whom were serving life sentences.

Rohter, Larry. “Argentina: Departing Leader Pardons Plotters.” New York Times. May 21, 2003.
15 May 2003 2003: Russian proposes granting amnesty to Chechen separatists

Russian President Vladimir Putin proposes granting amnesty to Chechen separatists who agree to disarm.  Russia’s parliament approves the amnesty on June 6.

Myers, Steven Lee. “Putin Offers an Amnesty Plan Covering Most Chechan Rebels.” New York Times. May 16, 2003; “A Russian Amnesty Offer Fails to Halt Fighting in Chechnya.” New York Times. June 8, 2003.
30 May 2003 2003: The British Columbia provincial government apologizes and offers compensation for abuses suffered by people living in homes for the developmentally disabled

 The British Columbia provincial government apologizes and offers compensation for abuses suffered by people living in homes for the developmentally disabled.

Barkan, Elazar, ed. Taking Wrongs Seriously. Stanford, 2006. p6.
4 June 2003 2003: New Zealand apologizes for violating treaties with Maori groups

 New Zealand formally apologizes for violating treaties with Maori groups.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p161.
7 June 2003 2003: Catholic Church Croats should attempt to forgive Serbs for ethnic killings 12 years ago.

In Croatia, Pope Jean Paul II encourages Croats to attempt to forgive Serbs for ethnic killings 12 years ago.

Green, Peter S. “Forgive, Pope Says, But Croats Find It Hard.” New York Times. June 6, 2003.
12 July 2003 2003: Ukraine and Poland call for mutual forgiveness

At the sight of a 1943 massacre, the presidents of Ukraine and Poland call for mutual forgiveness.

“Ukraine: Joint Memorial to Massacre.” New York Times. July 12, 2003.
18 July 2003 2003: Zimbabwe’s Council of Churches - violence and hunger

Zimbabwe’s Council of Churches apologizes for failing to stop violence and hunger under President Mugabe.

“Zimbabwe: Churches Regret Inaction.” New York Times. 7/18/03.
6 August 2003 2003: Libya pledges compensation for the 1988 bombing of 2003 flight 103

Libya formally accepts responsibility, expresses remorse, and pledges compensation for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

Barringer, Felicity. “Libya Admits Culpability in Crash of Pan Am Plane.” New York Times. 8/16/03.
13 August 2003 2003: Japan- China, people sickened from exposure to chemical weapons

Japan apologizes to China, after dozens of people are sickened from exposure to chemical weapons that Japan left in China at the end of World War II.

Onishi, Norimitsu. “Japan Apologizes to China for Injuries From Remnants of War.” New York Times. August 13, 2003.
14 August 2003 2003: Argentina a revokes two amnesty laws that shield hundreds of military officers

 The lower house of Argentina’s Congress approves a bill to revoke two amnesty laws that shield hundreds of military officers accused of human rights abuses during the dictatorship that was in place from 1976 to 1983.

Rohter, Larry. “Argentina: Legislators Back Amnesty Repeal.” New York Times. August 14, 2003.
13 August 2003 2003: USA-Iraq soldiers taking down a flag from a mosque in Sadr City, Baghdad.

 The U.S. apologizes for American soldiers taking down a flag from a mosque in Sadr City, Baghdad.

Oppel, Richard A. Jr. “U.S. Apologizes for Baghdad Mosque Incident.” New York Times. August 15, 2003.
15 August 2003 2003: Libya- 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie

Libya formally accepted responsibility for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland bit did not express remorse for the 270 people killed.

Barringer, Felicity. “Libya Admits Culpability In Crash of Pan Am Plane.” New York Times. August 16, 2003. pA6.
28 August 2003 2003: Peru’s truth and reconciliation commission releases a report on 69,000 people killed

 Peru’s truth and reconciliation commission releases a report on 69,000 people killed between 1980 and 2000 by government and rebel forces.  Angelica Mendoza, the leader of a victims group, says, “It is not easy to reconcile until there is justice, until we know what happened to our relatives.”

August 28, 2003: Peru’s truth and reconciliation commission releases a report on 69,000 people killed between 1980 and 2000 by government and rebel forces. Angelica Mendoza, the leader of a victims group, says, “It is not easy to reconcile until there i
29 August 2003 2003: Libyan foundation pays compensation-bombing in West Berlin

A Libyan foundation controlled by Moammar Gaddafi’s son pays compensation to the relatives of three victims of a 1986 disco bombing in West Berlin.

“Libya: Compensation Offer.” New York Times. 8/29/03.
11 September 2003 2003 Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro leaders Apologize for ‘Evils’ Done by Their Nations

 The presidents of Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro apologize to each other for the wrongs done by their respective countries in the ethnic and religious strife of the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

 
“Balkan leaders Apologize for ‘Evils’ Done by Their Nations.” Los Angeles Times. September 11, 2003.
4 December 2003 2003: Britain-deportation of 11,000 Acadians

Queen Elizabeth II acknowledges the wrongs caused by the deportation of 11,000 Acadians from Atlantic Canada in the 1750s

“Queen acknowledges Acadian deportation.” www.cbc.ca 12/4/03.
7 May 2004 2004: USA apology for the abuse of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison

At a press conference with Jordanian King Abdullah, U.S. President George W. Bush apologizes for the abuse of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.

“Bush Apologizes for Iraqi Prisoner Abuse.” www.foxnews. May 7, 2004.
7 May 2004 2004: USA. apology for the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners

U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld apologizes for the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners and takes responsibility for failing to notify Congress and the president of the abuse.

Shanker, Thom and Eric Schmitt. “The Struggle For Iraq.” New York Times. May 8, 2004.
4 January 2004 2004: Switzerland pardons violators of Swiss neutrality laws

Switzerland pardons people who were convicted of violating Swiss neutrality laws by helping Jews flee Nazi Germany.

“Swiss pardon those convicted of helping Jews.” Philadelphia Inquirer. 1/4/04.
10 January 2004 2004: Libya $170 million in compensation ($1 million per victim) for French airplane blown up in 1989

A Libyan foundation controlled by Moammar Gaddafi’s son agrees to pay $170 million in compensation ($1 million per victim) to the families of victims of a French airplane blown up in 1989, but Libya admits no responsibility.

Richburg, Keith B. “Libya to Pay $170 Million in Bombing of Airliner in ’89.” Washington Post. 1/10/04.
26 January 2004 2004: USA-dismisses a lawsuit by descendants of slavery against corporations

 A U.S. federal judge dismisses a lawsuit by descendants of slavery against corporations that benefited from slavery.

Slave reparations case dismissed.” www.cnn.com. 1/26/04.
January 2004 2004: Germany- Namibia regret over the killing of Herero people in the colonial war

Germany’s ambassador to Namibia expresses regret over the killing of Herero people in the colonial war

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p161.
25 February 2004 2004: Uganda - army’s failure to prevent a deadly rebel attack on a refugee camp

Uganda President Museveni apologizes for the army’s failure to prevent a deadly rebel attack on a refugee camp.

World in Brief: Africa.” Washington Post. 2/25/04.
11 March 2004 2004: Australia, creation of an Aboriginal Trust Fund repayment program

In Australia, New South Wales Premier Bob Carr apologizes and announces the creation of an Aboriginal Trust Fund repayment program, to return funds that Aboriginies were forced to pay into a trust.

NSW Legislative Assembly 11 March, 2004 p.7163. I am indebted to Marilyn Hoey for this item.
16 March 2004 2004: As part of a compensation process for Iraqi civilian casualties, the U.S. government gives $5,000

  As part of a compensation process for Iraqi civilian casualties, the U.S. government gives $5,000 and an apology to an Iraqi man whose wife and three children were killed after an American missile struck their home.

Gettleman, Jeffrey. “For Iraqis in Harms’ Way, $5,000 and ‘I’m Sorry.’” New York Times. March 17, 2004.
21 February 2004 2004: The Palestinian militant group al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades apologizes for mistakenly killing an Arab student in a drive-by shooting

 The Palestinian militant group al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades apologizes for mistakenly killing an Arab student in a drive-by shooting in a Jewish neighborhood in Jerusalem.

“World in Brief: The Middle East.” Washington Post. pA25.
24 March 2004 2004: USA- U.S. counter-terrorism official Richard Clarke apologizes

 At a U.S. congressional hearing, former U.S. counter-terrorism official Richard Clarke apologizes for failing to prevent the attacks of 9/11.

“Government ‘failed you,’ Clarke.” www.msnbc.com. March 25, 2004.
1 April 2004 2004:Brazil - compensate illegally imprisoned during two decades of military rule

 In Brazil, forty years after the 1964 coup d’etat, the governor of Sao Paulo says that those who were illegally imprisoned by the state police during two decades of military rule will be compensated.

Kingstone, Steve. “Brazil remembers 1964 coup d’etat.” www.bbc.com. April 1, 2004.
1 April 2004 2004: The Illinois state a resolution - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Illinois state House passes a resolution apologizing to members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and seeking pardon for the events that led to the death of Joseph Smith and the expulsion of his followers from Nauvoo in 1844. 

 

8 April 2004 2004: Illinois apology for the murder of Joseph Smith and the expulsion of Mormons in the 1840s

 Illinois officials apologize for the murder of Joseph Smith and the expulsion of Mormons in the 1840s.  

December 2004 2004: Morocco truth commission- human rights abuses

Morocco initiates an official truth commission to investigate human rights abuses from 1956 to 1999.

“Morocco Confronts Rights Abuses in Its Past, but Not the Abusers.” New York Times. December 26, 2004. p19.
10 December 2004 2004: Tacoma, a seven judge panel symbolically exonerates Nisqually Indian Chief Leschi

In Tacoma, a seven judge panel symbolically exonerates Nisqually Indian Chief Leschi, who was hanged during an Indian war in 1858.

“Indian Chief Hanged in 1858 Is Cleared.” New York Times. December 12, 2004.
27 November 2004 2004: Catholic Church -Orthodox church return of the bones of the most revered saints in the Orthodox church

 Pope John Paul II returns the bones of the most revered saints in the Orthodox church.  He called the return “a blessed occasion to purify our wounded memories, to cleanse our journey of reconciliation.”  However, Vatican spokesman Joaquin Navarr-Vallis denies that the Pope was “asking pardon” for the Church removing the relics from Constantinople to Rome.

Fisher, Ian. “In a Gesture of Conciliation, the Pope Returns Orthodox Relics.” New York Times. 11/28/04.
5 November 2004 2004: Chilean army- human rights abuses during the regime of General Pinochet

General Juan Espinosa announces that the Chilean army will assume responsibility and collective “institutional” blame for human rights abuses during the regime of General Pinochet.  Previously, the army had dismissed the abuses as the result of individual “excesses” rather than a deliberate policy.

“Chilean army admits abuses.” The Montreal Gazette. 11/6/04. See also Rother, Larry. “A Torture Report Compels Chile to Reassess Its Past.” New York Times. 11/28/04.
22 September 2004 2004: Former televangelist Jimmy Swaggart apologizes for threatening to kill any man who looked at him romantically

Former televangelist Jimmy Swaggart apologizes for threatening to kill any man who looked at him romantically.

“Swaggart apologizes after remark about ‘killing’ gay men.” USA Today. September 22, 2004.
23 June 2004 2004: Saudi Arabia terrorists who surrender within a month will be safe

 Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah announces that terrorists who surrender within a month will be safe but will be dealt with according to Islamic law.

“Saudis offer terrorists month to surrender.” www.cnn.com 6/23/04.
1 June 2005 2005: The Wachovia Corporation apologizes for its historical ties to slavery in the U.S

The Wachovia Corporation apologizes for its historical ties to slavery in the U.S.

“Wachovia apologizes for slavery ties.” www.cnn.com. June 2, 2005.
7 May 2005 2005: Germany- “cult of guilt” imposed after the Nazi defeat.

Near the site of official commemorations of the end of World War II, German police break up a demonstration by hundreds of members of a far-right party protesting what they see as a “cult of guilt” imposed after the Nazi defeat.

“German far-right protests against “cult of Guilt” on anniversary of war’s end.” www.940news.com. May 8, 2005.
30 April 2005 2005: China - Taiwanese attempt to soften strained relations

 In an historic meeting in Beijing with Chinese President Hu Jintao, Taiwanese Nationalist Party leader Lien Chan attempts to soften strained relations that date to China’s civil war, saying, “Our two parties were enemies in the past.  Everyone knows this history.  But history is in the past.  We can’t change it.  But the future is in our hands and offers many opportunities.”

“Foes put past behind them in China.” www.cnn.com. April 30, 2005.
23 March 2005 2005: Leaders of Japan and China, both sides soften recent demands

At a meeting in Indonesia of the leaders of Japan and China, both sides softened recent demands, as Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi did not insist on a Chinese apology for anti-Japanese attacks in China, nor did Chinese leader Hu Jintao demand that Mr. Koizumi stop visiting the controversial Yasakuni shrine for World War II veterans.

Bonner, Raymond and Norimitsu Onishi. “China and Japan Leaders Pledge to Improve Relations.” New York Times. April 24, 2005.
17 April 2005 2005: Japan China apology for damage to Japanese diplomatic missions in anti-Japan protests

 Japan demands that China apologize for damage to Japanese diplomatic missions in violent anti-Japan protests.  China rejects Japan’s demand.

“Japan demands apology from China.” www.cnn.com. April 16, 2005; “Beijing rejects Tokyo demand for apology.” www.cnn.com. April 17, 2005.
13 April 2005 2005: USA award of $21.8 million to Jewish families

A U.S. federal judge approves an award of $21.8 million to surviving members of two Jewish families whose sugar company in Vienna was seized and “aryanized” shortly after Nazi Germany annexed Austria.

“For Betrayal by Swiss Bank and Nazis, $21 Million.” New York Times. April 14, 2005.
9 February 2005 2005: British Prime Minister Tony Blair apologizes for the wrongful imprisonment of 11 people in relation to IRA bombings

British Prime Minister Tony Blair apologizes for the wrongful imprisonment of 11 people in relation to IRA bombings in 1974.

http://news.bbc.co/uk/go/pr/fr/-/1/hi/uk/4249953.stm. February 9, 2005.
January 2005 2005: J.P. Morgan Chase -involvement in the slave trade two centuries ago

 J.P. Morgan Chase apologizes for involvement in the slave trade two centuries ago.

Nobles, Melissa. The Politics of Official Apologies. Cambridge, 2008. p165-6.
22 January 2005 2005: Newfoundland and Labrador- the relocation of Inuit communities in the 1950s

Premier Danny Williams of Newfoundland and Labrador apologizes for the relocation of Inuit communities in the 1950s.

http://www.releases.gov.nl.ca/releases/2005/exec/0122n03.htm
June 2005 2005: USA-refusal to pass anti-lynching legislation

The U.S. Senate apologizes for its historic refusal to pass anti-lynching legislation.

Stolberg, Sheryl. “The Senate Apologizes, Mostly.” New York Times. 6/19/05.
23 June 2005 2005: Alberta Canada- inaction during the era of forced residential schools for First Nations children

Alberta Premier Rachel Notley apologizes for the province’s inaction during the era of forced residential schools for First Nations children. 

12 July 2005 2005: European-American Leaders execution of 7,000 people in Srebrenica,

 At a ceremony marking the 10th anniversary of the execution of 7,000 people in Srebrenica, American and European leaders apologize for failing to protect the “safe area” and vow that the perpetrators will be brought to justice.

Rohde, David. “In Bosnia, World Leaders Apologize for Massacre.” New York Times. July 12, 2005.
31 July 2005 2005: Virginia offers $5,500 a year to residents denied education in 1959

Virginia offers $5,500 a year to any state resident who was denied education in 1959 when the state shut its public schools rather than desegregate them.  

14 August 2005 2005: Japan apologizes for Japan’s wartime invasions

On the 60th anniversary of the country’s surrender, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologizes for Japan’s wartime invasions.

“Japanese leader apologizes for wartime colonization, invasions of Asia.” www940news.com. August 14, 2005; “Japan’s Apologies for World War II.” New York Times. August 14, 2015.
23 August 2005 2005: Pat Robertson apologizes for suggesting that Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez be assassinated

 Pat Robertson apologizes for suggesting that Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez be assassinated.

“Robertson apologizes.” www.cnn.com. August 24, 2005.
14 September 2005 2005: USA responsibility for the poor federal response to Hurricane Katrina

 U.S. President George W. Bush accepts responsibility for the poor federal response to Hurricane Katrina.

“Bush: I take responsibility’ for federal failures after Katrina.” www.cnn.com. September 14, 2005.
21 September 2005 2005: Catholic Church- decades of sex abuse

In response to a grand jury report on pedophile Catholic priests, the Archdiocese of Philadelphia expresses “deep regrets and sincere apologies” to the victims of decades of sex abuse.

Caparella, Kitty. “Archdiocese Blasts Report.” www.philly.com. September 22, 2005.
29 September 2005 2005: Algeria referendum amnesty for combatants in its civil war.

 Algeria passes a referendum offering partial amnesty for combatants in its civil war.  Militants reject the amnesty offer on October 1.

“Algerian Rebels Said to Reject Amnesty.” New York Times. October 2, 2005.
7 December 2005 2005: Japan-Pearl Harbor

On the anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese foreign minister Taro Aso expresses “deep remorse” for Japan’s actions in World War II.

“Primary Addresses, Dec. 4-10.” New York Times. December 11, 2005. WK2.
30 December 2005 2005: Austria compensation to thousands of Holocaust survivors

Austria begins to pay compensation to thousands of Holocaust survivors.

“First Austrian pay set for Holocaust survivors.” Philadelphia Inquirer. December 30, 2005.
4 January 2006 2006: France- national day for remembrance for slavery

French President Jacques Chirac announces that France will introduce a national day for remembrance for slavery.  He claimed, “France was exemplary in being the first country in the world – and today still the only one – to recognize slavery as a crime against humanity.”

http://www.940news.com. January 4, 2006.
14 January 2006 2006: Israel- Pat Robertson’s - Gaza strip

  Israeli Ambassador Daniel Ayalon says that Israel accepts Pat Robertson’s apology for suggesting that Ariel Sharon was struck down by God for returning the Gaza strip.

“Israel accepts apology for Sharon comments.” Montreal Gazette. January 14, 2006. pA20.
1 February 2006 2006: A Muslim group -Danish newspaper caricatures of the prophet Muhammad accepts apology

 A Muslim group that had criticized a Danish newspaper for printing caricatures of the prophet Muhammad accepts the paper’s apology.

“Muslim group accepts newspaper’s apology.” Montreal Gazette. February 1, 2006.
14 October 2006 2006: 30 Muslim clerics sign a letter accepting the apology of Pope Benedict XVI

30 Muslim clerics sign a letter accepting the apology of Pope Benedict XVI for controversial remarks he made about Islam.

“38 Muslim clerics accept pope’s apology.” Montreal Gazette. October 14, 2006
7 November 2006 2006: Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein -calls for national reconciliation

Shortly after being sentenced to hang, former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein calls for national reconciliation, saying, “I call upon all Iraqis, Arabs and Kurds, to forgive, reconcile, and shake hands.” He also recounts how the prophet Mohammed and Jesus Christ both forgave their enemies.

Daragahi, Borzou. “Forgive and forget, Saddam says.” Montreal Gazette. November 8, 2006.
8 October 2006 2006: Britain pardons over 300 soldiers executed for cowardice in World War I.

 Britain pardons over 300 soldiers executed for cowardice in World War I

“WWI deserters receive pardon.” Montreal Gazette. November 8, 2006.
20 November 2006 2006: NATO apologizes for civilian casualties in a raid

 NATO apologizes for civilian casualties in a raid.

Graveland, Bill. “NATO apologizes for civilian casualties.” Montreal Gazette. November 21, 2006.
28 February 2006 2006: USA- the lynching of an Indian boy named Louis Sam in 1884 by an American mob that crossed into Canada

The Washington state legislature acknowledges the injustice of the lynching of an Indian boy named Louis Sam in 1884 by an American mob that crossed into Canada.

“Lynching apology.” Montreal Gazette. February 28, 2006. pA12.
18 March 2006 2006: Anglican leaders in Kenya-HIV

Anglican leaders in Kenya apologize for having criticized people with HIV and AIDS as sinners

“Clergy apologize for attitude on AIDS.” Montreal Gazette. March 18, 2006.
3 April 2006 2006: Thailand reconciliation commission

 Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra says he will create a reconciliation commission to resolve national political divisions.

“Pressured Thai prime minister calls for reconciliation commission.” Montreal Gazette. April 4, 2006.
24 April 2006 2006: Nepal’s King Gyanendra -victims of recent political violence

During a speech reinstating parliament, Nepal’s King Gyanendra expresses condolences for the victims of recent political violence.

“King Gyanendra’s Speech.” www.bbc.com. April 25, 2006.
1 May 2006 2006: China pays compensation to the mother of a 15-year old boy beaten to death

 China pays compensation to the mother of a 15-year old boy beaten to death by police during the 1989 crack-down.

Olesen, Alexa. “Mother of Tiananmen victim paid for ‘hardship.’” Montreal Gazette. May 1, 2006.
8 May 2006 2006: Canada - Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement,

Canada announces the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, which called for payments, commemoration, and the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100015755/1100100015756.
28 May 2006 2006: A South Korean victims’ group calls on the U.S. to apologize

A South Korean victims’ group calls on the U.S. to apologize for manipulating the investigation into the shooting of refugees at No Gun Ri in 1950.

“U.S. apology sought in Korean refugee killings.” www.cnn.com. May 29, 2006.
6 June 2006 2006. Iraqi release of 2,500 detainees

 Iraqi prime minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki said he would release 2,500 detainees as part of national reconciliation efforts.

Hauser, Christine. “Iraqi Leader to Release 2,500 Prisoners.” New York Times. June 6, 2006.
17 July 2006 2006: Suriname-massacre of 39 civilians by the military in 1986

Suriname’s president apologizes for the massacre of 39 civilians by the military in 1986.  The apology and compensation were mandated by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in 2005.

“Suriname: Massacre Apology.” Montreal Gazette. July 17, 2006.
19 July 2006 2006: Israel-deaths of eight Canadians in Lebanon from an Israeli bomb

Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert expresses sorrow for the deaths of eight Canadians in Lebanon from an Israeli bomb.

“Olmert voices sorrow over Montrealers’ death.” Montreal Gazette. July 20, 2006.
27 July 2006 2006: Israel-UN Israeli bomb attack in Lebanon that killed four peacekeepers

Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert apologizes to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan for an Israeli bomb attack in Lebanon that killed four peacekeepers.

“Post Hit Despite Pleas.” Montreal Gazette. July 27, 2006. pA1.
28 June 2006 2006: Newfoundland and Labrador apologizes for the head tax imposed on Chinese immigrants in the early 20th century

Premier Danny Williams of Newfoundland and Labrador apologizes for the head tax imposed on Chinese immigrants in the early 20th century.

http://www.releases.gov.nl.ca/releases/2005/exec/0122n03.htm
21 July 2006 2006: USA Republican Party and African Americans

U.S. President George W. Bush expresses regret for this history of strained ties between the Republican Party and African Americans.

Stolberg, Sheryl. “In Speech to NAACP, Bush Offers Reconciliation.” New York Times. July 21, 2006.
21 July 2006 2006: Hezbollah - attack that killed two Israeli Arab children

Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah apologizes for an attack that killed two Israeli Arab children.

“Hezbollah leader apologizes for attack’s child victims.” http://www.cnn.com. July 21, 2006.
27 August 2006 2006: Israel -Reuters journalists attack in Gaza.

The Israeli army apologizes for attacking a vehicle operated by Reuters journalists in Gaza.

Al-Mughrabi, Nidal. “Air strike hits news SUV in Gaza.” Montreal Gazette. August 27, 2006.
30 August 2006 2006: Japan- Chinese women forced into sex slavery during World War II

A Japanese court rejected demands for an apology and compensation for Chinese women forced into sex slavery during World War II.

“Japan: No payout for Chinese sex slaves.” Montreal Gazette. August 31, 2006.
8 September 2006 2006: Chile- dictator Augusto Pinochet stripped of immunity from prosecution

 Chile’s supreme court strips former dictator Augusto Pinochet of immunity from prosecution.

“Pinochet loses immunity in rights case.” Montreal Gazette. September 9, 2006. pA27
16 September 2006 2006: Pope Benedict XVI remarks on Islam

Pope Benedict XVI regrets his recent remarks on Islam and violence that were offensive to Muslims.

Fisher, Ian. “Vatican Says Pope Benedict Regrets Offending Muslims.” New York Times. September 17, 2006.
19 April 2006 2006: USA Alabama pardon civil rights icons Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr

 The Alabama state legislature passes a bill to posthumously pardon civil rights icons Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., as well as hundreds of others arrested for violating racial segregation laws.

            

 

“Alabama nears pardon for Parks, King.” Montreal Gazette. 4/19/06. pA19.
1 March 2007 2007: Japan-women were forced into military brothels across Asia during World War II

 In a reversal of Japan’s acknowledgement of wrongdoing in 1993, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe denies that women were forced into military brothels across Asia during World War II.

Mizoguchi, Kozo. “WWII comfort women weren’t sex slaves: Japan.” Montreal Gazette. March 2, 2007.
27 March 2007 2007: Japan apologizes for the use of sexual slavery

After weeks of criticism for refusing to acknowledge that Japan forced some 200,000 women from Korean and China to serve in military brothels in World War II (even though Japan had apologized for this in 1993), Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe apologizes for the use of sexual slavery.

“Japan: PM sorry for sex slaves.” Montreal Gazette. March 27, 2007. pA15.
27 March 2007 2007: USA-Maryland’s state legislature issues an apology for slavery

 Maryland’s state legislature issues an apology for slavery

“Maryland issues apology for its role in slavery.” Associated Press. March 27, 2007.
27 March 2007 2007: USA issues an apology for slavery

Maryland’s state legislature issues an apology for slavery.

“Maryland issues apology for its role in slavery.” Associated Press. March 27, 2007.
27 March 2007 2007: Maryland’s state legislature issues an apology for slavery

 Maryland’s state legislature issues an apology for slavery

“Maryland issues apology for its role in slavery.” Associated Press. March 27, 2007.
28 March 2007 2007:Queen Elizabeth - apology for slavery

At a service to mark the 200th anniversary of Britain’s abolishment of the slave trade, a protestor approaches Queen Elizabeth and demands that she personally apologize for slavery.

Millard, Robin. “Abolition Service Disrupted.” Montreal Gazette. 3/28/07.
30 March 2007 2007: U.S. - veterans at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center

U.S. President George W. Bush apologizes for bad conditions and the neglect of veterans at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.

Loven, Jennifer. “Bush apologizes for hospital mess.” Montreal Gazette. March 31, 2007.
24 April 2007 2007: USA - Slavery

The Alabama state House and Senate pass resolutions expressing regret for slavery.

“Senate, House pass slavery-apology resolutions.” The Birmingham News. April 24, 2007.
2 May 2007 2007:Canada apology for abuses at Indian residential schools.

The Canadian House of Commons unanimously endorses a motion to apologize for abuses at Indian residential schools.  (Conservatives reversed their previous refusal to apologize.)

Samyn, Paul. “All parties endorse apology for residential-school abuse.” Montreal Gazette. 5/2/07.
23 May 2007 2007: Pope Benedict- “unjustified crimes” committed during colonization

Pope Benedict acknowledged that “unjustified crimes” were committed during colonization in the Americas, but he stopped short of apologizing.

Stewart, Phil. “Pope acknowledges colonial injustice in Americas.” Montreal Gazette. May 24, 2007.
3 July 2007 2007: NATO expresses regret for the deaths of civilians in Afghanistan

NATO expresses regret for the deaths of civilians in Afghanistan.

Blanchfield, Mike. “NATO regrets civilian deaths.” Montreal Gazette. July 4, 2007.
8 July 2007 2007: France- traditional Bastille Day pardon of prisoners.

 French President Nicolas Sarkozy says he will not issue a traditional Bastille Day pardon of prisoners.

Balmer, Crispian. “No getting out of Bastille this year.” Montreal Gazette. July 9, 2007.
15 July 2007 2007: USA- sexual abuse by Catholic priests

U.S. Cardinal Roger Mahony apologizes for sexual abuse by Catholic priests and agrees to pay $660 million to the victims.

Milliken, Mary. “Church to pay $660 million to abuse victims.” Montreal Gazette. July 16, 2007.
29 August 2007 2007: The U.S. military- seizing 8 Iranians in Iraq

 

 The U.S. military expresses regret for seizing 8 Iranians in Iraq.

Deshmukh, Jay. “U.S. ‘regrets’ seizing 8 Iranians in Iraq.” Montreal Gazette. August 30, 2007.
20 September 2007 2007: Germany will pay $2,800 in compensation to 50,000 Jews

Germany says it will pay $2,800 in compensation to 50,000 Jews who were forced to work by the Nazis but who did not qualify for payouts under a previous fund for former slave laborers.

“Pay for ghetto work.” Montreal Gazette. September 20, 2007. pA19.
18 October 2007 2007: U.S. issues apologizes to Canadian Maher Arar

At a congressional hearing, individual members of the U.S. Congress issue apologizes to Canadian Maher Arar for his rendition to Syria and denounce the Bush administration’s refusal to apologize

Alberts, Sheldon. “House members say sorry to Arar.” Montreal Gazette. October 19, 2007.
3 November 2007 2007: Canada- radiation during atomic testing in the 1950s

Canadian veterans who were exposed to radiation during atomic testing in the 1950s criticize the Canadian federal government’s offer of $24,000 in compensation per victim, pointing to a similar redress in the U.S. that gave payments of $75,000 in the 1980s.

Pugliese, David. “Vets exposed to atomic tests scoff at federal offer.” Montreal Gazette. November 3, 2007.
25 November 2007 2007: Quebec Cardinal Marc Ouellet asks forgiveness

 Quebec Cardinal Marc Ouellet asks forgiveness for the pat wrongs of the Catholic Church in the province, including racism, insensitivity to women, and poor treatment of homosexuals, Jews, and natives.

Zucchi, John. “Moving the church into the future.” Montreal Gazette. November 25, 2007.
8 December 2007 2007: Libya-European colonial powers -compensation for colonized people in Africa

Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi says that European colonial powers should compensate colonized people in Africa.

“Bitter history may sour summit.” Montreal Gazette. December 8, 2007.
21 December 2007 2007: Peru abuses committed during Fujimoris time in office

 On trial, former Peruvian President Fujimori apologizes for abuses committed during his time in office.  Victims’ families reject the apology.

http://www.peruviantimes.com/21/families-reject-apology-by-fujimori/75/
23 March 2008 2008: Haitian dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier claimed responsibility for his acts

  From exile in France, former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier claimed responsibility for his acts and asked for forgiveness.

Lacey, Marc. “Haiti’s Poverty Stills Nostalgia for Old Ghosts.” New York Times. March 23, 2008.
15 April 2008 2008: Catholic churchsex abuse scandals of the past decade

Pope Benedict XVI said he was “deeply ashamed” by the sex abuse scandals of the past decade.

Alberts, Sheldon. “‘Ashamed’ pope vows no more pedophile priests.” Montreal Gazette. April 16, 2008.
20 May 2008 2008: USA apologizes to Iraq-American soldier shooting a Koran

 U.S. President George W. Bush apologizes to Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki for an American soldier shooting a Koran.

“Bush apology for Koran shooting.” www.bbc.com. May 20, 2008.
24 May 2008 2008: South Africa apologizes for anti-immigrant violence.

South Africa apologizes for anti-immigrant violence.

“S. Africa ‘Sorry For the Inconvenience.’” Montreal Gazette. May 24, 2008.
2008 2008: Canada Indian residential schools

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes for abuses at Indian residential schools.

http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100015644/1100100015649
17 June 2008 2008: Australia/ churches issue an apology to children who were sexually abused while in their care

An Australian state government and several churches issue an apology to children who were sexually abused while in their care.

“Aussie apology for abuse.” Montreal Gazette. June 18, 2008.
18 July 2008 2008: Catholic church apologizes for sexual abuse in the Catholic Church in Australia.

Pope Benedict apologizes for sexual abuse in the Catholic Church in Australia.

Pope Apologizes For Church Sexual Abuse In Australia.” New York Times. July 18, 2008.
22 January 2008 2008: Rebel commander in Liberia’s civil admits to sacrificing children

Milton Blahyi, a former rebel commander in Liberia’s civil war once known as “General Butt Naked,” tells the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that his forces killed 20,000 people, he admits to sacrificing children, and he says he is ashamed of his actions.

Paye-Layleh, Jonathan. “I ate children’s hearts, ex-rebel says.” BBC News. January 22, 2008.
13 February 2008 2008: Australia apologizes to Australia’s indigenous people

The Australian government apologizes to Australia’s indigenous people.

http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/australia/biogs/FE00083b.htm. I am indebted to Cate O’Neill for this item.
3 August 2008 2008: Canada- 1914 Komagata Maru incident

In British Columbia, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes for the 1914 Komagata Maru incident, in which several hundred South Asian immigrants were turned away from Vancouver.  Members of the local Sikh community complained that the apology should have been offered on the floor of the House of Commons.

“Harper apologizes in B.C. for 1914 Komagata Maru incident.” www.cbc.ca. August 3, 2008.
30 August 2008 2008: Italy apologizes to Libya for damages during the colonial era

 In Benghazi, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi apologizes to Libya for damages during the colonial era and provides $5 billion in investment as a form of compensation.

Lamloum, Imed. “Italy apologizes to Libya for colonial past.” Montreal Gazette. August 31, 2008.
17 September 2008 2008: Church of England apologizes to Charles Darwin /theory of natural selection.

On the 200th anniversary of his birth, the Church of England apologizes to Charles Darwin for having criticized his theory of natural selection.

Waters, David. “Sorry, Charlie.” Washington Post. September 17, 2008.
18 September 2008 2008: USA civilian deaths in Afghanistan

U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates expresses “sincere condolences” for civilian deaths in Afghanistan.

Shanker, Thom. “Gates Tries to Ease Tension in Afghan Civilian Deaths.” New York Times. September 17, 2008.
1 October 2008 2008: Russia- rehabilitating the country’s czarist past,

 Russia’s Supreme Court ruled in favor of politically rehabilitating the country’s czarist past, officially recognizing the Romanovs as victims of “unfounded repression” 90 years after they were executed.

“Court puts Czar back in good books.” Montreal Gazette. pA14.
24 November 2008 2008: Vatican John Lennon for boast in 1966 popular than Jesus

The official Vatican newspaper forgives John Lennon for boasting in 1966 that the Beatles were more popular than Jesus.

“Church Forgives John Lennon ‘Boast.’” New York Times. November 24, 2008.
10 December 2008 2008: Neatherlands Indonesia - 1947 massacre of 431 villagers in Rawagede by Dutch soldiers

The Dutch Ambassador to Indonesia expresses regret for the 1947 massacre of 431 villagers in Rawagede by Dutch soldiers

“Netherlands regret Rawagede tragedy.” Jakarta Post. December 10, 2008.
18 December 2008 2008: Turkey apology for the Armenian genocide.

 Turkish intellectuals write a public letter apologizing for the Armenian genocide.  

25 March 2009 2007: British- Prime Minister Tony Blair to urged to apologize

 The Archbishop of York (England) urges British Prime Minister Tony Blair to apologize – not merely express sorrow and regret – for Britain’s role in slavery.  

January 2009 2009: Far right of the Catholic Church-Vatican excommunication of four schismatic bishops

 In an effort to reconcile with the far right of the Catholic Church, Pope Benedict XVI revokes the excommunication of four schismatic bishops who had rejected the liberalization of the Second Vatican Council.

Donadio, Rachel. “Pope Reinstates Four Excommunicated Bishops.” New York Times. January 24, 2009; Donadio, Rachel. “Vatican Says Bishop’s Holocaust Apology Fell Short.” New York Times. February 28, 2009.
27 February 2009 2009: Bishop Richard Williamson- Catholic church -The Holocaust

 The Vatican says deems insufficient the apology of Bishop Richard Williamson, who (shortly after the Pope had revoked his excommunication) denied the existence of Nazi gas chambers during the Holocaust.

Donadio, Rachel. “Vatican Says Bishop’s Holocaust Apology Fell Short.” New York Times. February 28, 2009.
26 April 2009 2009: Catholic Church suffering of thousands of aboriginal Canadians

Pope Benedict expresses sorrow for the suffering of thousands of aboriginal Canadians in residential schools operated by the Roman Catholic Church.

O’Neil, Peter. “Pope offers sympathy for residential school victims.” Montreal Gazette. April 29, 2009.
18 June 2009 2009: The USA apologizes for slavery

 The U.S. Senate apologizes re. slavery (with a disclaimer about reparations).

Thompson, Krissah. “Senate Unanimously Approves Resolution Apologizing for Slavery.” Washington Post. June 19, 2009.
7 July 2009 2009: Japan regrets that Japan’s relationship with Canada was disrupted by World War II.

 In Ottawa, Emperor Akihito of Japan regrets that Japan’s relationship with Canada was disrupted by World War II.  He also says, “It saddens me that so many people experienced suffering and difficulties during the war.”

Blanchfield, Mike. “Akihito saddened by impact of Second World War.” Montreal Gazette. July 7, 2009.
July 2009 2009: U.S. Episcopal Church/ Queen Elizabeth repudiation of the late-15th century “Doctrine of Discovery”

Leaders of the U.S. Episcopal Church unanimously adopt a resolution calling on Queen Elizabeth (the formal head of the Church of England) to repudiate the late-15th century “Doctrine of Discovery” which led English explorers to seize Indian lands in the New World.

Boswell, Randy. “Church targets colonial arrogance.” Montreal Gazette. August 13, 2009. pA3.
August 2009 2009: Former U.S. Army Lt. William Calley apologizes

  Former U.S. Army Lt. William Calley apologizes for the massacre of hundreds of civilians in My Lai, Vietnam in 1968.

Mackey, Robert. “An Apology for My Lai, Four Decades later.” New York Times. August 24, 2009.
14 September 2009 2009: Britain-posthumous apology to mathematician Alan Turing

British Prime Minister Gordon Brown issues a posthumous apology to mathematician Alan Turing, who helped break Nazi codes in World War II but was later convicted of “gross indecency” for a homosexual affair and forced to receive hormone injections.

 

Mackey, Robert. “Posthumous Apology to Gay Code Breaker Who Helped Defeat Nazi Germany.” New York Times. September 14, 2009.
16 October 2009 2009: Australia- “Forgotten Australians” and former child migrants

The Australian parliament apologizes to “Forgotten Australians” and former child migrants.

http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/australia/biogs/FE00081b.htm. I am indebted to Cate O’Neill for this item.
17 November 2009 2009: Goldman Sachs-the financial crisis

Goldman Sachs chief executive Lloyd Blankfein apologizes for actions of the firm that helped create the financial crisis, saying “We participated in things that were clearly wrong and have reason to regret and we apologize for them.”

Kiviat, Barbara. “Goldman Sachs tries to make amends.” http://www.business.time.com. November 18, 2009.
17 November 2009 2009: Canadian parliament calls for his exoneration of Meti leader Louis Riel

 On the 124th anniversary of the hanging of Meti leader Louis Riel, a member of the Canadian parliament calls for his exoneration.

“MP wants exoneration for Riel.” Montreal Gazette. November 17, 2009.
29 November 2009 2009: Peru apologizes to its citizens of African origin for centuries of “abuse

Peru apologizes to its citizens of African origin for centuries of “abuse, exclusion and discrimination.”

“Peru apologises for abuse of African-origin citizens.” www.bbc.com. November 29, 2009.
11 December 2009 2009: Pope Benedict XVI apologizes for the sexual abuse of children by Catholic priests

Pope Benedict XVI apologizes for the sexual abuse of children by Catholic priests.

“Pope apologizes again.” Montreal Gazette. December 12, 2009.
15 February 2010 2010: Vatican Victims of child sex abuse by Irish clergy

Vatican officials acknowledge the “enormous injustice and cruelty” inflicted on victims of child sex abuse by Irish clergy.

Pullella, Philip. “Vatican summit to acknowledge child sex abuse by Irish clergy.” Montreal Gazette. February 15, 2010.
19 February 2010 2010: USA South Dakota - proclamation for a Year of Unity, Reconciliation

South Dakota Governor Mike Rounds issues a proclamation for a Year of Unity, commemorating the state’s Year of Reconciliation in 1990.

Severin, Jackelyn. “Year of Unity.” South Dakota Public Broadcasting. February 19, 2010.
23 2010 2010: Canada Halifax apologizes for the destruction of the city’s African American community of Africville

The mayor of Halifax, Canada apologizes for the destruction of the city’s African American community of Africville caused by the construction of a bridge in the 1960s

Husser, Amy. “Africville receives long-awaited apology to close ‘dark chapter’ in Halifax history.” Montreal Gazette. February 24, 2010.
24 February 2010 2010: British-“home children”

British Prime Minister Gordon Browne apologizes to “home children” for a government program that sent poor children from London abroad to labor in British colonies.

“British PM apologizes to ‘home children.’” www.cbc.ca. February 24, 2010.
20 March 2010 2010: Catholic Church victims of church sex abuse, expressing “shame and remorse

 Pope Benedict XVI apologizes to victims of church sex abuse, expressing “shame and remorse.”

Donadio, Rachel. “Pope Offers Apology, but No Punishment, for Clergy’s Abuse in Ireland.” New York Times. March 21, 2010.
30 March 2010 2010: Serbia state’s failure to prevent the massacre of some 7,000 Bosnian Muslims

The Serbian parliament passes a resolution apologizing for the state’s failure to prevent the massacre of some 7,000 Bosnian Muslims by the Bosnian Serb Army at Srebrenicia in 1995.  The measure offers condolences to the families of the victims

Mackey, Robert. “Two Apologies, No Trial Over Srebrenicia.” New York Times. March 31, 2010.
14 March 2010 2010: Israel apologizes for new housing in contested East Jerusalem

 Under pressure from the U.S., Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu apologizes for the timing of an announcement – but not the policy – of new housing in contested East Jerusalem.

Kershner, Isabel. “Netanyahu Offers Apology, but No Shift in Policy.” New York Times. March 14, 2010.
9 April 2010 2010: Canada New Brunswick lawsuit against the Canadian federal government

A coalition of three native groups in New Brunswick initiates a $13 billion lawsuit against the Canadian federal government for four centuries of alleged wrongs.

“Natives launch lawsuit.” Montreal Gazette. April 10, 2010.
12 June 2010 2010: Catholic Church forgiveness for pedophile priest

At a mass, Pope Benedict XVI begs forgiveness for pedophile priest scandals in the Roman Catholic Church.

Doggett, Gina. “Pope begs forgiveness for ‘abuse of little ones.’” Montreal Gazette. June 12, 2010.
14 June 2010 2010: Britain- killing of 14 unarmed demonstrators in Northern Ireland on “Bloody Sunday” in 1972.

 British Prime Minister David Cameron says “I am deeply sorry” for the killing of 14 unarmed demonstrators in Northern Ireland on “Bloody Sunday” in 1972.

Burns, John F. “Cameron Says 1972 N. Ireland Killings Were ‘Unjustified.’” New York Times. June 15, 2010.
23 June 2010 2010: Canada apologizes for failing to prevent the terrorist bombing of an Air India airplane in 1985

 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes for failing to prevent the terrorist bombing of an Air India airplane in 1985.

Harper’s speech quoted in National Post, 23 June 2010.
4 July 2010 2010: India, state of Punjab seeks $150 million from Canada

In India, the state of Punjab seeks $150 million from Canada for refusing to let a shipload of 350 Indian passengers disembark in Vancouver in 1914, even though the passengers had paid an entry fee.

Dawson, Fabian. “Indian state seeks millions from Ottawa.” Montreal Gazette. July 4, 2010.
5 July 2010 2010: Turkey’s foreign minister demands that Israel apologize

 Turkey’s foreign minister demands that Israel apologize for a deadly raid on a ship bound for Gaza in May.  Israel indicates it has no intentions of issuing a formal apology

Villelabeitia, Ibon. “Turkey demands Israeli apology.” Montreal Gazette. July 6, 2010.
18 August 2010 2010: Canada relocating Inuit families to the High Arctic in the 1950s

The Canadian government apologizes for relocating Inuit families to the High Arctic in the 1950s.

Chai, Carmen. “Canada apologizes for ‘dark chapter.’” Montreal Gazette. August 19, 2010
31 August 2010 2010: Republican House foreign policy of the United States platform of apologies,

  In a speech at the annual convention of the American Legion, Republican House Leader Rep. John Boehner says, “The foreign policy of the United States should not be built on a platform of apologies, corrections and reset buttons.”

http://archive.legion.org/bitstream/handle/123456789/174/2010ConvPDFA.pdf?sequence=2, p54.
2 September 2010 2010: Cuba discrimination against homosexuals

Cuban leader Fidel Castro expresses regret for discrimination against homosexuals in the 1960s and 1970s.

“Castro admits marginalizing homosexuals.” Montreal Gazette. September 2, 2010.
17 September 2010 2010: Japan apology for the inhuman treatment” of U.S. POWs

At a visit by survivors, Japan’s foreign minister offered a “deep, heartfelt apology for the inhuman treatment” of U.S. POWs during World War II.  However, 60 companies that had forced the men to work did not apologize.

Associated Press. “Former US POWs Want Japanese Company Apology.” New York Times. September 17, 2010.
19 September 2010 2010: Catholic church-child abuse

At a mass in England, Pope Benedict XVI expresses sorrow over the “unspeakable crimes” of child abuse within the Roman Catholic Church.

Burns, John F. “Facing Protests in London, Pope Expresses Sorrow Over Child Sex Abuse.” New York Times. September 19, 2010.
25 September 2010 2010: China- Japan - trawler captain arrested near disputed islands

China demands that Japan apologize for detaining a trawler captain arrested near disputed islands; Japan refuses to apologize.

Fackler, Martin. “Japan Rejects Apologizing to China.” New York Times. September 26, 2010.
24 October 2010 2010: Canada, “Toronto 18” terrorist cell apologizes for actions

 In Canada, the leader of the “Toronto 18” terrorist cell apologizes for his actions.

Teotonio, Elixabeth. “Tornoto 18 terror cell ringleader to be sentenced.” www.thestar.com. October 24, 2010.
October 2010 2010: Pakistan for mistakes made by Musharraf

Exiled former Prime Minister Pervez Musharraf apologizes to Pakistan for mistakes he made in office.

“Pakistan Issues Arrest Warrant for Musharraf in Bhutto’s Killing.” New York Times. February 13, 2011.
13 November 2010 2010: France rail company expresses regret for transporting over 75,000 Jews to death camps

 France’s national rail company the SNCF expresses regret for transporting over 75,000 Jews to death camps in World War II.

Szeftel, Eve. “France’s SNCF apologizes for role in Holocaust.” Montreal Gazette. November 13, 2010.
26 November 2010 2010: Russia Stalin responsible for Katyn massacre

The Russian Duma declares Josef Stalin responsible for the “terrible tragedy” of the Katyn massacre of 22,000 Polish officers in 1940.  The Polish prime minister welcomed the resolution as a step towards reconciliation.

Zaks, Dmitry. “Stalin ordered Katyn massacre, Russia admits.” Montreal Gazette. November 27, 2010.
21 January 2011 2011: Former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude (Baby Doc) Duvalier expresses “sadness” – but no apology – for people who suffered under his 15-year rule

Former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude (Baby Doc) Duvalier expresses “sadness” – but no apology – for people who suffered under his 15-year rule.

Delva, Joseph Guyler. “’Sadness’ – but no apology.” Montreal Gazette. January 22, 2011.
21 January 2011 2011: Tunisia announces a blanket amnesty for all political groups

One week after the end of the 23-year old rule of Zine al-Abidine Ban Ali, the new government of Tunisia announces a blanket amnesty for all political groups.

Noueihed, Lin and Christian Lowe. “Tunisia grants blanket amnesty.” Montreal Gazette. January 21, 2011.
8 July 2011 2011: Braunau, Austria withdraws honorary citizenship from Adolf Hitler

The town council of Braunau, Austria withdraws honorary citizenship from Adolf Hitler, who was born in nearby Ranshofen.

Associated Press. “Hitler’s Birthplace Withdraws Honor.” New York Times. July 8, 2011.
21 September 2011 2011: Britain compensation for relatives of 14 victims of shootings in Northern Ireland

The British government announced that it will compensate relatives of 14 victims of shootings in Northern Ireland on “Bloody Sunday” in 1972.

Somaiya, Ravi. “Families of ‘Bloody Sunday’ Victims to be Compensated.” New York Times. September 22, 2011.
20 October 2011 2011: Guatemala apologizes for 1954 CIA-engineered coup against democratically-elected President Jacobo Arbenz

The Guatemalan government apologizes for 1954 CIA-engineered coup against democratically-elected President Jacobo Arbenz.

“Guatemala to apologize for coup.” Montreal Gazette. October 20, 2011.
23 November 2011 2011: Turkey apologizes for the killing of 14,000 Kurds in the 1930s

 Prime Minster Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey apologizes for the killing of 14,000 Kurds in the 1930s.

Arsu, Sebnem. “Turkey” Apology for ‘30s Massacres.” New York Times. November 23, 2011.
4 December 2011 2011: USA deaths of two dozen Pakistani soldiers killed in NATO airstrikes

 U.S. President Barack Obama expresses condolences, but not a formal apology, for the deaths of two dozen Pakistani soldiers killed in NATO airstrikes along the Afghan border.

Cushman, John H., Jr. “Obama Offers ‘Condolences’ in Deaths of Pakistani Troops. New York Times. December 4, 2011.
9 December 2011 2011: Netherlands Indonesia apologizes for the 1947 Rawagede massacre

 The Dutch ambassador to Indonesia apologizes for the 1947 Rawagede massacre, building upon the expression of regret three years earlier.

“Dutch apology for 1947 Indonesia massacre at Rawagede.” www.bbc.com. December 9, 2011.
26 April 2011 Italian Military Convicts Former Nazi Soldiers

When an Italian military court convicts three former Nazi soldiers for the massacre of 184 civilians in a Tuscan village in 1944, prosecutor Marco De Paolis asks Germany to pay 14 million euros to the 32 surviving relatives of the victims.  Germany claims it is not liable because of immunity agreements made with Italy in 1947 and 1961.

12 July 2012 2001: The Palestinian Authority-Israel demolished houses in the southern Gaza Strip

The Palestinian Authority asks Israel for an apology and compensation for houses in the southern Gaza Strip and near Jerusalem that were demolished by Israeli troops.

“PA demands Israel apologize for demolitions.” United Press International. July 12, 2001.
18 January 2012 2012: Bulgaria condemns the country’s policy of assimilating ethnic Turks

 The Bulgarian parliament adopts a resolution condemning the country’s policy of attempting to assimilate ethnic Turks in the 1980s.

Dimitrova, Svetla. “Bulgaria apologizes to its Turks for ‘Revival Process.” Southeast European Times. January 18, 2012.
3 July 2012 2012: USA apologizes for the deaths of two dozen Pakistani soldiers in American airstrikes eight months ago

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton apologizes for the deaths of two dozen Pakistani soldiers in American airstrikes eight months ago.  The apology leads to reopening of NATO supply routes into Afghanistan.

Schmitt, Eric. “Pakistan Opens NATO Supply Line as Clinton Says ‘Sorry.’” New York Times. July 3, 2012.
July 2012 2012: Indonesia’s National Commission on Human Rights- killings of communists in the 1960s a gross violation of human rights

 Indonesia’s National Commission on Human Rights declares the mass killings of communists in the 1960s a gross violation of human rights.

Cochrane, Joe. “’Act of Killing’ Film Fails to Stir Indonesia.” New York Times. March 2, 2014.
4 September 2012 2012: Britain-Murder of 24 unarmed Malayan civilians in 1948

In London, a court rules that Britain was responsible for the murder of 24 unarmed Malayan civilians in 1948 Batang Kali massacre.  The lawyer for the claimants says Britain should apologize.

2012: In London, a court rules that Britain was responsible for the murder of 24 unarmed Malayan civilians in 1948
19 November 2012 2012: Canada British Columbia-regret the hanging of two First Nations men in 1869

In Canada, the British Columbia government expresses regret for the hanging of two First Nations men in 1869, two years before BC became a province.  Members of the Hesquiaht First Nation responded by forgiving the actions of the colonial government.

“B.C. regrets 1869 hanging of First Nations men.” Montreal Gazette. November 19, 2012.
20 December 2012 2012: Algeria’ France-France’s colonial rule in Algeria

During a speech at Algeria’s parliament, French President Francois Hollande acknowledges the “profoundly unjust and brutal” nature of France’s colonial rule in Algeria, but he does not offer an apology.

 

de la Baume, Maia. “Hollande Uses Softer Tone on Delicate Visit to Algeria.” New York Times. December 20, 2012
23 December 2012 2013:Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula-Yemen apologY for an unauthorized attack in Yemen

Qassim al-Rimi, the leader of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, apologizes for an unauthorized attack at a hospital in Yemen that killed 52 people.

Youssef, Maamoun. “Al-Qaeda unit apologizes.” Philadelphia Inquirer. December 23, 2013.
19 February 2013 2013. Ireland apology -women who worked without pay in the Magdalene Laundries

Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach) Enda Kenny apologizes to the thousands of women who worked without pay in the Magdalene Laundries, two weeks after refusing to do so.

Waterfield, Bruno. “Magdelene survivors receive apology.” Montreal Gazette. February 6, 2013; Associated Press. “Ireland apologizes to women of nun-run laundries.” www.philly.com. February 19, 2013. http://www.rte.ie/news/2013/0219/368465-maglalen
20 February 2013 2013: Britain India, -Amritsar

 At the sight of a massacre of hundreds of Sikh civilians by British soldiers in 1919 in Amritsar, India, British Prime Minister David Cameron calls the massacre “a deeply shameful event in British history” but does not offer a formal apology.

“David Cameron marks British 1919 Amritsar massacre.” www.bbc.com. February 20, 2013.
21 March 2013 2013: Australia- babies for adoption by married couples

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard apologizes for the government’s policy of forcing unwed mothers to give up their babies for adoption by married couples from the 1950s to the 1970s

Fox, Andie. “Julia Gillard’s adoption apology comes after an abyss of trauma.” The Guardian. March 22, 2013.
22 March 2013 2013: Israel Turkey apology-deadly 2010 raid on a Turkish ship

 After prodding by U.S. President Barack Obama, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu calls Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyio Erdogan to apologize for the deadly 2010 raid on a Turkish ship seeking to bring aide to Palestinians in Gaza.

Rudoren, Jodi and Mark Landler. “With Obama as Broker, Israelis and Turkey End Dispute.” New York Times. March 22, 2013.
21 April 2013 2013: Turkey Israel- raid on a Turkish flotilla in 2010

 Relatives of nine people killed during an Israeli raid on a Turkish flotilla in 2010 indicated that they would reject compensation until Israel removes restrictions on Gaza.

Arsu, Sebnem and Jodi Rudoren. “Relatives of Flotilla Raid Victims Reject Israeli Compensation.” New York Times. April 21, 2013.
25 April 2013 2013: Serbia Srebrenica massacre

 Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic apologizes for the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and asks for pardon but refrains from describing the atrocity as genocide.

McElroy, Damien. “Serbian president in historic Srebrenica massacre apology.” www.bbc.com. April 25, 2013.
12 May 2013 2013: France 150 Algerians Algeria’s war of independence

In Paris, 150 Algerians who fought for France during Algeria’s war for independence demand that French President Francois Hollande honor a campaign pledge to officially recognize heir abandonment by France during its retreat in 1962, which led to massacres

“Algerians Who Fought for France Want Recognition.” New York Times. May 12, 2013.
25 May 2013 2013: Two former Korean sex salves demand justification- Japan’s wartime practice of forced Prostitution

 Two former Korean sex salves demand that Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto resign for trying to justify Japan’s wartime practice of forcing thousands of Asian women into prostitution.

“Former Sex Slaves Demand Mayor Resign.” Montreal Gazette. May 25, 2013. pA18.
4 June 2013 2013: Turkey-crackdown on demonstrators/ raising down Gezi Park

 In Turkey, Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc apologizes for a crackdown on demonstrators protesting plans to raze Gezi Park in Istanbul.  (Demonstrators had called for Prime Minister  Recep Tayyip Erdogan to apologize for the police action that had left over 1,5000 hospitalized.)  Arinc’s statement said in part, “I apologize for the police aggression against our citizens.”

Johnson, Glen and Patrick J. Mcdonnell. “Turkish official offers apology.” Philadelphia Inquirer. June 5, 2013; Arsu, Sebnem. “Turkish Official Apologizes for Force Used at Start of Riots.” New York Times. June 4, 2013; Peker, Emre, et al. “Turkish
6 June 2013 2013: Britain agrees to pay £19.9 million in compensation to 5,228 Kenyans

In order to settle a lawsuit, Great Britain agrees to pay £19.9 million in compensation to 5,228 Kenyans who were tortured during the Mau Mau rebellion in the 1950s.

Anderson, David M. “Atoning for the Sins of Empire.” New York Times. June 12, 2013.
25 July 2013 2013: Caricom-reparations and formal apologies for the Atlantic slave trade from Great Britain

 Caricom (an association of 15 Caribbean countries) launches an effort to obtain reparations and formal apologies for the Atlantic slave trade from Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands.

Fox, Ben. “Caribbean Nations Seeking Compensation for Slavery.” Associated Press. July 25, 2013.
21 August 2013 2013: German chancellor to visits the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau

Angela Merkel becomes the first German chancellor to visit the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau, where she expresses “deep sorrow and shame” for the crimes of the Nazi regime.

Vasagar, Jeevan. “Merkel expresses sorrow, shame on first official visit to Dachau.” Montreal Gazette. August 21, 2013. pA20.
August 2013 2013: China-Zhang Hongbing expressed regrets for Cultural Revolution

 The Chinese government reports that Zhang Hongbing expressed regrets for politically criticizing his mother when he was a 16-year old boy in 1970 during the Cultural Revolution; his mother was then shot to death as a counter-revolutionary.

Hua, Yu. “China Waits for an Apology.” New York Times. April 9, 2014.
30 September 2013 2013: Afghanistan reconciliation - 5,000 people killed between 1978 and 1979

Shortly after the release of the names of nearly 5,000 people who were killed by the Afghan Communist government between 1978 and 1979, Afghan President Hamid Karzai says that reconciliation is more important than prosecution.

Nordland, Rod. “Old Atrocities, Now Official, Galvanize Afghanistan.” New York Times. September 30, 2013.
23 October 2013 2013: USA Pennsylvania law allowing doctors to apologize to patients

 Pennsylvania Governor Corbett says he will sign a law allowing doctors to apologize to patients when a procedure does not go as planned, without it being used against them in court.  36 other states have similar laws that prevent medical apologies from being invoked in malpractice litigation.

Worden, Amy. “Corbett to sign bill allowing doctors to apologize.” Philly.com. October 23, 2013.
23 December 2013 2013: USA. Germany Chancellor NSA bugging of cellphone

U.S. President Barack Obama apologizes to German Chancellor Angela Merkel for the NSA bugging her cellphone.

Sappenfield, Mark. “German spy scandal: Should Obama have apologized?” Christian Science Monitor. October 27, 2013.
20 November 2013 2013: USA Alabama posthumously pardons three “Scottsboro boys”

 The State of Alabama posthumously pardons three African American men (the last of the nine “Scottsboro boys”) who were falsely convicted of raping two white women on a train in 1931.

Nov 21, 2013. Blinder, Alan. “With Last 3 Pardons, Alabama Hopes to Put Infamous ‘Scottsboro Boys’ Case to Rest.” New York Times. November 21, 2013.
28 November 2013 2013: USA Afghanistan- apology to drone strike that killed a child

The top U.S. commander in Afghanistan apologizes to President Hamid Karzai for a drone strike that killed a child.

Quinn, Patrick. “Karzai gets apology from U.S. for drone strike that killed child.” Montreal Gazette. November 30, 2013.
30 November 2013 2013: USA Afghanistan apology for American military mistakes during the 12-year war

When the U.S. and Afghanistan finalize a bilateral security agreement, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry denies that Afghan President Hamid Karzai had sought an apology for American military mistakes during the 12-year war.

Shanker, Thom and Rod Nordland. “Afghan Pact Would Keep U.S. Troops Until 2004.” New York Times. November 30, 2013.
1 December 2013 2013: North Korea -video of 85-year old captured American veteran Merrill Newman

North Korea releases a video of 85-year old captured American veteran Merrill Newman apologizing for hostile acts he committed during the Korean War.  He is released after the apology.

Perlez, Jane. “North Korea Releases a Video of U.S. Veteran Confessing to ‘Hostile Acts.’” New York Times. December 1, 2013.
9 December 2013 2013: Canada Ontario-neglect and abuse of patients at a provincial facility

Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne apologizes for the neglect and abuse of patients at a provincial facility for people with developmental disabilities decades ago.

Loriggio, Paola. “Ontario apologizes for abuse.” Montreal Gazette. December 10, 2013.
19 January 2014 2014: USA New Jersey traffic jam orchestrated by his aides

  New Jersey Governor Chris Christie apologizes for a traffic jam orchestrated by his aides to punish a mayor who did not endorse his candidacy.

Fleisher, Lisa, et al. “Chris Christie Moves to Contain Fallout From Bridge Scandal.” Wall Street Journal. Janueary 9, 2014.
12 January 2014 2014: Chinese Red Guard Song Binbin killing of high school vice principal Bian Zhongyun in August 1966

Former Chinese Red Guard member Song Binbin apologizes for failing to stop the killing of high school vice principal Bian Zhongyun in August 1966 during the Cultural Revolution.

Han, Xiao. “Confessions of the Cultural Revolution.” New York Times. January 26, 2014.
6 February 2014 2014: France reparations for Holocaust survivors in the U.S.

The French government begins talks on paying reparations for Holocaust survivors in the U.S.  (The action would ease lawsuits and permit a French company to build high-speed rail systems in the U.S.)

Phelps, Timothy M. “France considers reparations for Holocaust survivors in U.S.” Los Angeles Times. February 21, 2014.
6 February 2014 2014: Roman Catholic Legionaries of Christ- victims of sexually abuse

 A day after the release of a United Nations report on child abuse by priests, delegates from Roman Catholic order known as the Legionaries of Christ apologize to victims who were sexually abused as children by its founder, Rev. Marcial Maciel Degollado.

Reuters. “Legionaries of Christ Denounce Founder, Marcial Maciel Degollado.” New York Times. February 6, 2014
7 February 2014 2014: Spain-descendants of Sephardic Jews who were expelled in 1492

The Spanish government provisionally approves legislation to offer citizenship to the descendants of Sephardic Jews who were expelled in 1492, as a measure of conciliation.

Kershner, Isabel and Raphael Minder. “Prospect of Spanish Citizenship Appeals To Descendants of Jews Expelled in 1492.” New York Times. February 16, 2014. p12.
15 February 2014 2014: United Nations mediator Syrian lack of progress in peace talks

 United Nations mediator Lakhdar Brahimi apologizes to the Syrian people for the lack of progress in peace talks in Geneva between the Syrian government and opposition.

“Syria talks: Mediator apologises for lack of progress.” BBC News. February 15, 2014.
22 February 2014 2014: Spain, Alba Gonzales Camacho, Grapo leftist terrorist group- glorification of terrorism

 In Spain, Alba Gonzales Camacho, who had supported Grapo leftist terrorist group, becomes the first person convicted under a law that prohibits any apology for or glorification of terrorism.

Minder, Raphael. “In a First for Spain, a Woman Is Convicted of Inciting Terror Over Twitter.” New York Times. February 22, 2014.
25 February 2014 2014: Canada Clergy- survivors of residential schools

 Edmonton Archbishop Jerry Wood apologizes to survivors of residential schools on behalf of the Catholic Bishops of Alberta and the Northwest Territories.  (From the 1870s to 1996, some 150,000 aboriginal children in Canada were taken from their families and sent to residential schools, where many of them were abused.)

Ellwand, Otiena. “Bishops issue apology for residential schools.” Montreal Gazette. February 25, 2014. pA11.
March 2014 2014: Canada -Truth and Reconciliation Commission church-run schools between the 1870s and 1990s

 Canada holds a Truth and Reconciliation Commission regarding the placement of aboriginal children into federally-funded, church-run schools between the 1870s and 1990s.

Magder, Jason. “Truth of residential school system shocking.” Montreal Gazette. March 28, 2014.
8 March 2014 2014: Germany apologizes to Greece over a 1943 massacre of civilians.

 Germany apologizes to Greece over a 1943 massacre of civilians.  (Many in Greece call for reparations for its occupation by Germany in 1941-4.)

Stavrakis, Thanassis. “Germany apologizes to Greece.” Montreal Gazette. March 8, 2014.
15 March 2014 2014: Canada Quebec Jewish group Jewish practice of circumcision

 A Quebec Jewish group rejects as inadequate an apology by a Parti Quebecois candidate for equating the Jewish practice of circumcision with rape.

“Jewish group says PQ candidate’s apology not good enough.” www.cjad.com. March 16, 2014.
9 April 2014 2014: Ireland- Britain signal friendship

 Irish President Higgins makes a state visit to Britain, to signal friendship and celebrate peace between the two countries after the deaths of some 3,600 people over several decades.

Lawless, Jill and Shawn Pogatchnik. “Irish president makes historic visit to England.” Montreal Gazette. April 9, 2014.
24 April 2014 2014: Iran-USA group that stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran in 1979

 In Iran, Ebrahim Asgharzadeh, who led a group that stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran in 1979 and held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days, apologizes to the families of the hostages.

Karami, Arash. “In Iran, former hostage taker criticized over apology.” www.al-monitor.com. April 25, 2014.
30 May 2014 2014: USA-veterans’ hospitals

U.S. Veterans Affairs Secretary Shinseki apologizes for the agency’s mismanagement of veterans’ hospitals.

Shear, Michael and David Joachim. “V.A. Chief Eric Shinseki, Set to Meet Obama, Apologizes for ‘Systemic’ Crisis.” New York Times. May 30, 2014.
18 May 2014 2014: North Korea apologizes over a fatal building collapse

 North Korea apologizes over a fatal building collapse.

Reuters. “North Korea offers rare apology over fatal apartment building collapse.” The Guardian. May 18, 2014.
16 May 2014 2014: Canada British Columbia discrimination against Chinese Canadians

The province of British Columbia apologizes over past discrimination against Chinese Canadians.

Meissner, Dirk. “B.C. apologizes for past discriminatory policies towards Chinese Canadians.” The Canadian Press. May 16, 2014.
16 July 2014 2014: A Dutch court holds the Netherlands liable for the deaths of 300 of the 8,000 people killed in Srebrenica

 A Dutch court holds the Netherlands liable for the deaths of 300 of the 8,000 people killed in Srebrenica in 1995.

Corder, Mike. “Court: Dutch liable for only about 300 of the 8,000 Srebrenica massacre deaths in 1995.” Montreal Gazette. July 16, 2014.
7 July 2014 2014: Catholic Church forgiveness from victims of sex abuse.

 The Pope asks forgiveness from victims of sex abuse.

Yardley, Jim. “Pope Asks Forgiveness From Victims of Sex-Abuse.” New York Times. July 7, 2014.
3 July 2014 2014: Iraq-amnesty to tribes that fought government

 Iraqi PM Maliki offers to give an amnesty to tribes that fought his government.

Bengali, Shashank. “Maliki offers rivals pardon.” Philadelphia Inquirer. July 3, 2014.
September 2014 2014: USA apology to the family of Michael Brown, who was shot dead

The police chief of Ferguson, MO apologizes to the family of Michael Brown, who was shot dead in an incident that inflamed racial tensions.

Rosenthal, Andrew. “Ferguson Police Chief’s Sad Excuse for an Apology.” New York Times. Sept 25, 2014.
1 October 2014 2014: Bosnian Serbs-crimes

 Radovan Karadzic takes moral responsibility for crimes committed by Bosnian Serbs in the 1990s.

“Karadzic takes ‘moral responsibility’ for Bosnia crimes.” BBC News. Oct 1, 2014.
5 October 2014 2014: USA apologizes to Turkey for remarks about ISIS/L

U.S. VP Joe Biden apologizes to Turkey for remarks about ISIS/L.

Arsu, Sebnem. “Biden Apologizes to Turkish President.” New York Times. Oct 5, 2014.
October 2014 2014: Japan-“comfort women” issue

Former Japanese PM Nakasone is appointed to a commission to consider measures to restore the country’s honor vis-a-vis the “comfort women” issue.

Kotler, Mindy. “The Comfort Women and Japan’s War on Truth.” New York Times. Nov 16, 2014.
8 November 2014 2014: Indian Death of two teenagers in Kashmir

The Indian military apologizes for shooting dead two teenagers in Kashmir.

“Kashmir: India army says sorry over teenager deaths.” BBC News. Nov 8, 2014.
November 2014 2014: Japan-World War II-era military brothels

The Yomiuri Shimbun (a Japanese newspaper) apologizes for using the term “sex slave” in reporting on World War II-era military brothels.

Martin, Alexander. “Shake-Up at Japan News After ‘Sex Slave’ Apology.” Wall Street Journal. Dec 11, 2014.
November 2014 2014: Israel- 1956 massacre of 48 Palestinians in Kafr Qasim

 Israeli President Reuven Rivlin apologizes for a 1956 massacre of 48 Palestinians in Kafr Qasim.

Remnick, David. “The One-State Reality.” New Yorker. Nov 17, 2014. p46.
8 December 2014 2014: China 1937 Japanese massacre.

A Chinese NGO asks for an apology and compensation for a 1937 Japanese massacre.

AP. “Chinese NGO wants Japan apology for 1937 massacre.” Dec 8, 2014.
26 December 2014 2014: reconciliation throughout the UK- Scotland and Northern Ireland

Queen Elizabeth II urges reconciliation throughout the UK (re. tensions in Scotland and Northern Ireland).

AP. “Queen urges reconciliation.” Philadelphia Inquirer. Dec 26, 2014.
13 July 2015 Luctus Ludus Quia

Blandit eros euismod gravis hos imputo jumentum lenis olim zelus. Exerci inhibeo meus molior pertineo roto saluto torqueo.

Abico mauris praesent.
29 January 2015 2015: UK-Taiwan apologize over watches as gifts

 A UK minister and a Taiwanese mayor both apologize after a diplomatic misunderstanding over a tradition against giving watches as gifts.

Ramzy, Austin. “Apologies All Around After Watch is Presented as Gift in Taiwan.” New York Times. Jan 27, 2015.
29 April 2015 2015: Japan-American people that were lost during World War II.

 In a speech at the U.S. Congress, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says, “I offer with profound respect my eternal condolences to the souls of all American people that were lost during World War II. Our actions brought suffering to the peoples in Asian countries. We must not avert our eyes from that.”

“Japan’s Apologies for World War II.” New York Times. August 14, 2015
15 July 2015 2015: USA President Bill Clinton-criminal justice reform measure

 Former U.S. President Bill Clinton expresses regret for signing into law a controversial criminal justice reform measure during his presidency.

Collins, Eliza. “Bill Clinton expresses regret about criminal justice law he signed.” Politico. July 15, 1015.
12 August 2015 2015: Japan apologies for World War II

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe endorses his predecessors’ various apologies for World War II but does not offer a new apology of his own.

Soble, Jonathan. “Shinzo Abe Echoes Japan’s Past World War II Apologies but Adds No More.” New York Times. August 14, 2015.
1 September 2015 2015: Catholic Church-abortion

 At the start of a “Holy Year of Mercy,” Pope Francis says he will give priests the right to forgive the sin of abortion for women who are contrite.

Bacon, John. “Pope to allow priests to forgive abortion.” USA Today. September 1, 2015.
29 November 2015 2015: Turkey regret over the downing of a Russian warplane.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip voices regret over the downing of a Russian warplane.

raser, Suzan and Jim Heintz. “As Turkey apologizes, Russia sets sanctions.” Philadelphia Inquirer. November 29, 2015.
5 October 2016 Utrum

Enim euismod fere iusto pala quidem tum ulciscor. Antehabeo cogo enim eum illum meus singularis.

Nibh qui quidem tation torqueo. Damnum eros facilisi jus laoreet quia utrum voco. Dolus ea metuo rusticus. Adipiscing decet dolore nisl premo quis valde voco vulputate.
15 November 2016 Cogo Laoreet Quibus Venio

Cui elit humo iriure iusto loquor nutus veniam vulpes. Camur haero illum lenis sagaciter ullamcorper. Camur comis genitus iusto odio pagus pecus qui.

Capto dolus vero.
17 July 2016 1984: Jesse Jackson asks Jews for forgiveness for insensitive remarks

 At the U.S. Democratic National Convention, Jesse Jackson asks Jews for forgiveness for insensitive remarks.

MacPherson, Myra. “Jackson and Jews: A Healing Step.” Washington Post. July 17, 1984.
2016 1995: Japan - Asians and others World War II

June 9, 1995:  The lower house of the Japanese Diet expresses “deep remorse” for the suffering inflicted on Asians and others in World War II.

Dower, John W. “Triumphal and Tragic Narratives of the War in Asia.” [In Hein, Laura and Mark Selden, eds. Living With The Bomb. M.E. Scharpe, 1997.] p49.
1 June 2016 1995: The Southern Baptist convention - African-Americans Slavery

The Southern Baptist convention apologizes to African-Americans and asks for forgiveness “for defending slavery in the antebellum South and for condoning ‘racism in our lifetime.’”

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995.
April 2016 1995: USA-Japan, the atomic bombs

 U.S. President Bill Clinton says, “the United States owes no apology to Japan for having dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”

Woodward, Kenneth L. “Who’s Sorry Now?” Newsweek. July 17, 1995; “Um, Sorry About That.” Time. October 13, 1997.
23 August 2016 1996: USA seven undecorated, heroic African-American World War II soldiers

 U.S. President Clinton apologizes to seven undecorated, heroic African-American World War II soldiers.

Solis, Suzanne Espinosa. “Seven Black Soldiers Honored as World War II Heroes.” San Francisco Chronicle. September 24, 1996.
26 March 2016 1998: USA Inaction during the Rwanda genocide

U.S. President Clinton apologizes for inaction during the 1994 Rwanda genocide.

Mitchell, Emily. “Apologies: who’s sorry now?” Index of Censorship. May-June, 1998.
16 June 2016 1999: USA-bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade

U.S. State Department Under Secretary Thomas Pickering apologizes in Beijing for the bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. 

“America Says Sorry, Again.” The Economist. June 19, 1999.
2016 1999: Christian militia, publishes a public letter of apology- Lebanon civil

February 10, 1999:  As’ad Shaftari, a former officer of a violent Christian militia, publishes a public letter of apology for killings and torture he ordered during Lebanon’s civil war.

Young, Michael. “The Sneer of Memory.” Middle East Report. Winter, 2000. p42.
2016 1999: Catholic Church- Past Errors

Pope John Paul II asks forgiveness for the past errors of the Catholic Church but did not specify any such errors.

“Pope Repeats an Apology.” New York Times. September 2, 1999.
4 July 2016 2000: USA sale of slaves

The Hartford Courant newspaper apologizes for having published advertisements for the sale of slaves in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Zielbauer, Paul. “A Newspaper Apologizes for Salve-Era Ads.” New York Times. July 6, 2000.
24 July 2016 2000: Indonesia apology for dismissing two ministers

In an effort to reduce political tension, Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid apologizes for dismissing two ministers in May.

“Most Indonesian House Factions Accept President’s Apology.” Xinhua News Agency. July 24, 2000.
14 October 2016 2002: The Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes for calling the Prophet Muhammad a “terrorist”

The Rev. Jerry Falwell apologizes for calling the Prophet Muhammad a “terrorist” during a recent television interview.  Muslim leaders welcome the apology.

“Muslims Welcome Falwell’s Apology.” New York Times. October 14, 2002.
27 October 2016 2002: Russia apologizes to the families of dozens of hostages

Russian President Vladimir Putin apologizes on television to the families of dozens of hostages who died when special forces gassed the theater where they were being held by Chechen rebels.

“Hostage victims died from gas.” cnn.com. October 27, 2002.
30 January 2016 2003: Cambodia - compensation to Thailand for a riot that damaged the Thai embassy

Cambodia apologizes and promises to pay compensation to Thailand for a riot that damaged the Thai embassy and Thai-owned businesses in Phnom Penh.  Several days late, the Thai king accepts the apology.

“Cambodia Apologizes to Thailand Over Riot. New York Times. January 31, 2003; Mydans, Seth. “Thailand: Apologies From Cambodia Accepted.’ New York Times. February 5, 2003.
16 April 2016 2003: South African President Thabo Mbeki says the country will pay $85 million in reparations to 19,000 victims of apartheid crimes

South African President Thabo Mbeki says the country will pay $85 million in reparations to 19,000 victims of apartheid crimes who testified before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Thompson, Ginger. “South Africa to Pay $3,900 to Each Family of Apartheid Victims.” New York Times. 4/16/03.
16 August 2016 2003: An American who fled Estonia 60 years ago donates $2 million to build a Museum

An American who fled Estonia 60 years ago donates $2 million to build a Museum of Occupations in Tallinn to chronicle atrocities committed by the Nazi and Soviet occupations.

“60 Years After Fleeing, Woman Helps Estonia Recall Its Sad Past.” New York Times. August 16, 2003.
9 May 2016 2003: Hapsburg dynasty ask the Austrian government to return properties seized by the Nazis

Using a law intended to help Jewish victims of the Holocaust, the heirs to the Hapsburg dynasty ask the Austrian government to return properties seized by the Nazis on the eve of World War II

Green, Peter. “Hapsburgs Ask Austria to Return Estates Seized by Nazis.” New York Times. May 10, 2003.
14 June 2016 2003: Members of the Hatfield and McCoy families sign a truce

Members of the Hatfield and McCoy families sign a truce to officially end the deadly feud that dated to the 19th century.  (The feud essentially ended in 1891, and the families shook hands in 1976.)

“Official End Of Legendary Feud.” CBC News. February 11, 2009.
30 August 2016 2003 Denmark’s cooperation with Nazi occupiers

In a speech marking the 60th anniversary of the Nazi surrender, Danish Prime Minister Rasmussen publicly condemns for the first time Denmark’s cooperation with Nazi occupiers in World War II.

Denmark: Apology for Cooperation with Nazis.” New York Times. 8/30/03.
25 November 2016 2006: Chile- Augusto Pinochet accepts responsibility for wrongs

 Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet accepts responsibility for wrongs committed during his 18-year rule.

“Pinochet ‘takes responsibility.’” www.bbc.com. November 25, 2006.
25 February 2016 2007: USA-Virginia state’s role in slavery

Virginia’s state legislature passes a resolution expressing “profound regret” over the state’s role in slavery.

Maryland issues apology for its role in slavery.” Associated Press. March 27, 2007.
2016 2007: USA politicized firing of eight federal attorneys in 2006

U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales apologizes for the politicized firing of eight federal attorneys in 2006.

Eggen, Dan. “Gonzales issues mea culpa.” Montreal Gazette. March 19, 2007.
26 March 2016 2007: Britain “deep sorrow and regret” for Britain’s role in slavery

U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair expresses “deep sorrow and regret” for Britain’s role in slavery.

Ward, David. “Archbishop of York urges PM to apologise for slavery.” The Guardian. March 26, 2007.
28 March 2016 2007: Canada-settlement with survivors of Indian residential schools

The Canadian government announces that it will not include an apology in its settlement with survivors of Indian residential schools.

Curry, Bill. “No residential school apology, Tories say.” Globe and Mail. March 27, 2007.
19 April 2016 2006: USA legislature passes a bill to posthumously pardon civil rights icons

 The Alabama state legislature passes a bill to posthumously pardon civil rights icons Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., as well as hundreds of others arrested for violating racial segregation laws.

“Alabama nears pardon for Parks, King.” Montreal Gazette. 4/19/06. pA19.
3 June 2016 2006: USA-Race riot in Wilmington, USA recommends reparations

A state panel studying the 1898 race riot in Wilmington, NC recommends reparations be paid by government and businesses.

DeSantis, John. “Wilmington, N.C., Revisits a Bloody 1898 Day.” New York Times. 6/4/06.
22 July 2016 2006: Canada- the treatment of Chinese immigrants in imposing a head tax

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologizes unreservedly for the treatment of Chinese immigrants in imposing a head tax

Mulgrew, Ian. “Harper’s head-tax apology.” Montreal Gazette. June 23, 2006.
20 September 2016 2006: Canada- Maher Arar deportation from the U.S. to be tortured in Syria

The Canadian House of Commons unanimously apologizes to Maher Arar for permitting his deportation from the U.S. to be tortured in Syria.

Sallot, Jeff and Colin Freeze. “House apologizes for Arar’s treatment.” Globe and Mail. Septmeber 22, 2006.
15 July 2016 2007: Israel offers amnesty to 180 Fatah militants after they pledge to end attacks

 Israel offers amnesty to 180 Fatah militants after they pledge to end attacks.

Entous, Adam. “Israel offers amnesty to Fatah militants.” Montreal Gazette. July 16, 2007.
12 September 2016 2007: 1857 Mountain Meadows massacre of 120 unarmed immigrants in Utah-Mormons

 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) issues an apology for the 1857 Mountain Meadows massacre of 120 unarmed immigrants in Utah.

Moore, Carrie A. “LDS Church issues apology over Mountain Meadows.” Desert News. September 12, 2007.
31 January 2016 2008: Australia- mistreatment of Aboriginal people.

New Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd indicates that the country will apologize for past mistreatment of Aboriginal people.  The previous PM, John Howard, had refused to apologize.

“Australia: PM promises apology.” Montreal Gazette. January 31, 2008.
1 April 2016 2009: Khmer Rouge torturer Kaing Guek Eav (aka Dutch) apologizes

At trial, former Khmer Rouge torturer Kaing Guek Eav (aka Dutch) apologizes for the atrocities he committed in the 1970s.

Mydans, Seth. “Apology Offered at Khmer Rouge Trial.” New York Times. April 1, 2009.
15 December 2016 2009: Canada apologizes for failures that permitted sex abuse at religious and correctional institutions

The government of Ontario, Canada apologizes for failures that permitted sex abuse at religious and correctional institutions in the city of Cornwall.

Greenberg, Lee and Meaghan Hurley. “Ontario apologizes for sex abuse.” Montreal Gazette. December 16, 2009.
21 August 2016 2011: AL Sharpton offers a quasi-apology for inflammatory remarks riots in Crown Heights, NY

 In the U.S., Al Sharpton offers a quasi-apology for inflammatory remarks he made twenty years earlier, after the 1991 riots in Crown Heights, NY.  

8 December 2016 2011: Japan apologizes for the mistreatment of captured Canadian soldiers during World War II.

The Japanese government apologizes for the mistreatment of captured Canadian soldiers during World War II.

Abma, Derek. “Japan apologizes for PoW treatment.” Montreal Gazette. December 9, 2011.
23 February 2016 2012: USA apology to Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai for American military personnel burning Korans,

U.S. President Barack Obama sends a letter of apology to Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai for American military personnel burning Korans, which had sparked days of violent protests.

Rubin, Alissa J. “Obama Sends Apology as Afghan Koran Protests Rage.” New York Times. February 23, 2012.
10 April 2016 2014: USA Iran Barry Rosen - 444-day kidnapping in 1979-80

Former Iranian hostage Barry Rosen bemoans the lack of an official apology for his 444-day kidnapping in 1979-80.

Rosen, Barry. “Hearing No Apology, a Hostage Can’t Forgive.” (“Room For Debate.”) New York Times. April 10, 2014.
5 January 2016 2015: Japan apologies for Japan’s wartime misdeeds.

 New nationalist Japanese PM Shinzo Abe issues a reassurance that he will reiterate past apologies for Japan’s wartime misdeeds.

“Abe says to stick to Japan apology in WWII statement.” channelnewsasia.com Jan 5, 2015.
28 January 2016 2015: USA clears 9 African Americans jailed anti-segregation protest 54 years earlier

A court in Rock Hill, SC clears 9 African American men who were jailed for an anti-segregation protest 54 years earlier.

Fausset, Richard. “54 Years later, South Carolina Court Clears ‘Friendship Nine.’” New York Times. Jan 28, 2015.
24 August 2016 2015: South Korean President Park Geun-hye asks for an apology from North Korea over recent provocations

 South Korean President Park Geun-hye asks for an apology from North Korea over recent provocations.

Mullen, Jethro and Kyung Lah. “South Korea demands apology as talks drag on with North over tensions.” www.cnn.com. August 24, 2015.
24 August 2016 2015: South Korean North Korea provocations

  South Korean President Park Geun-hye asks for an apology from North Korea over recent provocations.

Mullen, Jethro and Kyung Lah. “South Korea demands apology as talks drag on with North over tensions.” www.cnn.com. August 24, 2015.
28 August 2016 2015: Monaco apologizes for his country’s deportation of Jews during World War II

  Prince Albert II of Monaco apologizes for his country’s deportation of Jews during World War II and asks for forgiveness.

“Monaco: Prince asks Jews for forgiveness.” Montreal Gazette. August 28, 2015.
7 October 2016 2015: USA-Doctors Without Borders hospital in Afghanistan bombed

President Obama apologizes for the bombing of a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Afghanistan.

Shear, Michael and Somini Sengupta. “Obama Issues Rare Apology Over Bombing of Doctors Without Borders Hospital in Afghanistan.” New York Times. October 7, 2015.
26 October 2016 2015: Britain- intelligence mistakes- invasion of Iraq in 2003.

 Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair apologizes for intelligence mistakes made in the invasion of Iraq in 2003.

Mullen, Jethro. “Tony Blair says he’s sorry for Iraq War ‘mistakes,’ but not for ousting Saddam.” www.cnn.com. October 26, 2015.
2 November 2016 2015: USA Delaware pardons Samuel D. Burris, 168 years after he was found guilty of helping slaves escape to freedom

 Delaware Governor Jack Markell posthumously pardons Samuel D. Burris, 168 years after he was found guilty of helping slaves escape to freedom.

Victor, Daniel. “Delaware Pardons an Underground Railroad ‘Hero.’” New York Times. November 2, 2015.
12 November 2016 2015: Serbia gives $7.1 million to Srebrenica,

Serbia gives $7.1 million to Srebrenica, to atone for the slaughter of some 8,000 Muslims there twenty years ago.

“Bosnia: Serbia gives $7.1M to Srebrenica.” Montreal Gazette. November 12, 2015.
28 December 2016 2015: South Korea- Japan issues an apology and an $8.3 million payment for the Imperial Army’s use of “comfort women”

 In an agreement with South Korea, Japan issues an apology and an $8.3 million payment for the Imperial Army’s use of “comfort women” during World War II

Sang-Hun, Choe. “Japan and South Korea Settle Dispute Over Wartime ‘Comfort Women.’” New York Times. December 28, 2015.
1 January 2016 2016: North Korean - reconciliation with South Korea

 North Korean leader Kim Jong-un says he is willing to discuss reconciliation with South Korea.

Sang-Hun, Choe. “Kim Jong-un Talks of Reconciliation in New Year’s Speech.” New York Times. January 1, 2016.
13 January 2016 2016: Iran USA-10 American soldiers who entered Iranian waters

 Iran claims that the U.S. apologized after 10 American soldiers entered Iranian waters and were arrested before being released.  U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry denies there was an apology.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/12096275/Iran-holds-two-US-Navy-boats-in-Persian-Gulf.html
16 January 2016 2016: USA clemency seven for men of Iranian in the USA

President Barack Obama grants clemency (but not a pardon) to seven men of Iranian origin either facing criminal charges or serving criminal sentences in the U.S., after which Iran releases five Americans whom it had held.

Gerstein, Josh. “Obama grants clemency to seven in Iran deal.” Politico.com. January 16, 2016.
19 January 2016 2016: USA- residents of the city of Flint contaminated drinking water crisis

  Michigan Governor Rick Snyder apologizes to the residents of the city of Flint for the contaminated drinking water crisis, saying “Government failed you at the federal, state, and local level.”

Durando, Jessica. “How water crisis in Flint, Mich., became federal state of emergency.” USAToday.com. January 19, 2016.
19 January 2016 2016: Swedish activist Peter Dahlin - Chinese state TV work with human rights lawyers

 Swedish activist Peter Dahlin issues an apology on Chinese state TV for his work with human rights lawyers.

Lewis, Simon. “Swedish Activist Shown ‘Confessing’ on Chinese State Television.” Time.com. January 19, 2016.
29 January 2016 2016: Japan atrocities of the Japanese military in World War II.

January 29, 2016:  During a visit to the Philippines, Japanese Emperor Akihito expresses remorse for the atrocities of the Japanese military in World War II.  But surviving “comfort women” protest the lack of an apology specifically to the victims of sexual slavery.

 

 
Whaley, Floyd. “In Philippines, World War II’s Lesser-Known Sex Slaves Speak Out.” New York Times. January 29, 2016.
10 February 2016 2016: USA Delawares role in slavery

 Delaware Governor Jack Markell signs a resolution apologizing for Delaware’s role in slavery and wrongs committed against African Americans in the Jim Crowe era.

Associated Press. “Delaware governor to sign resolution apologizing for slavery.” February 10, 2016.
29 February 2016 2016: USA Otto Warmbier, detained in North Korea,

U.S. citizen Otto Warmbier, detained in North Korea, issues an apology for trying to steal a political banner.

Sang-Hun, Choe. “Otto Warmbier, Detained U.S. student, Apologizes in North Korea.” New York Times. February 29, 2016.
21 March 2016 2016. USA Philadelphia Racism -African American baseball player Jackie Robinson

Philadelphia City Council passes a resolution officially apologizing for the virulent racism and hate that was directed towards the first African American baseball player Jackie Robinson when he visited the city for a game in 1947.  The apology is to be presented to Robinson’s widow.

Reilly, Katie. “Philadelphia Issues Apology to Jackie Robinson for Racism.” Time.com. March 31, 2016.
24 March 2016 2016: USA-Brutality of Argentina’s “dirty war” in the 1970s and 1980s

 President Barack Obama expresses regret for the failure of the U.S. to acknowledge the brutality of Argentina’s “dirty war” in the 1970s and 1980s.

Davis, Julie. “Obama Expresses Regret for U.S. Policies During Argentina’s ‘Dirty War.’” New York Times. March 24, 2016.
27 March 2016 2016: USA federal judge-nurse sentenced in 2003 to 15 months in prison for insurance fraud

 U.S. federal judge John Gleeson issues a non-binding “federal certificate of rehabilitation” for a nurse whom he sentenced in 2003 to 15 months in prison for insurance fraud, in order to vouch for her character and thereby make it easier for her to obtain employment despite her criminal record.  

 

Wegman, Jesse. “A Federal Judge’s New Model for Forgiveness.” New York Times. March 16, 2016.
1 April 2016 2016: South African President Jacob Zuma -violation of the the Constitution

 South African President Jacob Zuma apologizes after the country’s highest court ruled that he had violated the Constitution.

Onishi, Norimitsu. “Jacob Zuma Says He’ll Repay South Africa for Home Improvements. New York Times. April 1, 2016.
29 April 2016 Auschwitz Guard Reinhold Hanning Apologies

On trial for being an accessory to the murder of 170,000 people, 94-year old Reinhold Hanning says he is “sincerely sorry” for failing to prevent tens of thousands of deaths while he was a guard at the Auschwitz death camp in 1942-1944.  He says, “I am ashamed that I witnessed injustice and allowed it to continue without taking actions against it.”

Eddy, Melissa. “Former Auschwitz Guard Apologizes at Trial in Germany.” New York Times. April 29, 2016.
10 May 2016 Settlement for Residential School Survivors in Canada

Lawyers announce a $50 million settlement of a class action lawsuit brought by hundreds of survivors of residential schools in Newfoundland and Labrador against the Canadian federal government.  Many survivors also expressed the desire for an apology.

Kelland, Ariana and Mark Quinn. “N.L. residential school survivors’ lawyers reach $50M settlement with Ottawa.” CBC News. May 10, 2016.
18 May 2016 Canada Apologies for Komagata Maru Incident

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau apologizes for the 1914 Komagata Maru incident, in which 376 South Asians were refused entry to Canada. (Prime Minister Harper had also apologized for it in 2008.)  

O’Neil, Peter. “PM gives apology for Komagata Maru.” Montreal Gazette. May 19, 2016.
25 May 2016 Hiroshima Survivors Seek Apology

In advance of President Barack Obama’s visit to Hiroshima, Japan, Korean survivors of the 1945 U.S. atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki seek an apology.  (One-fifth of the victims were Koreans, most of whom had been taken to Japan as forced laborers.) 

Sang-Hun, Choe. “Korean Survivors of Atomic Bombs Renew Right for Recognition, and Apology.” New York Times. May 25, 2016.
25 May 2016 United States Apologies for Murder of Japanese Woman

President Barack Obama expresses “sincerest condolences and deepest regrets” for the murder of a Japanese woman in Okinawa by a U.S. marine.

Kepnes, Jeff. “Obama apologizes for Okinawa incident.” CNN. May 25, 2016.
30 May 2016 Ontario Apologies to Indigenous Peoples

Premier Kathleen Wynne of Ontario, Canada apologizes for harm done to indigenous peoples at residential schools.

“Ontario Apologizes for Residential Schools.” News Release, Office of the Premier. Toronto, ON. May 30, 2016.
1 June 2016 Mitsubishi Materials Apologizes to Miners

The Japanese company Mitsubishi Materials apologizes for forcing Chinese workers to labor in its mines during World War II and agrees to compensate three surviving former laborers.

Ramzy, Austin. “Mitsubishi Materials Apologizes to Chinese World War II Laborers.” New York Times. June 1, 2016. 650
9 June 2016 United States Apologies to Qatar for Soldier's Insults

The U.S. ambassador to Qatar apologizes after a video shows U.S. soldiers appearing to insult the country.

Koran, Laura. “U.S. apologizes to Qatar for video of laughing American sodiers.” CNN. June 9, 2016.
27 June 2016 Turkey Apologies for Shooting Down Russian Plane

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey writes to Russian President Vladimir Putin to apologize for shooting down a Russian war plane in November, 2015.

Tavernise, Sabrina. “Seeking to Improve Ties With Russia, Turkey Apologized for Downing Warplane.” New York Times. June 27, 2016.
27 June 2016 Pope Seeks Apology for Gay Community

Pope Francis said that the Christians should apologize to gays and others who faced discrimination.

Gallagher, Delia and Daniel Burke. “Pope says Christians should apologize to gay people.” CNN. June 27, 2016.
1 August 2016 Taiwan to Aboriginal Residents

President Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan apologizes to the country’s 540,000 aboriginal residents for centuries of mistreatment and discrimination.

Ramzy, Austin. “Taiwan’s President Apologizes to Aborigines for Centuries of Injustice.” New York Times. August 1, 2016.
11 August 2016 Canada Suggests Forthcoming Apology to Gay Community

Canadian government officials say that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will soon apologize for the country’s historic persecution of gay people.

Ibbitson, John. “Justin Trudeau to apologize for historical persecution of gay Canadians.” Globe and Mail. August 11, 2016.
2016 Patriarch of Eritrean Church Claims Government Staged False Apology

In Eritrea, supporters of the Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Tewahdo Church, Abune Antonios, claim that the government staged a false apology from him in order to resolve the embarrassment of his ten year imprisonment.

Wood, Mark. “Eritrea accused of staging false apology from imprisoned patriarch.” Christian Today. August 12, 2016.
12 August 2016 United States Apologies to Indian Actor Shah Rukh Khan

The American Ambassador to India apologizes after the popular Indian actor Shah Rukh Khan is detained at a U.S. airport for the third time in recent years.

Victor, Daniel. “Shah Rukh Khan, ‘King of Bollywood,’ Was Detained at a U.S. Airport for the Third Time.” New York Times. August 12, 2016.